Agenda

Date

September 18-19, 2019

Location

Singapore City, Singapore

Conference Agenda

Explore your options to connect, learn and be inspired from our speakers

Keynote Session:

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Bikash Sah photo

Bikash Sah

B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Nepal

Title: Alleged medical errors reporting of autopsied cases as a quality improvement tool

Biography:

Bikash Sah, Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.One year Fellowship in Forensic Odontology,Associate Professor at Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology,Assistant Hospital Director, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. Member of The International Association of Forensic Toxicology (TIAFT). Nepal Medical Association. Indian Association of Forensic Odontology. Medicolegal Society of Nepal. Won First Prize in Oral Presentation at 2018 conference organized by Indian Association of Medicolegal Experts.

 

Abstract:

Cases brought for autopsy with an allegation of death due to the medical negligence are being reported. First case was filed on a doctor with an allegation of death because of not realizing about ectopic pregnancy in this case of post abortion care but the doctor was saved when histopathological examination could not establish a product of conception. Second case was with an allegation that the case could have been saved if her blood, urine and vomitus would have been sent to the lab for specific poison determination followed by specific treatment. Third case has shown the importance of informed consent. Fourth case was with an allegation: "How can a man just with abdominal pain die with endoscopic examination and why were they not informed prior to the procedure about its lethal complication".

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Anupuma Raina photo

Anupuma Raina

All India Institute of Medical Sciences,India

Title: Forensic DNA fingerprinting and sex mismatch : Chimerism based on Y-STR DNA determination analysis

Biography:

Abstract:

DNA analysis   identifies an individual as well as   different species also . Forensic DNA   is a branch of forensic science that focuses on the use of genetic material   to answer questions pertaining to legal situations, including both criminal and civil. It is a   technique  comparing criminal suspects' profiles to DNA evidence so as to assess the likelihood of their involvement in the crime. Thus DNA Fingerprinting analysis aids in the personal identification for forensic purposes   and has always been a driving motivation for law enforcement agencies in almost all countries since its inception. The introduction of DNA markers (Y-STR) has allowed for greater precision and higher discriminatory power in forensic testing. A criminal/ person committing crime after Bone Marrow Transplantation are a rare situation but not impossible one. Keeping such situation in mind, a study was carried out to find out the best biological sample  to be used for personal identification especially in forensic situation. We choose female patient (recipient ) and a male donor. The pre transplant  sample (blood)  and post transplant samples (blood, buccal swab, hair roots) were collected from the recipient (patient). The same were compared with the blood sample of the donor using DNA FP technique. Post transplant samples were collected at different interval of time (15, 30, 60 and 90 days). The study was carried out using Y-STR kit at 23 loci. The results determined discusses the phenomenon of chimerism  and its impact on Y-STR . Hair sample was found the moist suitable sample which had no donor DNA profiling upto 90 days.

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Steven L. Armentrout photo

Steven L. Armentrout

Parabon NanoLabs

Title: The Evolution of SNP Genotyping for Forensic Investigations

Biography:

Dr. Steven Armentrout pioneered the use of SNP genotyping for
forensic investigations. Beginning in 2011, with funding from the
US Department of Defense, he led the research team that created
Parabon® Snapshot®, the world’s first software application able to
predict physical appearance and ancestry of an unknown person from a crime scene DNA sample, making it available to law enforcement in 2015. Dr. Armentrout holds a PhD in Computer Science from the University of Maryland, College Park and has nearly 30 years of experience designing machine learning (A.I.) software to solve complex problems ranging from investment portfolio optimization to nanotechnology design and bioinformatics.

 

Abstract:

Less than a decade ago, the idea of using single nucleotide
polymorphisms (SNPs) for forensic investigation was a foreign
concept. Beginning with studies showing the association between
specific genes and visible traits, researchers have since found new
ways to exploit the full richness of the human genome. From a case
study perspective, participants will gain an understanding of how
SNPs (for DNA phenotyping, ancestry determination, kinship
inference and genetic genealogy) are now being used to solve cases at an unprecedented rate. In the past year alone law enforcement
agencies, both in the US and abroad, who have utilized these
technologies, have been able to solve over 70 violent crimes, most of
which had been cold for over 25 years.

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Jose Helano Matos Nogueira photo

Jose Helano Matos Nogueira

Brazilian Federal Police, Brazil

Title: Forensic intelligence and its application

Biography:

Professor Dr Jose Helano Matos Nogueira is Forensic Criminal Expert at Brazilian Federal Police and has some postgraduate courses (1) Post doctorate at King's College London, UK; (2) Doctorate at University of Liverpool, UK; (3) Master of Science at PUC University, Brazil; (4) Master of Business Administration at University of Florida, USA; (5) Master of Business Administration at National Police Academy, Brazil. Currently, Dr Helano is an academic visitor at King's College London UK, recognized teacher and supervisor at the University of Liverpool in the UK, and professor at Farias Brito University in Brazil, and has 25 years' teaching and research experience on business administration and information technology in several universities. He has supervised dozens of postgraduate students (doctorate and master) in the field of business administration and computer science during the preparation of their theses, dissertations, and projects. In addition, a researcher, he has more than 80 scientific 

Abstract:

The forensic activities have evolved over time, many strategies, plans, and frameworks have been proposed in order to mitigate the complexity of forensic work and absence of resources to effectively well develop the crime combat and criminal persecution which reflects the constantly changing landscape within which forensic sciences operate. The forensic intelligence is still relatively new in the field of forensic science and the advances in Criminalistics requires innovative techniques, methods, and strategies to combat local, regional, national, international crimes. This article provides an in-depth case study at Brazilian Federal Police in order to help academics, forensic scientists, forensic experts, police officers, managers, and policymakers to establish a holistic understanding and a realistic discussion that advances the frontiers of the forensic science.

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Udita Singh photo

Udita Singh

Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, India.

Title: Analysis of human DNA in dental calculus for identification and gender estimation

Biography:

Dr. Udita Singh, MDS (Oral medicine and Radiology) Certified Forensic odontologist (Indian Association of Forensic Odontology),PhD scholar at Pacific College of Dental Science, Udaipur, Rajasthan.Working as Associate Professor in Department Of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kothiwal Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.

 

Abstract:

In this study fifty subjects who were willing to participate and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected from the dental outpatient department. The thickest or most pronounced portion of dental calculus was identified. Using a sterile probe, pressure was applied on the edge directly adjacent to the tooth enamel until dental calculus break free. Once calculus was removed from the tooth, it was collected gently using tweezers on sterilised gauze pieces and tipped in disposable Eppendorf centrifuge tube vials. For barr body analysis, buccal smear was made by gently scrapping the buccal mucosa two-three times uni-directionally. These swabs were stored in small labelled sterile plastic bags. For DNA estimation and quantification, gel electrophoresis was carried out. For gender determination DNA samples were subjected to Short Tandom Repeat (STR) profiling for identification of sex specific chromosomes/genes. In bar body test of gender determination, buccal smears were analysed histologically for the presence/absence of barr bodies.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Leena Kumari photo

Leena Kumari

SGT University, India

Title: Tooth, the best forensic evidence for forensic identification and age estimation: A case report

Biography:

Leena Kumari has diversified academic background. She has started with the field of dental sciences and explored it with the forensic perspective. She is specialized in Forensic Odontology, keeping her root with dentistry and linking it with forensic science at post graduate level and furthermore she is perusing PhD under supervision of Dr T.D Dogra, Ex- Director, AIIMS and Director IQAC, SGT University and Dr Anupuma Raina, Scientist, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, AIIMS. Recently she is serving as a Assistant Professor in the department of Forensic Sciences at the SGT University Medical College & Research Centre, Gurugram.

 

Abstract:

Leena Kumari has diversified academic background. She has started with the field of dental sciences and explored it with the forensic perspective. She is specialized in Forensic Odontology, keeping her root with dentistry and linking it with forensic science at post graduate level and furthermore she is perusing PhD under supervision of Dr T.D Dogra, Ex- Director, AIIMS and Director IQAC, SGT University and Dr Anupuma Raina, Scientist, Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, AIIMS. Recently she is serving as a Assistant Professor in the department of Forensic Sciences at the SGT University Medical College & Research Centre, Gurugram.

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Priyanka Singh photo

Priyanka Singh

Amity University, India

Title: Barriers in reporting sexual assault cases

Biography:

Priyanka Singh, Ph.D. in Forensic Science and visiting faculty member in Amity Institute of Forensic Science at Amity University. She is recipient of Senior Research Fellowship from Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of home Affairs, Government of India. Her doctoral research focusses on role of Police and victims of sexual assault. Dr. Priyanka has 7 years of research experience in the field of criminology and forensic Science. She also serves as visiting faculty and encompasses multidisciplinary approach in the fields of toxicology, serology and forensic psychology. She holds a master degree in forensic science and a graduate in Biotechnology.

 

Abstract:

Reporting of sexual assault cases on time is one of the major step which helps in proper investigation of the case. The proportion of fair investigation varies in the cases of child and adult abuse. This study demonstrates some dominating factors which create obstruction in reporting such cases like judicial proceedings, psychological factors, societal acceptance and severity of the case. It has been concluded that delayed reporting is associated with less number of valuable evidences, unavailable witnesses that leads to late judicial proceedings , social status and the degree of physical and mental illness.

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Heena Goswami photo

Heena Goswami

Gujarat National Law University, India

Title: Virtobot: The convincing role of artificial intelligence in the crime investigation

Biography:

Heena Goswami, working as Assistant Professor of Science and Technology in one of the top three National Law Schools of India. She has served as a Forensic Expert in the State Forensic Science Laboratory and has investigated and opined for more than 200 cases like homicide, hanging, suicide, poisoning, motor vehicle accidents, robbery, burglary, and forgery etc. as the Expert Witness. She has conducted and organized various training programs on Investigation and Trials for Practitioners, Professionals, Academicians and the Students. She has published various articles of national and international repute. She has developed interdisciplinary approaches in various subjects combining the components of Science and Law Enforcement.

 

Abstract:

The advances in scientific technology in the recent past have taken the modern world by the tempest.1 AI has been introduced to describe the emergence of an interconnected world that expands beyond the purely digital domain to interact with the physical and biological ones. The manuscript focuses on Virtobot, an AI which is a product of interdisciplinary sciences that is believed to be the future of forensic sciences and criminal investigation. Virtobot uses a technology called virtopsy which is based on imaging techniques and forensic medicine and is touted for its non-invasive autopsy procedure. Studies show that the level of accuracy of Virtobot’s imaging technique can help detect peculiarities and injuries that may go unnoticed in traditional autopsies. For the first time ever, a forensic examination of a living person seems possible through Virtobot which has a stronger imaging capability than a CT scan or an MRI.

 

Keynote Session: