Bio-based materials are expected to have huge market potentials in several industry segments particular as bioplastics or bio-based polymers in the plastic industry. Being the first plastics entering the “world”, today they are still mostly in niche positions. Even today “bioplastics” and “biodegradability” and alike are often different or wrong defined, leading to misinformation what has slowed down the acceptance process. The presentation will give an overview about the actual status and trends of bioplastics and biomaterials in Asia compared to the global development . The presentation will highlight the opportunities but also the challenges bio-based plastics and biopolymer are facing with a special focus on the activities in South-East Asia. For example Thailand has an abundant sources of raw materials and an already well developed infrastructure for plastic products including a National Roadmap since 2008 to support bioplastic introduction in the domestic market. But where is Thailand today? The current status of the bioplastic development in Thailand will be reviewed and the experiences with the involved measures on technology, market and policy aspects be shared with the focus on lessons learned for future outlooks. Understanding driver mechanism and interaction, the importance of policy support from governments, deeper understanding of technology, applications and markets will be the future key for success for bioplastics and related products.
Professor Mitchell carried out his doctoral studies at the University of Cambridge and postdoctoral studies at Hokkiado University Japan, and the University of Cambridge. He is currently Vice-Director of the Centre for Rapid and Sustainable Product Development, Institute Polytechnic of Leiria, Marinha Grande, Portugal a centre of excellence in the field of sustainable manufacturing, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. He is also Emeritus Professor at the University of Reading UK. He has published over 300 papers in international journals and 6 books. He is an editorial board member of several international journals.
Dr. Stephan Kabasci holds a PhD in Chemical engineering from the Technical University of Dortmund. He has been working for Fraunhofer UMSICHT since 1992, starting as a research engineer and project manager. From 1998 – 2003 he was head of the working group "Bioengineering", 2004 – 2013 he was business unit manager "Renewable Resources, and since 2014 he has been head of the department “Bio-based Plastics”. Dr. Kabasci is teaching bioengineering at the Ruhr-University Bochum and he is the editor of “Bio-based Plastics. Materials and Applications” in the Wiley Series on Renewable Resources.
Today, foam extrusion of thermoplastics such as polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP) or polystyrene (PS) is widely used to produce foamed products, e. g. food packaging trays or insulation boards. However, there is an increasing demand in considering sustainability aspects (e. g. low toxicity, renewable resource base) for materials and products. Therefore, considerable research has been conducted on foaming bio-based plastics recently. The contribution gives an overview of the developments at Fraunhofer UMSICHT in the field of biopolymer foams. Recent results of foaming of different biopolymers, namely starch, cellulose esters, bio-based polyesters and a bio-based polycarbonate, will be presented. The research covered chemical as well as physical blowing agents. Morphology was analyzed by means of optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Physical foam properties such as foam density and porosity as well as mechanical foam properties were also measured. Depending on the biopolymer type and the blowing agent type and content, different foam properties and foam morphologies can be achieved. Finally, an outlook on future research projects of Fraunhofer UMSICHT in the field of biopolymers foaming will be given.
Dr. Wolfgang Baltus is a well-recognized expert for bio-based technology, market knowledge and policies related to green economy approaches in Asia-Pacific. He is well connected to government agencies in the Asian region, to organizations like UNEP, FRAUNHOFER, GIZ or the KITECH Institute (South Korea) and to leading global and regional companies in this sector like BASF, DSM, Corbion or BAYER. Dr. Baltus was engaged in several feasibility studies for different clients in the Asian region regarding the introduction of green technology along the whole value chain from agriculture feedstock to end of life options. He is one of the co-authors of the “Market Study for bio-based Materials” from the German NOVA Institute, covering as expert Asian biopolymer and biochemical markets and has supported NOVA in the EU bio-economy framework policy work. Dr. Baltus has contributed and monitored different roadmaps on this topic like the “National Bioplastic Roadmap” in Thailand. He has been invited as speaker, advisor/organizer and lecturer for topics regarding bio- economy policies, climate change mitigation and bio-based technology for workshops and many international conferences in Asia and abroad, He has assisted the UNEP to set up the eco-innovation manual for Asia-Pacific. In 2014 he setup Wobalt Expedition Consultancy, an independent consultancy covering l sustainable development.
- Oral Session 1