Clinical Pharmacy is the field of pharmacy practice in which Pharmacists provides better patient care that improves medication therapy and will improve health and disease prevention. The overall goal line of clinical pharmacy is to uphold the correct and appropriate use of prescription and non-prescription medicinal products and devices, and to minimize side effects and adverse effects. Clinical Pharmacists depend on their professional relationships with patients to tailor their advice to best meet individual patient needs and desires
The duties of the Hospital Pharmacists is to be part of the medication management in hospitals, which encompasses the process in which medicines are selected, procured, delivered, prescribed, administered and reviewed to optimize the contribution that medicines make in generating informed and desired outcomes to enhance the safety and quality of all medicine related processes affecting patients in the hospital to ensure the 7 “rights” are respected: right patient, right dose, right route, right time, right drug with the right information and documentation.
Drug development is the process of bringing a new pharmaceutical drug to the market once a lead compound has been identified through the process of drug discovery. It includes pre-clinical research on microorganisms and animals, filing for regulatory status, such as via the United States Food and Drug Administration for an investigational new drug to initiate clinical trials on humans, and may include the step of obtaining regulatory approval with a new drug application to market the drug.
Industrial Pharmacy as the same indicates the field of manufacturing, marketing and distribution of drug products including Quality assurance of these activities. The pharmaceutical industry is made up of a large number of different areas which all form part of the journey of drug discovery to marketing and sales of a medicine. Pharmacists are in the fortunate position of being able to contribute professionally at almost any point along this journey.
Clinical pharmacy is deemed an integral component of a health care system. The presence of clinical pharmacists in medical rounds could assist physicians in optimizing patients’ pharmacotherapy. Moreover, clinical pharmacists may reduce adverse effects and medication errors insofar as they contribute significantly to the detection and management of drug-related problems, not least in patients with cardiovascular diseases, who have the highest rank in the frequency of medication errors. Clinical pharmacists can also collaborate with physicians in the management of cardiovascular risk factors as well as anticoagulation therapy based on patients’ specific situations.
Pharmacists are employed in regulatory control and drug management, hospital pharmacy, community pharmacy, the pharmaceutical industry, academic activities, training of other health workers and research. In all these fields, their aim is to ensure optimum drug therapy, both by contributing to the preparation, supply and control of medicines and associated products and by providing information and advice to those who prescribe or use pharmaceutical products. With the development of specific and potent synthetic drugs, the emphasis of the Pharmacist’s responsibility has moved substantially towards the utilization of scientific knowledge in the proper use of modern medicines and the protection of the public against dangers that are inherent in their use.
Clinical pharmacology connects the gap between medical practice and laboratory science. The main objective is to promote the safety of prescription, maximize the drug effects and minimize the side effects. It is important that there are associations with pharmacists skilled in areas of drug information, medication safety and other aspects of pharmacy practice related to clinical pharmacology. Clinical pharmacologists must have access to enough outpatients for clinical care, teaching and education, and researchers will be supervised by medical specialists. Their responsibilities to patients include, but are not limited to analyzing adverse drug effects, therapeutics, and toxicology including reproductive toxicology, cardiovascular risks.
Based on International Pharmaceutical Federation the guidelines for Good Pharmaceutical Practice were first placed in 1993. And further used as reference by governments, National Pharmaceutical Organizations and international pharmaceutical organizations in order to set up nationally accepted standards. The aim is to "contribute to health improvement and to help patients with Diseases & health problems to make the best use of their medicines
A poison control system may be a medical facility that's able to offer immediate, free, and professional treatment recommendation and help over the telephone just in case of exposure to poisonous or risky substances. And in drug analysis unit that determines the security and effectiveness of medicines, devices, and diagnostic product and treatment regimens supposed for human use. These are also used for interference, treatment, designation or for relieving symptoms of an illness.
Ambulatory Care Pharmacy is a new focus for pharmacists and work in both an institutional and community-based clinic involved in direct care of diverse patients. Ambulatory care pharmacy practice is the provision of integrated, accessible patient health care services by pharmacists who are responsible for addressing medication needs, developing sustained partnerships with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community.
Home Health Care Pharmacy specializes in home health care products, sport medicine products, support stockings, surgical appliances, mobility aids, scooters, lift-chairs, beds, wheelchairs and rentals. Direct billing to private insurance plans, Expired medication disposal, Free diabetic needle disposal containers to diabetic Super Thrifty customers, Free blood pressure testing for customers, Convenience medication packaging. Pharmacy provides a large selection of healthcare and home medical equipment that helps public to be safe and independent in the home.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, about 75% of pharmacy technicians in the U.S. work in a retail setting, such as an independently owned drugstore, a mass retailer chain, or a mail-order or online pharmacy. An additional 16% of pharmacy technician jobs were in hospitals, while others worked for nursing homes, pharmaceutical wholesalers, or the Federal Government. Assistant pharmacists, also referred to as pharmacy aides, work with pharmacists and pharmacy technicians in a variety of settings, from retail stores to hospitals. Assistant pharmacists perform administrative duties and work directly with customers to meet their prescription needs. While becoming an assistant pharmacist doesn't typically require formal education after high school, it does necessitate customer service and clerical skills.