Nuclear reactions artificially obtained to produce the nuclear energy. Nuclear reactions may be shown in a form similar to chemical equations, for which invariant mass must be balance for each side of the equation and in which transformations of particles must follow certain conservation laws. There are different types of nuclear reactions like nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.
Nuclear Radiation is the energy in the process of being transmitted due to reaction. It may take in such forms as light, tiny particles which are too small to see. These all are considered as non-ionizing radiation though at least some ultraviolet radiation is considered to be ionizing.
- Types of Radiation
- Effects of Radiation
Nuclear Medicine is a speciality involving the application of radioactive substance in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. In nuclear medicine imaging radiopharmaceuticals are taken internally which will be helpful for capturing the image by the emission of radiation from these radiopharmaceuticals.
Nuclear law is the law related to the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. This nuclear law has distinct aspects i.e the protection against the radiation hazards connected with the peaceful application of nuclear energy and radioactive substances and the prevention of non-peaceful uses of nuclear energy by means of safeguard systems.
The effect of nuclear is seen in every organism of the environment from bacteria to plant to human beings. The damage it causes depends on the level of radiation and the resiliency of the organism. Radiation causes molecules to lose electrons thus destroying it. High doses of radiation can be devastating to the environment.
- Human health
There are many applications on the nuclear technology which are used directly or indirectly. The nuclear technologies working with the different isotopes of the same element. Nuclear technology can be used for the other applications in various fields like industries, military, agriculture, medicine etc.
Recently there are a lot of tracking trends are going on the nuclear energy supply and demand around the globe in all fields like climate change, environment, energy safety etc. these inventions are also giving significant research on reactors, fuel cycle, designs.