There is a close relationship between the oral and physical condition. Dentistry also influences the whole body health. The concept of focal infection is very old, but this concept was declining as well as evolution of antibiotics. However, an infection disease of a tooth root apex or periodontitis has a harmful influence on the whole body. I will show the case of Parkinson’s disease may be caused by it. The cause of dementia is a decline of brain function. Loss of teeth or inappropriate occlusion may deteriorate brain function, so it is possible to improve dementia by occlusal treatment by means of artificial teeth etc. Focus of infection in oral area or allergy of dental materials especially metals may cause dermatitis. Occlusion (biting situation) is very fundamental concept of dentistry. However, ideal occlusion for the whole body health has not clarified yet. I believe one of the best methods to search the ideal occlusion is Bi-Digital O-Ring Test. This method is one of the muscle reflections, so it is easy and safe. This test is useful to select the biocompatible dental materials, too. Elements of dentistry which influence whole body health are variety. Recently, it is clarified that periodontitis and diabetes influence each other mutually. Sports players are required to wear the mouse guards by several sports. Occlusal condition is changed by it, therefore the quality of mouth guard influences the whole body condition or supports performance. Making ideal occlusion may promote supports performance.
Prof.Dr Rashad Murad currently serves as Ambassador of ICOI-Syria. He is the Chief Director of Dental Association in Damascus. , Professor at Damascus University, Inventor of "Murad Bridge in Dentistry", General Manager and owner of Advanced Dental Care Syria For Treatment and Cosmetic Dentistry Center.
Dental implants are by far the best choice for tooth replacement. They should closely mimic the function of natural teeth. Modern implants have high success rate – about 95%- when they are inserted properly and followed up so they can last for lifetime. So many factors and considerations influence the success of dental implants, These include treatment-planning, surgical, and prosthetic keys.
When considering patient selection and implant treatment planning, there are several factors that must be considered when using implant therapy. Beyond the simple idea of replacing a missing tooth with an implant, a careful analysis of patients’ oral and systemic health, the amount of residual supporting tissues, and the planned restoration must all factor into the planning of dental implants. Much of this information can only be accurately obtained by careful and diagnostic photographs and models followed by diagnostic wax-up of the planned prosthesis. Using the Rules of Six and the Rules of 10, it is possible to plan for implant restorations that have sufficient restorative space to not only provide an aesthetic outcome but also provide for prosthetic longevity leading to great success.
Intentional replantation (IR) is a concept that has been known for over a thousand years, it is defined by Grossman (1966) as an atraumatic extraction of a tooth and its reinsertion into its socket immediately after endodontic treatment and apical repair is done extra-orally. Some authors consider intentional replantation to be a last option; whereas others consider, it was another treatment modality. However, in cases where a dental implant, non-surgical retreatment or surgical treatment is not possible, intentional replantation may be a viable treatment option. Recent case reports have demonstrated that, with good case selection, intentional replantation can be a reliable and predictable procedure. The sensitive portion of the treatment is removal of the tooth traumatically. In the presentation, some cases of Intentional replantation will be reviewed that show the feasibility of the procedure in different situations.
Dentin hypersensitivity is a common condition that is frequently encountered in dental practice. The goal of treatment of dentinal hypersensitivity ideally should be the restoration of the original impermeability of the dentinal tubules and the relief of dentinal hypersensitivity experienced by the patient or at least to reduce the level of discomfort to enable the patient's quality of life to be maintained. Bio-glass has the effectiveness of mineralization and infiltration of dentinal tubules. Laser treatment indentin hypersensitivity is an interesting and controversial issue and many investigations have been done on its mechanism of action, advantages and unclear points. This novel treatment approach aims at the assimilation of both bioglass and laser in providing a viable treatment option for dentin hypersensitivity.
Ai Harada has completed his graduation in Dentistry from Tokushima University, Japan.
The patient has presented with the neck pain stretching out to the shoulder area, the pain increases when the left arm is stretched to the back. Her left toes also sometimes go numb. Some example of electromagnetic hypersensitivity (ES) symptoms are muscle pain, going the body stiff, etc., so it was examined whether her symptom changed when her mouth was covered with aluminum foil decreasing electromagnetic waves. As a result, her left arm pain stretched to the back was disappeared immediately after her mouth was covered with the aluminum foil. Therefore, at this case, the pain could be caused not by heavy metal contamination and malocclusion but by collected electromagnetic waves. The most influenced dental treatment material around was a dental amalgam filling. The dental amalgam filling was removed under the protective covering. After removing the dental amalgam, the pain was decreased and enlarged range of motion. In addition, the numbness of her left toes improved. Because the symptom decreased immediately after removing amalgam filling, the cause of the pain and the range of motion could be more harmful effect of electromagnetic waves than heavy metal contamination. With the electro-mobiles, smartphones, personal computers, etc. are popular, the amount of electromagnetic waves come large, so in dental treatments the effects of electromagnetic waves must be considered.
Dr. Jones is presently the Starkey Research Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Indiana University School of Dentistry and Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine. From 1993 to 2005, he was Dean of the School of Health Sciences, Indiana University Purdue University, in Fort Wayne, Indiana. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, Fellow of the American College of Dentists, Fellow of the International College of Dentists and a member of the Pierre Fauchard Academy.
Dr. Jones has published over 100 articles, book chapters and research abstracts in the dental, medical and education literature. He has obtained over 6.3 million dollars in educational, service, training and research grants. He has presented over 150 continuing education courses in the United States, the Caribbean, Europe, Asia, South America and the Middle East on a variety of topics related to higher education.
The number of children with caries requiring general anesthesia to achieve comprehensive dental care and the demand for dentist anesthesiologists to provide ambulatory anesthesia for these patients is increasing. In 2010, the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Clinical Outcomes Registry was developed. This Web-based database allows providers of ambulatory anesthesia to track patient demographics and various outcomes of procedures. This presentation reviews a secondary analysis of data collected in the registry over a 4-year period, 2010–2014. Of the 7041 cases reviewed, no cases resulted in serious complications, including death, anaphylaxis, aspiration, cardiovascular adverse events, or neurologic adverse events. Of the 7041 cases reviewed, 196 (3.0%) resulted in a predischarge or postdischarge adverse event. The predischarge adverse event occurring with the highest frequency was laryngospasm, occurring in 35 cases (0.50%). The postdischarge adverse event occurring with the highest frequency was nausea, reported by 99 patients (5.0%) for the 1991patients reached for follow-up by the dentist anesthesiologist following their procedure. This analysis provides strong clinical outcomes data to support the safety of office-based anesthesia as performed by dentist anesthesiologists in the treatment of pediatric dental patients. Example of a “typical” patient procedure will be presented for discussion.
Periodontitis and peri-implantitis are chronic inflammatory diseases caused by microorganisms residing in subgingival biofilm. Elimination of pathogen-containing biofilms remains the primary goal of the treatment for these diseases. The topical use of a low-cost, broad-spectrum antiseptic agent with low potential for adverse reactions is preferable in treating periodontitis or peri-implantitis. Ozone (O3) is attracting attention as a possible alternative antiseptic in the dental field as well as food industries. The high stability of Ozone Ultrafine Bubble Water (OUFBW) allows for bottling and use as a disinfectant solution. In my presentation, the bactericidal activity biocompatibility against human oral cells of OUFBW will be introduced. The OUFBW possesses potent bactericidal activity against several kinds of bacteria such as periodontopathic and cariogenic bacteria and is not cytotoxic to cells of human oral tissues. The use of NBW3 as an adjunct to the therapy for periodontitis and peri-implantitis would be promising.
Polymicrobial interactions with the host in both health and disease will be discussed. So far we have attempted to identify specific bacterial clonal types of periodontal diseases, however, we have to learn more concerning their contribution to both oral health and disease. Recent studies suggested that host-associated polymicrobial communities are an integral part of us. Understanding the microbial community factors that support the associations with host tissue that contribute to periodontal health may also reveal how disbiotic oral communities disrupt periodontal tissue functions. On the other hand, periodontitis has been implicated as a risk factor for various systemic diseases. Dysbiosis in oral cavity might cause systemic changes other than the destruction of periodontal tissue. We have to develop strategies to prevent the dysbiotic state for obtaining periodontal and systemic health.
Shigeo Shirono is a Director and Chief Dentist of Shirono Dental Clinic in Japan Yokohama city.