Cairo University, Egypt
Hamdy Rizk has passion in morphology and in improving the health and wellbeing. His research based on new thinking to creates new pathways for improving healthcare. He has built this study after years of experience in research, teaching and administration in education institutions.
Dromedary camel is widely distributed in the desert of the Arabian countries. It is characterized by its ability to tolerate greater than 30% water loss, which is generally impossible for other mammals. The camels’ milk is rich with vitamin C and have some therapeutic uses. The present study aimed to spot the light on the differences between the two milk systems of each quarter of the she camels’ udder. Twelve mammary glands of lactating she camels (in mid-lactation) were dissected from the animals immediately after slaughter and prepared for different anatomical, histological, radiographical and ultrasonographical evaluations. The udder of the she camel consists of four quarters; each has two separate milk systems without external demarcation between them. The fluid produced from the cranial system was milky, while that of the caudal one was watery. The streak canal, teat cistern and the gland cistern of the cranial system was wider and with thicker wall than the caudal one. The size of the parenchymal tissue of the cranial system was larger. The number of Furstenberg’s rosettes were larger in the caudal system. The number of the alveoli to the interstitial connective tissue were greater and the glands were more active in the cranial system in comparison to the caudal system where the number of the alveoli were smaller, and the glands were less active. The anatomical, histological and imaging studies of the udder of the dromedary’s camel stated that, each quarter composed of two systems of milk production differs in structure from each other. The differences between the two milk systems of each quarter may refer to the adaptation to water deprivation or the medicinal use of the camels’ milk as well as to physiological rest by changing the systems between the successive births.