Singapore officially the Republic of Singapore, and often referred to as the Lion City or the Little Red Dot, is a sovereign city-state in Southeast Asia, and the world’s only island city-state. Singapore is a global commerce, finance and transport hub. Its standings include: the most “technology ready” nation (WEF), top International-meetings city (UIA), city with “best investment potential” (BERI), second-most competitive country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, and the second-busiest container port. Singapore is a major international transport hub, prospered as an important point for land and water transportation as well as a commercial city. Singapore’s territory consists of a diamond-shaped main island along with 62 other islets and its greening policy has covered the densely populated island with tropical flora, parks and gardens. Singapore consists of 63 islands, including the main island, Pulau Ujong. There are two man-made connections to Johor, Malaysia: the Johor–Singapore Causeway in the north and the Tuas Second Link in the west. Jurong Island, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin and Sentosa are the largest of Singapore’s smaller islands. Gardens by the Bay is a surreal green oasis in the heart of Singapore. It brings plants to life in a way you’ve never seen before. There you are surrounded by nature whilst feeling like you have stepped into the Avatar movie. This huge, colourful, futuristic park is famous for its high-tech Supertree Grove – a collection of magical giant trees – as well as Cloud Forest and Flower Dome. One of the attractions at Marina Bay Sands, the ArtScience Museum is the world’s first ArtScience museum, opened on 17 February 2011. This unique building is shaped like a lotus flower in bloom, and is anchored by a round base in the middle, with ten extensions referred to as “fingers”, designed to be a symbolic gesture of welcome to guests from across the globe.