Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Wollega University, Shambu Campus, P.O. Box: 38 Shambu, Email: [email protected]
Daniel Asfaw Kitessa is lecture at Wollega University in department of Food Science and Nutrition. He specialize his MSc. degree in Food Science and Technology at Haramaya University. Now time he is doing his PhD at Jimma University in Food Science and Technology. His future research interest is food fermentation/biotechnology, food safety, improving nutritional composition of food products for pregnant, lactating mothers, infants and children, especially through fermentation and formulations using locally available raw materials.
Women’s nutritional status during pregnancy and breastfeeding is not only critical for her health and sustainability of future generations. The studies showed that Ethiopia is one of the countries with highest level of lactating mother’s malnourishment in sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effect of fermentation time and mixture ratio on improving the nutritional quality of Shameta in order to enhance nutritional status of lactating mothers. Completely randomized design (CRD) with a 3×4 factorial experiment with three replication was implemented. Results showed that the mixture ratio affect the pH, titratable acidity, proximate compositions, minerals content, anti-nutritional factors and antioxidant activity of porridge (unfermented Shameta). Except fiber contents, all proximate compositions, minerals content and antioxidant activity increased through fermentation time, however phytate and tannin decreased by 70.83 and 77.17%, respectively. Present finding revealed that the highest crude protein was observed in Maize-Barley-Faba bean with ratio of 90:10:15 fermented for 12 days (16.56 g/100g), while the highest crude fat (13.23 g/100g) were found in Maize-Barley-Faba bean with ratio of 90:5:5 fermented for the same days.