Agenda

Schedule

Full-day Events with Awesome Speakers

Thursday, December 27

  • Advanced Biofuels| Algae Biofuels| Aviation Biofuels| Biomass Technology Biogas
    Location: Hall 1

Session Introduction: Thursday, December 27

11.00-11.25

Aron Deneyer

KU Leuven, Belgium

Title

Direct integration of bio-gasoline production into current petrorefinery

Biography

Aron Deneyer obtained his MSc in Bioscience Engineering (Catalytic Technology) at KU Leuven in 2014. During his master thesis, he explored the potential of hierarchical zeolites as catalyst in the valorisation of terpenes. As an IWT-funded fellow (2015-2018), under the guidance of Prof. Bert Sels, he investigated in his PhD the catalytic biorefining of sugars towards molecules with low and high functionality. As a post-doctoral researcher, he is currently occupied with the synthesis of tailor-made zeolites. Aron Deneyer obtained his MSc in Bioscience Engineering (Catalytic Technology) at KU Leuven in 2014. During his master thesis, he explored the potential of hierarchical zeolites as catalyst in the valorisation of terpenes. As an IWT-funded fellow (2015-2018), under the guidance of Prof. Bert Sels, he investigated in his PhD the catalytic biorefining of sugars towards molecules with low and high functionality. As a post-doctoral researcher, he is currently occupied with the synthesis of tailor-made zeolites. 

Abstract

Sugars, which are the main constituents of biomass, play an important role in the proposed transition towards renewables, but their full potential for the chemical industry is still underexploited. They have a unique carbon skeleton composed of 5 to 6 carbon atoms that are all connected in a linear way. Apart from the presence of oxygen atoms, these carbon chains are identical to the ones found in fossil light naphtha. This means that, providing a procedure for the selective removal of oxygen atoms, sugars potentially have an identical field of application as light naphtha. In this contribution, the direct hydrodeoxygenation of carbohydrate streams into light naphtha is presented. A one-pot biphasic (water:alkane) catalytic system is used, yielding liquid C5-C6 hydrocarbons directly from (ligno)cellulosic feedstocks. The catalytic reaction proceeds at medium temperature and under H2 pressure in the presence of an acidic as well as a redox catalyst. Some essential insights concerning the catalysts, the substrate as well as the organic solvent of this liquid phase cellulose-to-naphtha (LPCtoN) technology are discussed. Besides, a realistic process flow diagram, with LPCtoN as central technology, is presented. First, an efficient reductive catalytic fractionation (RCF), starting from woody resources, is demonstrated to produce a soluble lignin oil and a solid carbohydrate pulp. Second, the LPCtoN strategy, converting the carbohydrate pulp into naphtha, is fully integrated into current petrorefinery processes. The key to success for this integration is the use of fossil light naphtha streams as organic phase, resulting in a direct enrichment with bio-naphtha. This bio-enriched stream can immediately be used as substrate in a conventional hydro-isomerisation unit, after which a valuable (bio-)isomerate with a high octane number is obtained. This stream is extremely valuable for gasoline blends, especially taking into account the EU imposed directives of 10% green carbon in fuels by 2020.

 

11:25-11:50

Israa M.S. AL-Kadmy

Mustansiriyah University, Iraq

Title

Biodiesel production by using of lipase produced by Pseudomonas stutzeri as a biocatalyst for transesterification reaction of olive oil

Biography

MSc in Microbiology from Mustansiriyah University, College of Science, Department of Biology. (Iraq).. interested in molecular microbiology, Biotechnology, Nanobiotechnology.

Abstract

The rapid consuming of fossil fuels will lead to rapid exhaustion. Therefore, it is imperative to develop alternative and inexpensive new technologies to produce sustainable fuels such as biodiesel production by using of lipase as biocatalyst for performing esterification reactions for the production of biodiesel.Two Pseudomonas stutzeri and two Pseudomonas oryzihabitans were isolated from ruined olive fruits. These isolates screened for production of lipase from vegetable oils and others fats and found that the Ginger oil was the best among all the used oils for induction of lipase production in the medium. Lip gene for lipase was used for confirmation the presence of lipase gene in Pseudomonas stutzeri and Pseudomonas oryzihabitans. The lipase enzyme was used as a biocatalyst for the transesterification reaction step in biodiesel production and found that the olive oil was more suitable than the almond oil for biodiesel production, also the   free fatty acid (Oleic acid) was present in the major amount which is best suited for biodiesel production followed by fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) with 37%. The processing of the bacterial supernatants led to increase the performance in comparison to the non-processed samples since an easy and cheap process of concentration and dialysis could increase the yield of biodiesel production.

11:50-12:15

Athar Mahmood

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

Title

Biomass and Biogas yield of Maize as affected by nitrogen rates with varying harvesting under semi-arid condition of Pakistan

Biography

Dr. Athar Mahmood is an agronomist and has expertise in the evaluation of different crops biomass production and bio-energy production.he has vast experience of research as well as teaching at university level. He is currently teaching as Assistant Professor in the Department of Agronomy at world-renowned University named as University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan.

Abstract

Maize is an indispensible crop cultivated globally, being C4 crop it is more photo synthetically active grown for food, animal feed and for bio-energy production. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of nitrogen rates (NR) and harvesting time (HT) on biomass, chemical composition and biogas production of maize grown under semi arid condition of Pakistan. Results revealed that early harvesting decreased leaf area per plant as maximum value was found at 65 DAS followed by 55 DAS while lowest was produced at 45DAS. Among NR, higher level of N application of 200 kg ha-1 significantly enhanced leaf area per plant. The maximum chlorophyll contents (33.61%) were recorded at 45 DAS that was comparable with 55 DAS while the lowest chlorophyll contents (31.85%) were recorded at 65 DAS. Among NR, highest chlorophyll contents (35.02%) were observed when N was used @ 200 kg ha-1that was similar 150 per ha, whilst lowest chlorophyll contents (29.13%) by no N application. The delayed HT significantly enhanced biomass yield while lower yields were produced by early harvestings. Among NR highest biomass yield was obtained with N applied @ 200 kg ha-1that was same with 150 kg ha-1 whereas the lowest biomass yield was obtained when no N was applied. Regarding chemical composition, delayed harvesting clearly increased acid detergent fibers (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF). Regarding NR maximum ADF and NDF contents were recorded by applying higher N rates. In addition, advancing harvest time markedly enhanced protein contents of maize. Higher nitrogen application increased protein contents (11.84%) as highest value of protein contents was produced. With respect to biogas yield, advancing harvesting time increased the biogas yield while delayed harvesting clearly decreased the biogas yield of maize. NR rates also showed clear difference for biogas productivity as medium level application of N produced the maximum biogas as compared to other level tested in experiments.

12:15-12:40

Dilip Kumar Bora

Assam Engineering College, India

Title

Production Of Biodiesel Using Bioreactant and its Utilisation in a DI Diesel Engine

Biography

Dr. Dilip Kumar Bora is currently working as Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Assam Engineering College, Guwahati, India. He received his Ph.D. and Masters from the Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. His primary areas of research are Alternative fuels, Renewable energy, and Internal Combustion Engine.

Abstract

In India, with rapid growth in industrialization and fast increasing number of automobiles, the demand for petroleum-based fuel is increasing at an accelerating rate. This will ultimately lead to greater scarcity and higher prices, which consequently adverse the economy of the country. For the developing country like India, the fuels of bi-origin can provide a feasible solution to this crisis. The fuels of bio-origin may be alcohol, vegetable oils, biomass and biogas. Some of these fuels can be used directly while others need to be formulated to bring the relevant properties close to conventional fuels. The power used in the agricultural and transportation sectors is essentially based on diesel fuels, it is therefore, essential that alternative to diesel fuels be developed. Development of bio-fuels as an alternative and renewable source of energy for transportation has become critical in the national effort towards maximum self-reliance the corner stone of our energy security strategy. Bio-fuels being environment friendly will help us to conform to stricter emission norms. Biodiesel can serve as a perfect alternative against fossil fuel like diesel. Biodiesel which is based on agricultural products are clean, renewable and is readily available. Biodiesel can be used to run compression ignition (CI) engines used in commercial sector, agricultural sector and domestic purposes. The present study was carried out to visualize the potential of biodiesel produced from non edible oil using bioalcohol as biorectant in a single cylinder, four stroke, direct injection diesel engine. Experimental results showed that there is a slight increase in brake specific fuel consumption as compared to diesel fuel. Thermal efficiency increased for lower blends of biodiesel and diesel fuel. In addition, it was found that there is a decrease in carbon monoxide in case of biodiesel and its blends.

13:40-14:05

Abdeen Mustafa Omer

Energy Research Institute,United Kingdom

Title

Sustainable development in Green Energies & the Environment

Biography

Abdeen Mustafa Omer is an Associate Researcher at Energy Research Institute (ERI). He obtained both his Ph.D. degree in the Built Environment and Master of Philosophy degree in Renewable Energy Technologies from the University of Nottingham. He is a qualified Mechanical Engineer with a proven track record within the water industry and renewable energy technologies. He has been graduated from the University of El Menoufia, Egypt, BSc in Mechanical Engineering. His previous experience involved being a member of the research team at the National Council for Research/Energy Research Institute in Sudan and working director of research and development for National Water Equipment Manufacturing Co. Ltd., Sudan. He has published over 300 papers in peer-reviewed journals, 100 review articles, 5 books and 100 chapters in books.

Abstract

The move towards a de-carbonized world, driven partly by climate science and partly by the business opportunities it offers, will need the promotion of environmentally friendly alternatives, if an acceptable stabilisation level of atmospheric carbon dioxide is to be achieved. This requires the harnessing and use of natural resources that produce no air pollution or greenhouse gases and provides comfortable coexistence of human, livestock, and plants. This article presents a comprehensive review of energy sources, and the development of sustainable technologies to explore these energy sources. It also includes potential renewable energy technologies, efficient energy systems, energy savings techniques and other mitigation measures necessary to reduce climate changes. The article concludes with the technical status of the ground source heat pumps (GSHP) technologies.

14:05-14:30

Muhammad Usman

Director General of Agricultural Research System, Pakistan

Title

Biofuels and Bioenergy is the major industry, reducing financial and energy crises, global poverty and hunger in the world like South Asia particularly in Pakistan.

Biography

Mr. Muhammad Usman, Former Director General of Agricultural Research System, Government of Pakistan who retired from service after a spotless career of about 35 years with senior level experience on research and development of agricultural industry with regard to biofuels, bioenergy food chemistry and nutrition, renewable energy, sustainable agriculture of oilseed, cereal, fruits, vegetable. Mr. Usman is basically an agricultural scientist with specialization of agricultural and food chemistry working as plant breeder with regard to the yield and quality of various agricultural as well as bio-energy. Mr. Usman has also worked on Biosciences of lipid’s, food legumes crops and Bio-energy. Being scientists, Mr. Usman has released several oil seeds varieties, presented and published research papers on various oilseeds, and renewable energy in different conferences at Geneva. Mr. Usman established “Prominent Agro Based Industries SDN BHD” in Malaysia aims to work on the integrated agricultural project like livestock and dairy development, renewable energy.

Abstract

The aim of presentation consist of biofuels, bioenergy, industry financial and energy crises, global poverty and hunger were studded and reported that biofuels, Bioenergy is the major industry, creating income, employment, reducing financial crises, global poverty and hunger in the world like South Asia, particularly in Pakistan. The study reported that biofuels are the major industry can be produced from the plant, plant derived materials, renewable in nature, derived from biomass and used directly for heating known as biomass fuels. Biofuels can be broadly defined as solid, liquid, or gas fuel consisting of or derived from biomass. Biomass can also be used directly for heating or power-known as biomass fuel. Biomass is a biological material derived from living organism including plants and animals, known as agricultural biomass. The data recorded in Pakistan showed that a single cow is sufficient to provide a whole family with their milk and energy needs as biogas generated from the dung of cow. This is not only the cheapest source of energy but also an important alternative to replace the costly item like furnace oil, coal, natural gas used for non-renewable energy. It means bioenergy is the basic need of our life, the main source of poverty and without energy life is almost impossible. In view of the importance of bioenergy, the developing counties are still facing energy crises due to dense population and high dependence on non-renewable energy although a great potential of bioenergy is available. As reported, due to lack of energy nearly one billion people go to bed hungry each night. The total number of countries are available in the world are 224, consist of 49, developed countries 49, 149 developing countries, 4 observers states, 8 states with partial recognition and 14 unrecognized states but the South Asia comprises the countries of Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, and Sri-Lanka South Aisa is about one fifth of the world’s population, which is considered as the most densely populated region in the world. In the light of the above study,  the industry of biofuels and bioenergy may be commercialized to generate income, create employment, reduce financial and energy crises as well as global poverty and hunger in the developing countries of the world like South Asia, particularly in Pakistan.