Singapore, an island city-state off southern Malaysia, is a global financial center with a tropical climate and multicultural population. Its colonial core centers on the Padang, a cricket field since the 1830s and now flanked by grand buildings such as City Hall, with its 18 Corinthian columns. In Singapore's circa-1820 Chinatown stands the red-and-gold Buddha Tooth Relic Temple, said to house one of Buddha's teeth.
Changi Airport is one of Asia’s best-connected airports and is an important hub for international aviation. Being an important gateway to Southeast Asia, mostly all major international airlines fly into Singapore. There is regular air traffic from Singapore to several destinations in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Australia and North America. Regularly voted the world’s best airport, its facilities include a gym, several gardens, an outdoor pool, free internet, cafes and plenty of shops. Most well-known carriers fly to Changi from all major cities of India (from Jet Airways, Air India, Singapore Airlines, to IndiGo)
Singapore is connected to Malaysia, Johor Bahru and Kuala Lumpur by rail, with a route to Bangkok. Trains depart from and arrive at the Tanjong Pagar MRT station Singapore. Check the train schedules before visiting here.
Singapore is increasingly being used as a base for cruises throughout South East Asia. There are regular ferry services to Harbour Front (earlier known as World Trade Centre), Marina Bay Cruise Centre (Marina Bay), Tanah Merah Ferry Terminal (East Coast), Changi Point Ferry Terminal (near the airport) and Changi Ferry Terminal from Malaysia and Indonesia. These cruises offer an experience of a lifetime and are a great way to reach Singapore. Major cruise operators such as Royal Caribbean, Star Cruises offer ideal sea vacations while reaching Singapore.
Singapore has a highly developed market economy, based historically on extended entrepot trade. Along with Hong Kong, South Korea, and Taiwan, Singapore is one of the original Four Asian Tigers, but has surpassed its peers in terms of GDP per capita. Between 1965 and 1995, growth rates averaged around 6 per cent per annum, transforming the living standards of the population.
The education system in Singapore has been noted to be one of the best in the world. In the 2015 International Baccalaureate exams taken in 107 countries, Singapore students fared best with more than half of the world's 81 perfect scorers and 98% passing rate. In the 2016 EF English Proficiency Index taken in 72 countries, Singapore place 6th and has been the only Asian country in the top ten. Singapore literature students have won the Angus Ross Prize by Cambridge Examinations every year since 1987 (except in 2000), awarded to the top A-level English literature student outside Britain, with about 12,000 international candidates.
Singapore consists of 63 islands, including the main island, Pulau Ujong. There are two-man-made connections to Johor, Malaysia: the Woodlands 1st Link in the north and the Tuas 2nd Link in the west. Jurong Island, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin and Sentosa are the largest of Singapore's smaller islands. The highest natural point is Bukit Timah Hill at 163.63 m (537 ft). Under British rule, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands were part of Singapore, but were later transferred over to Australia in 1957. Pedra Branca, an outlying island which now belongs to Singapore after the dispute, is the nation's easternmost point.
The National University of Singapore has produced numerous notable alumni including 5 Singapore Presidents and Prime Ministers. This list included those who attended or graduated from the predecessor institutions: King Edward VII College of Medicine, Raffles College and the University of Singapore.
• Aloysius Cheang - Managing Director (Asia-Pacific) for the Cloud Security Alliance
• Anthony Yeo - Counselor
• Balaji Sadasivan - Former Chairman of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization
• James Seng - Singaporean Internet Pioneer
• Kanwaljit Soin - Consultant Orthopedic & Hand surgeon
• Margaret Chan - Director General of the World Health Organization
• Miranda Yap - Executive Director of the Bioprocessing Technology Institute at the Agency for Science, Technology and Research
• Robert Tan - Physician, Author and Medical Director
• Tien Wong - Unit Head of the Retinal Vascular Imaging Centre (RetVIC) within the Centre for Eye Research Australia
Universities and Research centres
National University of Singapore
Nanyang Technological University
Singapore University of Technology & Design
INSTITUTE OF MATERIALS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING
School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Centre for Advanced 2D Materials
Centre for BioImaging Sciences (CBIS)
Graphene Research Centre
Nanobiology and New Biomaterials (Leong Lab)
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Initiative
Tourism in Singapore is a major industry and contributor to the Singaporean economy, attracting 17.4 million international tourists in 2017, more than 3 times of Singapore's total population. It is also environmentally friendly, and maintains natural and heritage conservation programs. Along with this, it also has one of the world's lowest crime rates. As English is the dominant one of its four official languages, it is generally easier for tourists to understand when speaking to the local population of the country, for example, when shopping. Transport in Singapore exhaustively covers most, if not all public venues in Singapore, which increases convenience for tourists. This includes the well-known Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system. Singapore is the 5th most visited city in the world, and 2nd in Asia-Pacific.