A dietary supplements proposed to give supplements that may somehow or another not be consumed in adequate amounts. These supplements include ingredients like vitamins, fiber, fatty acids, minerals, amino acids and others. Dietary supplements marketed in various forms such as tablets, capsules, powders, liquids and some other forms. Scientific evidences prove that some of the dietary supplements can play major role in managing good health condition. Calcium and vitamin D are the important dietary supplements which help in keeping bones strong and healthy condition of the same.
Functional foods are the foods that have extra positive effect on the individual compare to the basic nutrition. The importance of functional foods is which help in reduce the risk of disease and promote optimal health condition. A good example for functional food is oatmeal which contains soluble fiber in it and that can help lower cholesterol level. Some foods are modified in order to get extra health benefits. For example, orange juice is fortified with calcium to support bone health.
Medical foods are processed nutritional products, they are specially formulated, defined and regulated under the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Medical foods are not regular foods. These foods are designed for children and adults and available in different forms. These foods are used in chronic conditions like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and others. These foods must be comprised of components designated as generally regarded as safe.
The heart is an organ, working eagerly to support our cells. Throughout our lives, our hearts are susceptible to various dangers, including coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure and arterial disease. Poor diet, insufficient exercise and smoking are the major influencing factors for the cardiovascular diseases. To keep the heart in healthy condition functional food and beverages, vitamins, dietary supplements should be a part of an individual’s lifestyle.
A healthy and balanced diet is one of main factor which play a major role in preventing and management of cardiovascular diseases. As per experts, fruits, vegetables, fiber and oily fish consumption will contribute for optimal health and wellbeing.
The body weight of an individual is determined by the difference between amount of energy that take in as food and amount of energy expend in the activities of the day. Overweight is caused because of the imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Overweight is one of the reasons that lead to many dangerous diseases. Hence, weight loss or weight management is major process to control the body weight. Thermogenic ingredients acts important role in the weight management process, because these ingredients do not contain energy themselves, yet stimulate energy expenditure. Green tea catechins-caffeine mixture is one of the good example for the thermogeniuc ingredients.
The worldwide Nutraceuticals products and Natural Medicines market has demonstrated predictable growth during the previous couple of years. This growth is due to increasing consumer spending on nutraceuticals products and natural medicine worldwide. These days, consumers are more health conscious, more mindful, and better educated on nourishment supported products that come in various forms produced in different setups like Protein powders, Baby foods , High protein food supplements, Slimming diets, Instant protein soups, Protein base for cosmetic products, Poultry and animal nutrition products and Low calorie diet food nourishments.
The acceptability of any food product is achieved by maintaining the quality and nutritional content throughout the process from the time of processing through distribution and storage to the final consumption of the product. To maintain the consumer acceptance and to avoid from governmental action, nutraceutical products evaluated for shelf life and stability. The physiological benefits of the nutraceuticals achieved only if the product is consumed and the bioactive substance present in the required amount
Food laws in the every country are major basis of regulation of various kinds of food products such as healthy food, dietary supplement, nutracceuticals and functional food. A regulations or guidelines are designed by the regulatory agencies to regulate healthy food. The labeling of health related should be based on scientific evidence. There should be a harmonization of food regulations around the world. And customers are deeply concerned about how their health is managed and priced.
Nutraceuticals is a broad term that is used to define any product which is obtained from food sources with additional medical advantages compared to the basic nutritional level found in the food. The term "nutraceutical" joins two words – "Nutrient" and "pharmaceutical". They can be categorized based on their natural sources, pharmacological conditions, and chemical constitution of the products. Generally they are classified in the following classes: dietary supplements, functional foods, medicinal foods and pharmaceuticals.
Over the years nutraceuticals have attracted because of their potential dietary, safety and therapeutic effects. Nutraceuticals might be utilized to enhance health condition, prevent from many diseases, delay the aging process, or maintain the integrity of the body. They are considered as healthy sources of food for prevention of dangerous diseases such as diabetes, renal and gastrointestinal diseases, and many other infections.
A variety of nutraceuticals have been appeared to force essential parts in immune status and susceptibility to certain disease states. They additionally show infections altering signs related to oxidative stress including sensitivity, Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, eye conditions, Parkinson's diseases and obesity.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease, where the body is not able to use sugar because of total or relative absence of insulin, a hormone normally produced by the ß cell of the islets of Langerhans in pancreas. Soy and Omega-3 fatty acids can promote Insulin sensitivity and bring the blood glucose level to the normal range. Some nutraceuticals such as Cinnamon tea and green tea plays an important role in treating the diabetic patients. Cinnamon which contains polar compounds, known as polyphenols that can increase glucose metabolism, which helps to bring the blood sugar level to normal.
Nutraceuticals are natural bioactive products with greater nutritional value and promising remedial properties in many diseases. Current cancer treatments, for example, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery, leads to undesired side effects. emerging investigations recommend that some plant-based agents may affect cell and molecular processes underlying tumor progression. Nowadays number of plants derived compounds are being used for preventing and treatment of cancer. Nutritional modulation is one of the techniques which show highly beneficial effects in the cancer patients. The food which contains relatively low amount of carbohydrates with moderate amount of high quality protein, fiber, fat is healthful for cancer patients. Also nutraceuticals plays key role in reducing toxicity, associated with chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and may lead to better life.
Prebiotics are natural, non-digestible food components that helps in promoting the growth of useful microorganisms in the gut. They are good bacteria promoters. Prebiotics may enhance gastrointestinal health and also improve calcium promotion. Probiotics include fructooligosaccharides, such as inulin and galactooligosaccharides.
Probiotics are the helpful microorganisms present in the gut. These active microorganisms help in change or repopulate the intestinal microorganisms to balance the gut flora. These probiotics may boost the immunity system and overall health especially gastrointestinal health. Some strains of these microorganisms may help prevent specific allergy symptoms, reduce symptoms of lactose intolerance. Fermented dairy products such as yogurt, cheeses are the rich source of these microorganisms. Some nondairy products also contain beneficial live cultures.
Nutritional disorders are the nutrient related diseases, which causes illness in the humans. This may include chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, cancer and diabetes mellitus, and deficiency or excess in the diet, obesity and eating disorders. The human body requires different types of vitamins and minerals that are very necessary for preventing the diseases. These micronutrients are not produced naturally in the body, so these micronutrients should be supplied through diet.
A nutritional disorder occurs when body is not possible to absorb required amount of nutrient from the diet. Deficiencies lead to the development of variety of disorders.
There is developing enthusiasm for diet based prevention of many disorders, for example, coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity and cancer. In the pharmaceutical industry, hydrophobic drugs are generally delivered using tablets, capsules and fluids. Nowadays many food and beverage products act as vehicles for many nutraceuticals. For example, cheese, beverages, yogurt, breads etc.
Consumption of balanced food and drink is important to everyone. It will mainly affect the performance of those who actively participating in sports on daily basis. For example, athletes need more calories compare to the normal person. Protein, fats and carbohydrates are the major constituents which provide body with fuel to maintain energy. Carbohydrates are the primary fuel utilized by the working muscles, sufficient amount of intake is necessary for preventing muscle fatigue. Fats provide fatty acids that can be utilized as source of energy. Protein can be used as a source of energy and is critical for building new muscle tissue.
In present, people’s lifestyle has changed while people are deeply concerned regarding their health. Many people are interested in everything that can improve their health condition. Hence the nutraceuticals products have a high demand in the recent market, so the research is increasing in the field of nutraceuticals day by day.
Nowadays, nutraceuticals have gotten high interests because of their potential nutritional and safety profile, other than therapeutic ability. Pharmaceutical and nutritional organizations know about the changing patterns which are because of the benefits of these compounds. The mechanisms of nutraceuticals are not completely clear. However, they may be involved a wide variety of biological processes, including initiation of signal transduction pathways, gene expression, cell proliferation, Differentiation and preservation of mitochondrial integrity.