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The conventional resource is also known as finite resource or non-renewable source. This is a resource that does not reintroduce itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames. An example is carbon-based, organically-derived fuel. The original organic material becomes a fuel such as oil or gas after going through heat and pressure. Earth minerals and metalores, fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, and natural gas) and groundwater in certain aquifers, all are considered as non-renewable resources, though individual elements are almost always conserved.

Petroleum geology is the division of the origin, natural occurrence, movement, gathering, gathering and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels, especially oil or petroleum. Petroleum geology involves sedimentology which is the study of how sand, mud and clay are deposited. In sedimentology, petroleum geologists comprehend how the petroleum deposits found in sedimentary rocks came to be because it is in sedimentary basins that the commercial accumulations of petroleum occur. It discusses the specific set of geological disciplines that are applied to the search for hydrocarbons (oil exploration). Petroleum Engineering 2019 will discuss the about field of petroleum geology

Hydraulic Fracturing is the process of drawing fluid into a wellbore at a mixture rate that is too high for the formation to accept without breaking. During injection the flow of resistance increases, the pressure in the wellbore increases to a value is called as the break-down pressure that is those whole of the in-situ compressive stress and the strength of the formation. When this creation breaks down, a crack will be formed, and the injected liquid streams through it. From a constrained gathering about animated perforations, ideally a single, vertical crack will be made that propagates previously, two "wings" being 180° separated and identical in shape and size. In naturally fractured or cleated formations, it is possible to create multiple fractures and the two wings evolve in a tree-like pattern with increasing number of branches away from the injection point

Petro-chemistry is a branch of chemistry that studies processing of crude oil (petroleum) and natural gas into useable products or raw materials. These petrochemicals have become a crucial part of the chemical industry nowadays. Each geographical area and hence oil field will generate a raw petroleum with a different combination of molecules depending upon the overall ratio of each hydrocarbon it contains, this directly affects the coloration and viscosity of the petroleum chemistry. In extremely huge quantities petroleum has been processed a lot of years by natural changes in organic materials. Offering the required building blocks petrochemicals allow downstream industries to originate and improve the quality of life

Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that include many various processing units and secondary facilities such as utility units and storage tanks. Each refinery has its own unique arrangement and combination of refining processes mostly determined by the refinery location, desired products and economic considerations. Petroleum refining is a part of chemical engineering and different accessories acclimated in petroleum refineries which help to change crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and ammunition oils

Reservoir engineering is a branch of petroleum engineering that implement scientific principles to the drainage problems arising during the development and production of oil and gas reservoirs so as to obtain a high economic recovery. The working methods of the reservoir engineer includes subsurface geology, applied mathematics, and the basic laws of physics and chemistry governing the behavior of liquid and vapor phases of crude oil, natural gas, and water in reservoir rock. Reservoir engineers also play a essential role in field development planning, recommending appropriate and cost effective reservoir depletion schemes such as water flooding or gas injection to maximize hydrocarbon recovery. Due to legislative changes in many hydrocarbon manufacturing countries, they are also involved in the design and execution of carbon sequestration projects in order to minimize the emission of greenhouse gases

Petroleum Engineering includes use of the technology in a numerous ways depending on the particular area because the capacity to extract hydrocarbon has become more difficult even the terrain has become more difficult including deep-water, arctic and desert condition. Therefore, new ideas had to be formed in order to access these hard to reach deposits and this means that Petroleum Engineering need to understand different aspects such as thermo-hydraulics, geo-mechanics and intelligent systems. As the result petroleum engineering technology application has higher role in aiding engineers in their work. Petroleum engineering technology continues to enhance and has been advance in computer modeling and simulation, statistical and probability analysis, and also in new ideas such as horizontal drilling and betterment of oil recovery

Petroleum Engineering Conference includes various research aspects in the field of Crude Oil. Basically, the natural form of petroleum is called crude oil and it is in clear form, which is green or black colour and maybe like gasoline. Unique mixture of molecules present in petroleum, and its physical and chemical properties, such as colour and viscosity. Sulphur exists in crude petroleum as a non-hydrocarbon component in different concentrations. Among the distillate fractions obtained from crude oil, the distribution of sulphur compounds is not uniform, rather it varies from fraction to fraction depending upon their boiling points. The concentration, as well as the complexity in the structure of the sulphur compounds, increases in various distillate fractions with the increase in boiling points. In petroleum its presence is undesirable due to corrosion problems, deactivating catalysts in various refining processes and contributing to environmental pollution. So the regulatory authorities are imposing strict regulations to limit the amount of sulphur in petroleum-based liquid fuels

As demand for oil and its derivatives is growing, education, research, and technology are also swiftly developing to drive the oil and gas sector forward by developing new technical solutions, standards and industry best practices. Drilling is a unique mechanical process that is designed to bring petroleum oil hydrocarbons to the surface by making a hole or bore into the earth’s surface. In geotechnical engineering, drilling fluid is used to aid the drilling of boreholes into the earth. Drilling rigs are used not only to identify geologic reservoirs but also to create holes that allow the extraction of oil or natural gas from those reservoirs. Traditionally oil and gas wells are vertically drilled. Technological advancements have allowed operators to save time, reduce operational costs, and lessen their environmental impact

Over the most recent twenty years the field of Petroleum Engineering has gone through many challenges. The advancement of innovative technology as well as the increasing uses of computerized tools in nearly all stages of the exploration and production processes. Information about oil and service companies and their market analysis and geographic areas of operation is also required. As well as In addition of  current professionals will be asked to be good familiarity  about legal and also ethics issues and have an awareness of this matters related to health, safety and environment. The Exploration and Production in Petroleum industry faces different challenges as it tends to creating essentialness ask for, the necessity for sparing exercises, declining age from more prepared supplies, and new resources is harder to reach and harsher conditions

Petroleum Economics has a vibrant role to play in the Oil & Gas Industry and it lies at the center of all decision making.  Various methods have evolved over time in determining and calculating economic inputs, evaluating investments, quantifying risk and generating feasible portfolios. Petroleum Economics brings together information and expertise across the E&P spectrum and a clear understanding of concepts such as cash flow analysis, organizational challenges, price forecasting, cost drivers and risk management is required. The Petroleum Engineering 2019 wants to bring together a wide industry audience including practitioners of economics and decision making, petroleum engineers & geoscientists and offers structured short interactive training sessions on topics such as Economic Modeling, Decision Analysis, Exploration Analysis and Economics of Unconventional Resources