Rehabilitation is an act of restoring someone back to their normal life or to their normal health through training or by therapy this can happen after imprisonment, addiction or illness. The rehabilitation therapy includes Speech therapy, occupational therapy and other methods that exercise specific brain functions. This can be also done after a major disorder, damage or surgical procedure, the individual must follow the prescribed rehabilitation program to recover completely.
Addiction is a psychological and physical inability to stop consuming a chemical or medicate or a substance which affects the functioning of the brain and body. The foremost common side effects of addiction are the extreme loss of control, failed attempts to quit, tolerance, obsession and withdrawal. Addiction can be successfully prevented, treated and managed by healthcare professionals in combination with family or peer support. Addiction is a therapeutic speciality that deals with the treatment of addiction. It is concerned with the evaluation, anticipation, determination, treatment, and recovery of people with the illness of addiction and individuals who appear unhealthy utilize of substances including nicotine, prescription medicines, liquor and other illegal and licit drugs.
Behaviour modification is a means of changing behaviour through various techniques used to replace undesirable behaviours with desirable ones. You can modify your child's behaviour with positive consequences and negative consequences. Behaviour modification is often used to discipline kids with ADHD (Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), autism or oppositional defiant disorder, but it can be effective for kids of all types. Behaviour modification endeavours to shape a child’s behaviour by rewarding the things he/she does right by offering privileges or praise for following rules, completing assignments and so on and by disheartening unsatisfactory behaviour with criticism or withdrawal of privileges.
Cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) is talking treatments that can assist you to oversee your issues by changing the way you think and behave. CBT aims to assist a person to identify and challenge unhelpful thoughts and to learn practical self-help strategies. These methodologies are outlined to bring about positive and prompt changes within the person’s quality of life. CBT can be useful for anybody who needs support to challenge unhelpful thoughts that are avoiding them from reaching their goals or living the life they need to live. CBT points to appear people how their thinking influences their mood and to teach them to think in a less negative way about life and themselves. It is based on the understanding that thinking negatively is a habit that like all other propensities can be broken.
Dual diagnosis is the condition when a person has a mood disorder such as depression or bipolar disorder and the problem with alcohol or drugs. A person with dual diagnosis has two separate illnesses and each illness needs its own treatment. Sometimes the mental problem occurs first and this can lead the person to use alcohol or drugs that make them feel better temporarily. In some case, the substance abuse occurs first. Over time that can lead to emotional and mental problems.
Foetal alcohol syndrome is a condition that occurs in a child that results from alcohol exposure during the time of pregnancy. Problems may include an abnormal appearance, low body weight, short height, small head, low intelligence, poor coordination, behaviour problems, and problems with hearing or vision. The alcohol is more concentrated in the foetus and it can prevent enough nutrition and oxygen from getting to the foetus’s vital organs.
Holistic addiction therapies are non-medicinal recovery methods used for traditional treatment practices. Holistic therapy focuses on the individual’s overall health and also treating physical symptoms of addiction and withdrawal. People trying to overcome addiction by choosing alternative treatment for boost their chances for success. These are some of the alternative choices like Meditation, Acupuncture, Yoga, Light therapy and Nutritional counselling.
Neurobiological research is a broad interdisciplinary field that encompasses a diverse range of scientific approaches and on addiction is to identify the neural mechanisms involved in the mediation and expression of addictive behaviour. Neurobiological research includes studies at a number of levels. These include the study of molecular and cellular components that explain how drugs act on the brain and produce neurochemical changes inside and between neurons. Neurobiology also includes studies of hereditary bases of behaviour that can predispose some to develop certain addictive behaviours and also involves the study of how these molecular and cellular mechanisms can lead to changes in the structure and function of important neural circuits in the brain that produce changes in cognition and behaviour characteristic of addiction.
Neuroimaging has been used for the better understanding of dimensions of functioning such as cue-reactivity, impulsivity, and cognitive control, among others relevant to treatment outcomes in addiction. Neuroimaging or brain imaging is the use of various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure and function or pharmacology of the nervous system.
Nicotine addiction is the most leading cause of death around the world. Nicotine produces physical and mood-altering effects in the brain that are temporarily pleasing. These effects make to use tobacco and lead to dependence. At the same time stopping tobacco use causes many problems including withdrawal symptoms, irritability and anxiety.