Biodiversity helps in maintaining climate change and also prevents natural calamities. Biodiversity helps to regulate the nutrient cycle, water (e.g. floods) and mitigates impacts of climate change. In simple terms, it is the variability and variety of living organisms together with ecological facilities in which they exist. Let us try to understand biodiversity as a whole and biodiversity conservation which has become a major issue in this developing age. This conference will provide a platform to discuss on biodiversity and ecology restoration for the beneficial of mankind.
Animals have adapted to survive and thrive in their environmental riches. Is one of the most fascinating aspects of biology? Farm animal biodiversity is so important for maintaining genetically diverse and healthy livestock. However, this diversity is being threatened by some industrial farming operations that depend on a small number of farm animal breeds that can thrive in an intensive livestock environment. Because of this, farm animal breeds that don't thrive in factory farming operations are becoming rarer. Plants species consists of familiar organisms such as trees, herbs, bushes, grasses, ferns and mosses. With the help of photosynthesis they convert water and carbon dioxide into the oxygen we breathe and the sugars that provide the primary fuel for life. Plants holds the major role to evolution as a whole in that they produced the oxygen that made life on earth possible — not only by "breathing" it into the atmosphere and transforming it, but also by crushing rocks with their roots, which created soils and released nutrients on a large scale.
Shortage of landfill sites, pollution, the depletion of the ozone layer, and the greenhouse effect challenge human existence. Some adaptations are behavioural and sometimes behavior drives the evolution of new adaptations by creating new selective environments. If an organism has a trait that provides an adaptive significance in its environment, then natural selection favours it. Adaptive significance refers to the expression of a trait that affects fitness, measured by an individual's reproductive success.
We people need air to breathe, water to drink, food to eat, new medicines, a climate we can live in, beauty, inspiration and recreation. As we know that living oceans absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and reduce climate change impacts. The diversity and productivity of the world's oceans is a vital interest for human kind marine species provide important ecosystem services such as the provision of food, medicines, and livelihoods. They also support tourism, recreational and many other activities around the world. Unfortunately, the resources of the sea have been over-harvested by humans, threatening marine biodiversity and we should think on it.
Genetic diversity is defined as genetic variability present within species. Genetic diversity is the product of recombination of genetic material in the process of inheritance. It changes with time and space.
It aims on economy that aims at reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcity and its main focus is for sustainable development without degrading the environment.The green economy is an enabling component of the overarching goal of sustainable development. It is defined as an economy that results in improved human well-being and reduced inequalities, while not exposing future generations to significant environmental risks and ecological scarcities
Forestry is nothing but the science and craft of creating, using, managing, repairing woodlands, and associated resources for human and environmental benefits. If we talk about economic segment then forestry plays an important role in various industrial countries. For example, if we talk about Germany, then forests cover nearly a third of the land area, wood is the most important renewable resource, and forestry supports more than a million jobs and nearly about €181 billion of value to the German economy each year.
Environmental Toxicology is about the study of the effect of the man-made and natural chemicals on health and the environment. It includes the study of the effect of chemical on organism. It involves the studying of sources, pathways, transformations, and effects of chemicals that are harmful in the environment. The study of these harmful effects extends from individuals and populations of organisms to the ecosystem level. The study of the toxic effects of environmental contaminants really began in the 1960's, evolving from the traditional field of human or classical toxicology
It is the study of insects and their relationship to human, environment and other organism. And entomologists make great contributions to such diverse field such as agriculture, chemistry, biology etc. Entomologists makes contributions to such diverse field as agriculture, chemistry, biology, human or animal health, molecular science and forensics. The study of insects serves as the basis for developments in biological and chemical pest control, pharmaceuticals, food production and storage, mapping biological diversity, robotics and other field of science.
It is a process of maintaining plants or animals, in a controlled environment, Like zoos, botanical garden. It also used for saving species from extinction. It is sometimes employed to help species that are being threatened by human activities such as human loss, fragmentation, over hunting or fishing, pollution, predation, disease and parasitism. But for success breeders must consider many factors including genetic, ecological, behavioural and ethical issues. Most successful attempts involve the cooperation and coordination of many institutions.
Biodiversity management is nothing but by managing the sustainable forest and harvesting Trees, and the ecological restoration. The genetic differences between them and the communities and ecosystems in which they occur. It underlies all the ecosystem processes that make life possible and is crucial to the ecological stability of our planet. Management for biodiversity conservation requires that it be built into all aspects of management through: