Biopolymers are polymers that bio-debase with the activity of smaller scale life forms, warmth, and dampness. There is no particular standard for biodegradation. Biopolymers can be made utilizing waste starch from a harvest that has been developed for sustenance utilize
Polymer chemistry is combining several specialized fields of expertise. It deals not only with the chemical synthesis, Polymer Structures and chemical properties of polymers which were esteemed by Hermann Staudinger as macromolecules but also covers other aspects of novel synthetic and polymerization methods, reactions and chemistry of polymers, properties and characterization of polymers, Synthesis and application of polymer bio conjugation and also polymer nanocomposites and architectures. According to IUPAC recommendations, macromolecules are considered relevant to the individual molecular chains and are the domain of chemistry. Industrial polymer chemistry has particular attention on the end-use application of products, with a smaller emphasis on applied research and preparation.
Biodegradable polymers are defined as Polymers comprised of monomers linked to one another through functional groups and have unstable links in the backbone. They are broken down into biologically acceptable molecules that are metabolized and removed from the body via normal metabolic pathways.
For polymers the terms “Renewably-sourced” and ”bio-based” mean the same thing. They refer to a material that contains carbon originating from a renewable plant source. Materials are defined as renewably sourced when they contain a minimum of 20% by weight of plant sourced ingredients verified by 14C dating (ASTM definition).
Benefits of specifying biopolymers, made from a renewable plant source, or biomass, can include LEED certification points, and reduction in use of fossil fuels. At the same time, DuPont biopolymers provide durability and other qualities that enable application-critical performance in demanding applications.
Beside metals and ceramics, the study of polymers has currently become a cornerstone of material sciences and engineering. Polymers have the capacity to solve most of the world's complex problems like Water purification, energy management, oil extraction and recovery, advanced coatings, myriad biomedical applications, building materials, and electrical applications - virtually no field of modern life would be possible without polymeric materials. A Polymer Material Sciences and Engineering will provide you with a strong basis in the wide range of issues around structural and functional polymers. This multidisciplinary course is proposed in conjunction with the School of Chemistry allowing you to gain a rich understanding of both traditional commodity plastics and specialty polymers with increasing in the bio medical application and pharmaceutical industry, and in electronics and nanotechnology.