University of Baluchistan, Pakistan
Dr. Qaiser Iqbal is serving as an assistant Professor in University of Baluchistan Quetta, Pakistan. He has completed his PhD from University of Sargodha, Pakistan in 2018, he has published more than 20 articles in reputed research journals. He is an active researcher and also involved in supervision of various MPhil and PhD scholars.
Background: Quality of Life (QoL) and its determinants are significant in all stages of life, including pregnancy. The physical and emotional changes during pregnancy affect the QoL of pregnant women, affecting both maternal and infant health. Hence, assessing the QoL of pregnant women is gaining interest in literature. We, therefore, aimed to describe the QoL of pregnant women during physiological pregnancy and to identify its associated predictors in women attending a public healthcare institute of Quetta city, Pakistan.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of Sandeman Provincial Hospital Quetta city, Pakistan. The respondents were asked to answer the Urdu (lingua franca of Pakistan) version of the Quality-of-Life Questionnaire for Physiological Pregnancy. Data were coded and analysed by SPPS v 21. The Kolmogorov–Smirnov test was used to establish normality of the data and non- parametric tests were used accordingly. Quality of Life was assessed as proposed by the developers. The Chi-square test was used to identify significant associations and linear regression was used to identify the predictors of QoL. For all analyses, p < 0.05 was taken significantly.
Results: Four hundred and three pregnant women participated in the study with a response rate of 98%. The mean QoL score was 19.85 ± 4.89 indicating very good QoL in the current cohort. The Chi-Square analysis reported a significant association between age, education, occupation, income, marital status, and trimester. Education was reported as a positive predictor for QoL (p = 0.006, = 2.157). On the other hand, trimester was reported as a negative predictor of QoL (p = 0.013, = −1.123).
Conclusion: Improving the QoL among pregnant women requires better identification of their difficulties and guidance. The current study highlighted educational status and trimester as the predictors of QoL in pregnant women. Health care professionals and policymakers should consider the identified factors while designing therapeutic plans and interventions for pregnant women.
Keywords: profile, predictors, maternal Quality of Life, physiological pregnancy, cross-sectional analysis