Singapore, formally the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-country in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies approximately one diploma of latitude (137 kilometers or eighty-five miles) north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bordering the Straits of Malacca to the west, the Riau Islands (Indonesia) to the south, and the South China Sea to the east. The country's territory consists of 1 primary island, sixty-three satellite tv for pc islands, and islets, and one outlying islet, the blended place of which has multiplied through 25% for the reason that country's independence because of massive land reclamation projects. It has the second one best populace density inside the world. With a multicultural populace and spotting the want to admire cultural identities, Singapore has 4 reliable languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil. English is the lingua franca. Multiracialism is enshrined withinside the charter and maintains to form countrywide rules in education, housing, and politics.