Medical nurse promotes, advocates for, and strives to protect the health, safety, and rights of the patient. Whether calling attention to a potential medication error, helping the rest of the healthcare team hear a patient’s voice or shaping policy by speaking from first-hand experience, patient advocacy is fundamental to nursing.
Surgical nurses work in a dynamics and challenging environment making a key role in life-saving surgical procedure and surrounding care. Surgical nurses are the backbone of the surgical team. Because day-to-day duties often vary according to their level of expertise.
A surgical nurse found around operating tables assisting surgeons with both elective and life-saving procedures. These specialty nurses assist with all sorts of tasks before, during, and after surgical procedures, without surgical nurses, it would be almost impossible for surgeons to do their jobs well.
Surgical nurses should be proficient in the life sciences, including the fundamentals of chemistry, biology, and anatomy. Aspiring surgical nurses should also possess certain personality traits. Because nurses will often deal with patients in discomfort or pain, compassion and the ability to communicate well are both essential qualities. Surgical nurses should also be able to manage critically and have keen observance. Often nurses will need to monitor patients and any change in symptoms or behavior may be a sign that the patient needs medical attention.
Theoretical and practical training with the propose of their duties as nursing care profession. Mainly clinical skill training is an important part of nursing education. Identifying the core competencies for leaders in nursing education provides evidence for strong faculty leadership roles that promote the success of faculty, nursing students, and nursing education. Nurses had to move abroad to advance their career and professional growth in this field. Practically professional’s nurses are at any level able to provide care for patients.
Making nursing the largest workforce within the healthcare industry. Nursing management processes like planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. It is common for registered nurses to seek additional education to earn a Master of Science in Nursing or Doctor of Nursing Practice to prepare for leadership roles within nursing. Management positions its mandatory to an advanced degree in nursing. Nursing management exits of the performance of the leadership functions of governance and decision-making within organizations employing nurses.
Management responsibility of nursing units is the key role of the nurse manager. She is an interface between the staff and administration which is the flow of communication supported.
Clinical nursing attention on research and theory in map out diagnoses and promoting wellness. Providing evidence-based advanced nursing care according to their specialty. Clinical nurse specialist has a master degree or a postmaster certificate. A doctorate degree is necessary for those wishing to conduct research. Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) bring forth direct care to patients in one of the ranges of specialties such as emergency, Cardiac, surgical, maternity care and Pediatric. They also serve as consultants, assisting other medical professionals working to improve patient outcomes and influence all level of care.
The perioperative period begins when the patient is informed of the need for surgery, includes the surgical procedure and recovery, and continues until the patient resumes his or her usually actives. The surgical experience can be segregated into three phases
(1)Pre-operative care: Right before surgery, they often are assigned duties such as taking the patient’s vital signs, and prepping the patient in any way necessary for the upcoming procedure. Nurses are responsible for educating patients about all details of the operation, as well as providing instructions for postoperative self-care.
(2)Intraoperative care: At the time of surgery the role of the nurse to alert all members of the surgical team, if the patient’s vital signs were to behave irregularly for some reason. Nurses are often responsible for the careful monitoring of the patient’s vital signs, as well as running the surgical equipment throughout the procedure.
(3)Post-operative care: Nurses monitor the patient after the operation to look after everything runs smoothly with the recovery. Also, surgical nurses are given post-operative care instructions by the surgeon, which may include tasks such as the administration of medication to the patient.
A general surgical nursing concern with diseases necessitates the skin, breast, soft tissue, trauma, peripheral vascular surgery, and hernias and performs endoscopic procedures such as gastroscopy and colonoscopy. They mainly focus attention on abdominal contents including esophagus, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, stomach, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland.
Surgical site infections (SSI) are among the most common complications in hospitalized patients and have serious consequences for treatment outcomes and costs. Surgical site infection rates and adherence to infection control measures were observed in a general surgery unit. Surgeons and device experts have been trying to crack the SSI nut for years. Prevention of SSI requires addressing the causes. Although some of the risks are difficult to control, adequate skin antisepsis is a promising way to decrease rates of SSI, because contamination from bacteria at the surgical site is a necessary precursor to infection.
Emergency nurses care for patients in the emergency or critical phase of their illness or injury, also life-threatening problems and are trained to help solve them on the spot. Emergency Nurses treat patients in emergency situations where they’re experiencing trauma or injury.
During this assessment, they must determine which patients need medical attention faster than others. They must be able to assess each of their patients quickly and as accurately as possible. For example, an unconscious man who was in a serious car accident will take precedence over an infant with a low-grade fever, even if the infant was “first in line”.
Cancer nursing and oncology is the field of medicine that is devoted to cancer. Clinical oncology consists of three primary disciplines: Medical oncology, surgical oncology, and radiation oncology. Nurses have a huge set of responsibilities for handling a patient with cancer. Nursing care involves assessment, support for therapies (e.g., chemotherapy, radiation, etc.), pain control, promoting nutrition, and emotional support.
Critical nursing is some of the most in-demand nursing in this field. They work long hours and stressful work environments often make this career extremely challenging and both physically and emotionally. In case of unstable, unconscious, with erratic or extremely unhealthy vital signs are considered as critical condition. Many of these patients could also possibly be close to death. Because of this, the care that critical patients receive should be top-notch and highly specialized.
A Nurse is truly taking on a career in caring, Monitoring and providing care to children and infants for those who decide to specialize in pediatrics. Pediatric Nurse who take on additional responsibilities such as prescribing medications, performing developmental screenings, and administering immunizations. Pediatric nurses and doctors can help children grow up strong and healthy by monitoring growth and development, and taking care of illnesses and health issues early.
The nervous system is one of the most important and complex systems in the human body, or perhaps even on the planet. Injury or illness to any part of the nervous system will often result in devastating consequences, which can range from paralysis to psychosis to death. This network of nerve cells, fibers, and neurons plays a part in every bodily function, including thoughts, sensations, and movements – just to name a few. Neuroscience is one of the most difficult specialties to master.
Neuroscience nurses work with patients suffering from strokes and birth defects that have affected the nervous system. Neuroscience nursing professional that helps patients suffering from neurological problems. This can include injuries, such as head and spinal trauma from accidents, or illnesses, such as Parkinson’s disease, meningitis, encephalitis, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis.
Cardiac nurses outstanding in diagnosing treat and manage conditions that affect the complex cardiovascular system. They work to promote optimal cardiovascular health among clients through preventative measures that involve health counseling, screening, and stress tests, as well as disease prevention and management strategies. They also provide care to patients with coronary heart disease, providing post-operative care to those recovering from bypass surgery or heart transplant. Cardiac nurses provide cardiac care to patients across the lifespan, which may include new-borns with heart defects or elderly patients with advanced stage heart disease.