4th International Conference on

Nutrition

Vancouver, Canada   October 16-17, 2019

Scientific Program

Keynote Session:

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Mark Woodward photo

Mark Woodward

University of Oxford, UK

Title: Cardiovascular Disease, Classical Risk Factors and Nutrition: The role of sex differences

Biography:

Mark Woodward PhD F Med Science works at the George Institute for Global Health. He is Professor of Statistics and Epidemiology at the University of Oxford, UK, Professor of Medical Statistics at the University of New South Wales, Australia and Adjunct Professor of Epidemiology at Johns Hopkins University, USA. His main research areas are cardiovascular disease, renal disease and diabetes. His recent work has had a particular focus on sex differences, in which he has a leadership role at the George Institute. He has published two text-books on medical statistics and well over 600 peer-reviewed publications. In each of the last five years, Professor Woodward was named by Thomson Reuters/Clarivate Analytics as one of ‘The World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds’.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem:

Cardiovascular disease is the under-recognized primary cause of death and disability in women worldwide, both in high- and low-income populations. One of its major risk factors is obesity, which is a major factor in the development of diabetes. Evidence suggests that obesity is increasing more in women than men. In turn, diabetes is itself a leading risk factor for CVD, with a greater effect on women than men. Nutrition is a basic issue in this chain of causality, and hence sex differences in nutrition are of fundamental importance. Methodology and Theoretical Orientation: Meta-analyses were used to identify sex differences in the obesity-diabetes-CVD triad. Cross-sectional data on over 200,000 people (52% women) in the UK Bio bank were used to explore sex differences in macronutrient intakes and adherence to dietary recommendations. Findings: Men had greater intakes of energy but were less likely to have energy intakes above the estimated average requirement compared with women. For all macronutrients, men had greater absolute intakes while women had greater intakes as a percentage of energy. Women were more likely to have intakes that exceeded recommendations for total fat, saturated fat and total sugar. Men were less likely to achieve the minimum recommended intakes for protein, polyunsaturated fat and total carbohydrate. Sex differences in dietary intakes were moderated by age and, to some extent, by socioeconomic status. Conclusion & Significance: There are significant sex differences in adherence to dietary recommendations, particularly for sugar. Dietary interventions and advice may need a specific focus on women, as part of a recommended life-course approach to women’s health (Bennett et al, BMJ Open, 2018).

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Jerome Foucaud photo

Jerome Foucaud

National Institute of cancer, France

Title: Awareness of nutritional risk factors for cancer among the french population: The french cancer barometer

Biography:

Jerome Foucaud holds a PhD in Humanities sciences. He is the Head of the department for research in Humanities and Social Sciences, Epidemiology and Public Health at the French National Cancer Institute. In this National Health and Scientific Agency for cancer control, he is charge to build up research and to lead the elaboration of data evidence about cancer in Humanities and Social Sciences. He is also associated researcher to the Health Education and Practices Laboratory (LEPS EA 3412). In parallel of these activities, he teaches patient education in different universities in France

Abstract:

Biography:

 

Jerome Foucaud holds a PhD in Humanities sciences. He is the Head of the department for research in Humanities and Social Sciences, Epidemiology and Public Health at the French National Cancer Institute. In this National Health and Scientific Agency for cancer control, he is charge to build up research and to lead the elaboration of data evidence about cancer in Humanities and Social Sciences. He is also associated researcher to the Health Education and Practices Laboratory (LEPS EA 3412). In parallel of these activities, he teaches patient education in different universities in France.

 

Abstract:

 

Statement of the Problem:

Different factors are known to increase or decrease cancer risk (e.g., tobacco use, alcohol, diet). To date, few national studies have been conducted to investigate individuals’ perceptions, attitudes and behaviors linked to these factors to adapt national prevention strategies and to raise public awareness on cancer. In this line, the French Cancer Barometer, a population-based-survey, is carried out every five years. However, individuals’ perceptions on nutritional risk factors have been little studied to date. Hence, our aims are: (1) to identify the least perceived nutritional risk factors for cancer, and (2) to assess the evolution of the French population perceptions on cancer risks over time (2010-2015).

Methodology:

A randomly selected sample of participants aged 15-75 years (n=3345 in 2010) and 15-85 years (n=3764 in 2015), representative of the French population, were interviewed. Questions on perception of diet, physical activity, obesity and breastfeeding as cancer risk factors were asked. Findings: In 2015, nutritional factors were well perceived by the participants as having an important role in cancer development: diet (90.8%), physical activity (70%), obesity (76%); except for breastfeeding (34%). Some diet factors were also moderately perceived, such as the benefits of fruits and vegetables (58.1%) or the risks of red meat (43%) and salt and salted foods (55%) consumption. Age and education were associated to the perception of nutritional risk factors. In 2015, compared to 2010, nutritional risk factors were more perceived, and participants had stronger opinion.

Conclusion & Significance:

Nutrition is perceived by the French population in 2010 and 2015 as an important factor in cancer development, but some factors are still not very well perceived in 2015.Demographic variables associated to a lesser perception are highlighted. Thus, recommendations to improve prevention strategies and to raise public awareness are made.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Shahryar Eghtesadi photo

Shahryar Eghtesadi

Azad University School of Medical Sciences and research, Iran

Title: Study of the Association of the Dietary Pattern and Chronic Diseases Effective Factors on the General Health Condition of Tehrans Opposite Gender Adult Twins

Biography:

Dr. Shahryar Eghtesadi received Bachelor degree in Nutrition Science and Food Chemistry 1975, from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran; MSPH degree in Nutrition, 1977, from Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran and PhD from University of  California at Davis(UCD), USA, in Nutrition (1985). He  served as Visiting Scientist in USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging (HNRCA),Tufts University, Boston, USA (1994-1995); Full professor of Tabriz, Iran and Tehran Universities of Medical Sciences and currently serves  as Professor of Azad University, Science & Research Branch,Tehran . He  was the chairs of Departments of Nutrition and Biochemistry, Biochemistry & Clinical Nutrition, Public Health Nutrition and Nutrition  in aforementioned Universities. Also Served as Associate Dean of  School of Public Health & Nutrition and Dean of School of Public Health of Tabriz and Iran Universities of Medical Sciences respectively.He was selected as distinguished professor and Scientist, for long and extended period of time, experienced  teaching various courses in nutrition in undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate and  international Bureau  programs and directed  many projects and dissertation of MS and PhD programs and Published numerous peer reviewed articles in journals and also edited several books and finally served as Principal Investigator of World Bank Project for Capacity Building in Nutrition in Iran.

Abstract:

Statement of problem:
 
Few studies have examined dietary patterns among Twins and as far as we know, no study has been carried out in Iran by far. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between dietary patterns and chronic disease’s effective factors on the general health condition of Tehran’s Opposite Gender Adult Twins.
 
Methodology&Theroretical Orientation :
 
A group of 132(66 pair) Opposite Gender Twins participated in this cross-sectional study. For all participants Semi-quantitative food frequency, International Physical Activity, General Health and general questionnaires were completed and their anthropometric characteristics, body composition and blood Pressure were determined. Factor analysis was used to identify major dietary patterns. Association between general health with dietary patterns and chronic disease effective factors were estimated using logistic regression analysis.
 
Findings: Two major dietary patterns(western & healthy) were identified. Significant differences between first and second Twins were observed in physical activity, body mass index and intakes of glucose, fructose and maltose. The results showed that after adjustment for confounding factors, in first Twins,only birth weight and physical activity, whereas , in second Twins besides birth weight, gender, marital state and body fat percentage were among the most significant factors in determining general health of participants.
Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Rose Marie Boylan photo

Rose Marie Boylan

Registered Dietitian, Canada

Title: Sexual Assault, Body Identity & Disordered Eating: Food & Mind-Body Medicine for Improving Health Outcomes

Biography:

Rose-Marie Boylan, BSc. M.A. is a Dietitian by trade. She has worked across 6 of the largest pharmaceutical companies for over 27 years, and 4 smaller organizations. She has specialized in patient access to medicines, patient reported outcomes, health & economics, policy influence for patient self-sovereignty. In parallel, Rose-Marie has researched for over 13 years social, civil and political cost-consequence & cost-benefits of psychiatry, transpersonal psychology & human flourishing in violence survivors. This includes a cost-consequence model. She completed her Masters in 2009 in Leadership Studies with research on the optimum levels that humans can attain in a life time for developing the highest levels of moral, emotional & cognitive intelligence through self-actualization & post-traumatic growth. Leveraging the research of Abraham Maslow & Jane Loevinger on ego development she developed a model which defines mind health vs. psychopathologies. Additionally for 13 years Rose-Marie studied mind-body medicine with the likes of Dr. Herbert Benson from Harvard’s Mind Body Institute, Jon Kabat- Zin, Saki Santorelli from the University of Massachusetts School of Preventive & Behavioral Medicine. Additionally researching all forms of meditation, therapeutic & mindfulness yoga teacher trainings which she has taught to trauma survivors & professionals in crisis.

Abstract:

Problem Identification:

According to RAINN.org (2017), “every 98 seconds an American is sexually assaulted. When broken down one in 4 girls and one in six boys before the age of 18 will experience some form of sexual abuse. One in five women and one in 16 men are sexually assaulted in college.” (National Sexual Violence Resource Center,  2015). “Sexual assault is underreported, with only 63% of cases reported to authorities and just 12% of child sexual abuse cases.”(NSVRC, 2015) How the female psyche responds to sexual assault and boundary violations is different than males.

Clinical decision-making:

Following sexual assault it is expected that the subject will experience trauma-related symptoms. “In fact, up to 94% of women who are raped have experience post-traumatic stress disorder.” (Barbash, E. 2017) Up to “70% of sexual assault survivors experience moderate to severe distress, larger than any other violent crime according to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2015.” Females who experience sexual assault and/or violence may have a predisposition to self-harm vs. harming others.

Self-harm can range in addictive, high-risk or other harmful behaviors. Following the experience of trauma theremay be underlying neurobiological mechanisms at play which can lead to disordered eating. Disordered eating may include binge eating, food addictions, Hedonic eating, bulimia and anorexia nervosa.

In this research we introduce how trauma-related events when treated with healthy & empowering interventions can improve recovery and lead to better health outcomes. Trauma when treated with positive psychology principles may improve mind health & ego development in humans when addressed appropriately within a framework of creating post-traumatic growth. The research has been done over 13 years including a Master’s in leadership Studies reviewing the most developed brain systems cognitively, emotionally & morally for social progress & human flourishing. We have evaluated historical practices from the Vedic Sciences, psychiatry,nutritional sciences to develop a model for improving health economic and patient-reported outcomes following sexual assault. The model includes mindful eating, mindfulness meditation and food as medicine for grounding the subject after trauma. These techniques may promote better health outcomes for the nervous system reducing subject related reactions to memories.

Stress arousal has an impact on arousing the sympathetic nervous system response. Other interventions including certain nutritious foods can disengage stress arousal stimulating the parasympathetic nervous system response for grounding and calming the survivor. We discuss the role sympathetic nervous system response has in producing “fight, flight or freeze” responses upon arousal. We further elaborate on historical practices from the Vedic sciences, nutrition and the role they can play with mind-body medicine at accelerating recovery.

Oral Session 1:

  • Prevention and managemant of Diabetes| Advancement in treatment and diagnosis| Obesity weight management and bariatric surgery| Oral