Nano science and nanotechnology involve the ability to see and to control individual atoms and molecules. Everything on Earth is made up of atoms—the food we eat, the clothes we wear, the buildings and houses we live in, and our own bodies. But something as small as an atom is impossible to see with the naked eye. In fact, it’s impossible to see with the microscopes typically used in a high school science classes. The microscopes needed to see things at the Nano scale were invented relatively recently—about 30 years ago. Nano materials are chemical substances or materials that are manufactured and used at a very small scale. Nano materials are developed to exhibit novel characteristics compared to the same material without Nano scale features, such as increased strength, chemical reactivity or conductivity. Join with us at Nanotechnology 2020 to know more briefly on Nano technology and Nano materials.
Nanofabrication is the design and manufacture of devices with dimensions measured in nanometres. One nanometre is meter, or a millionth of a millimetre. Nanofabrication is of interest to computer engineers because it opens the door to super-high-density microprocessor s and memory chip s. It has been suggested that each data bit could be stored in a single atom. Carrying this further, a single atom might even be able to represent a byte or word of data. Nanofabrication has also caught the attention of the medical industry, the military, and the aerospace industry. Much of the interest in nanotechnology stems from these unique quantum and surface phenomena that matter exhibits at the Nano scale. As the majority of the atoms in these nanostructures are a short distance from the surface, the optical and electrical properties of these systems can be strongly modified by changes in their environment, allowing a host of applications particularly in sensing. In recent years the techniques for growing and fabricating nanoscale materials have matured significantly, to the point where researchers are able to tailor their properties toward particular applications, allowing the production of truly functional nanomaterials, which utilise these properties and allow the fabrication of range of new and exciting technologies. In the NEC group we are investigating many different functional nanomaterials, such as metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanowires and carbon nanotubes for a range of applications including physical, chemical and environmental sensors, energy scavenging materials, low-cost transparent conductors and optoelectronic devices. Be a part of this Nanotechnology 2020 conference and explore more knowledge on Nanofabrication and functional Nano materials.
Materials technology is a relatively comprehensive discipline that begins with the production of goods from raw materials to processing of materials into the shapes and forms needed for specific applications. Materials - metals, plastics and ceramics - typically have completely different properties, which mean that the technologies involved in their production are fundamentally different. Materials technology is a constantly evolving discipline, and new materials with interesting properties lead to new applications. For example, the combination of different materials into composites gives rise to entirely new material properties. Materials Science is closely related to materials technology. Materials Science is a multidisciplinary field that connects material properties to the material’s chemical composition, micro-structure and crystal structure. The metallurgical industry and the production and processing of materials are very important aspects of Norwegian industry, and also offer significant added value to the economy through the export of products such as aluminium and ferrosilicon. Materials are also of very great importance in the oil and gas industry, such as in providing protection against the corrosion of steel in the marine environment. Nanotechnology 2020 invites all the participants to attend this important session.
Bio nanotechnology is a science that sits at the convergence of nanotechnology and biology. Nano biology and Nano biotechnology are other names that are used interchangeably with bio nanotechnology. The field applies the tools of nanotechnology to biological problems, creating specialized applications. Nanotechnology is usually defined as the manipulation of materials that range from the nanometre (nm) to the micrometre (um) scale. For comparison, the cells of living organisms are typically around 10 um across. That puts the machinery and components of living cells within the Nano scale size range, making them ideal for interactions with functional nanoparticles and Nano machines. Nano scale materials have unusual properties distinct from bulk materials. Some of these enhanced properties include surface area, cation exchange capacity, ion adsorption, and complexions. A high proportion of the atoms in a nanoparticle are present on its surface, meaning that compared to macro-scale materials, nanoparticles have different surface compositions, different reactivity, and different types of surface interaction sites. Never miss this scientific session at Nanotechnology 2020.
Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted much attention in the past decade. They have high specific surface area and also electronic engineering and properties that differ from their bulk counterparts due to the low dimensionality. Graphene is the best known and the most studied 2D material, but metal oxides and hydroxides (including clays), dichalcogenides, boron nitride (BN), and other materials that are one or several atoms thick are receiving increasing attention. They exhibit a combination of properties that cannot be provided by other materials. Many two-dimensional materials are synthesized by selective extraction process which is critically important when the bonds between the building blocks of the material are too strong (e.g., in carbides) to be broken mechanically in order to form Nano structures. These have a thickness of a few nanometres or less. Electrons are free to move in the two-dimensional plane, but their restricted motion in the third direction is governed by quantum mechanics. Magnetic topological insulator comprised of two-dimensional (2-D) materials has a potential of providing many interests and applications by manipulating the surfaces states like yielding quantum anomalous Hall effect giving rise to dissipation-less chiral edge current, giving axion electromagnetism and others. The chemistry of electrical, optical, thermal and mechanical properties varies in a peculiar style and these materials are applied widely in case of ambipolar electronics, transistors and so on. Join with us at Nanotechnology 2020 to enhance your knowledge on Advanced materials & material chemistry.
Materials with novel and controlled electronic, optical, and magnetic properties have widespread applications, including computers, lighting, sensors, medicine, and sustainability. Research in electronic, optical, and magnetic materials includes processing techniques for obtaining materials with controlled compositions and structures, characterization, and applications of these materials. For any electronic device to operate well, electrical current must be efficiently controlled by switching devices, which becomes challenging as systems approach very small dimensions. Venice city welcomes you to attend Nanotechnology 2020 and expect full house participants.
Scanning probe microscopy covers several related technologies for imaging and measuring surfaces on a fine scale, down to the level of molecules and groups of atoms. At the other end of the scale, a scan may cover a distance of over 100 micrometres in the x and y directions and 4 micrometres in the z direction. This is an enormous range. It can truly be said that the development of this technology is a major achievement, for it is having profound effects on many areas of science and engineering. SPM technologies share the concept of scanning an extremely sharp tip (3-50 nm radius of curvature) across the object surface. The tip is mounted on a flexible cantilever, allowing the tip to follow the surface profile (see Figure). When the tip moves in proximity to the investigated object, forces of interaction between the tip and the surface influence the movement of the cantilever. These movements are detected by selective sensors. Various interactions can be studied depending on the mechanics of the probe. Be there at nanotechnology 2020 and never miss this important session.
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are cylindrical molecules that consist of rolled-up sheets of single-layer carbon atoms (graphene). They can be single-walled (SWCNT) with a diameter of less than 1 nanometer (nm) or multi-walled (MWCNT), consisting of several concentrically interlinked nanotubes, with diameters reaching more than 100 nm. Their length can reach several micrometers or even millimeters. The detection of biological and chemical species is central to many areas of healthcare and the life sciences, ranging from uncovering and diagnosing disease to the discovery and screening of new drug molecules. Hence, the development of new devices that enable direct, sensitive, and rapid analysis of these species could impact humankind in significant ways. Devices based on nanowires are emerging as a powerful and general class of ultrasensitive, electrical sensors for the direct detection of biological and chemical species. Meetings International invites you to attend Nanotechnology 2020 and join with us in this scientific session.
Cancer therapies are currently limited to surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. All three methods risk damage to normal tissues or incomplete eradication of the cancer. Nanotechnology offers the means to target chemotherapies directly and selectively to cancerous cells and neoplasms, guide in surgical resection of tumors, and enhance the therapeutic efficacy of radiation-based and other current treatment modalities. All of this can add up to a decreased risk to the patient and an increased probability of survival. Research on nanotechnology cancer therapy extends beyond drug delivery into the creation of new therapeutics available only through use of nanomaterial properties. Although small compared to cells, nanoparticles are large enough to encapsulate many small molecule compounds, which can be of multiple types. At the same time, the relatively large surface area of nanoparticle can be functionalized with ligands, including small molecules, DNA or RNA strands, peptides, aptamers or antibodies. These ligands can be used for therapeutic effect or to direct nanoparticle fate in vivo. These properties enable combination drug delivery, multi-modality treatment and combined therapeutic and diagnostic, known as “theranostic,” action. Attend this scientific session Nanotechnology in cancer at Nanotechnology 2020.
Nano medicine is the application of nanotechnology to achieve innovation in healthcare. It uses the properties developed by a material at its Nano metric scale 10-9 m which often differ in terms of physics, chemistry or biology from the same material at a bigger scale. Moreover, the Nano metric size is also the scale of many biological mechanisms in the human body allowing nanoparticles and nanomaterials to potentially cross natural barriers to access new sites of delivery and to interact with DNA or small proteins at different levels, in blood or within organs, tissues or cells. At the Nano-scale, the surface-to-volume ratio is such that the surface properties are becoming an intrinsic parameter of the potential actions of a particle or material. Coating of the particles and functionalization of their surfaces (even on multiple levels) are in this way extremely common to increase the biocompatibility of the particle and its circulation time in the blood, as well as to ensure a highly selective binding to the desired target. Nano medicine has the potential to enable early detection and prevention and to drastically improve diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of many diseases including cancer but not only. Overall, Nano medicine has nowadays hundreds of products under clinical trials, covering all major diseases including cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, musculoskeletal and inflammatory. Enabling technologies in all healthcare areas, Nano medicine is already accounting for approximately 80 marketed products, ranging from Nano-delivery and pharmaceutical to medical imaging, diagnostics and biomaterials. Join with us in this emerging scientific session at Nanotechnology 2020.