The Emirate of Abu Dhabi became a British protectorate in 1892. In 1971 with the withdrawal of the British the Emirates gained independence. Al Karama should become the future capital of the newly formed United Arab Emirates; planned to be built on the border of the emirates of Abu Dhabi and Dubai. But the proposed city was never built, and Abu Dhabi became the official capital of the UAE in 1996. Since then Abu Dhabi (city) is the seat of the President of the United Arab Emirates and the seat for the UAE government. It is also home for the Emirati Royal Family. The city's rapid development and urbanization (probably also propelled by the rivalry between Abu Dhabi and Dubai), coupled with the relatively high average income of its population, has transformed Abu Dhabi to become more advanced than most other Arab cities. Due to its position as the capital, the city is the country's leading political center and a growing industrial, cultural, and commercial site in the Emirates.