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General Information

Emergency medicine is currently the prime focus of research in medicinal research. Emergency medicine is also called an accident and emergency medicine. Emergency medicine is the medical specialty treatment for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with injuries or illnesses requiring immediate medical attention in the acute phase.

First aid is the primary attention given to any person suffering illness or injury to prevent the condition from getting worst. In some cases, it might be a complete treatment, such as applying a plaster to a small wound. Some physicians undertake specific training to provide first aid at public or private events or other places where people gather. Urgent care is especially the treatment for injuries or illnesses requiring immediate care outside of a traditional emergency room. Urgent care is not for surgical services, it is only for an emergency purpose. Generally, Urgent care is served by nurses, physician assistants, and medical assistants.

Emergency medical services are a type of emergency service which provides all immediate service like transport, medical care etc. to those patients who need urgent medical attention. Emergency medical services are also known as a paramedic service, a first aid service, emergency squad or ambulance service.

Primary care, as well as emergency care, is the main thing needed for the patients seeking emergency medical care and attention. Patients are commonly treated by the professionals such as primary care physician, family physician, a nurse practitioner or a physician assistant. After giving primary care, the patient may be referred for secondary treatment or care, depending on the health condition.

Emergency Drugs are those which are categorized under this type because they are needed immediately, like in case of cardiac arrest and hypersensitivity. These dosages also should be designed and can only be taken under a proper guidance of a medical practitioner. Emergency drugs include several types of drugs, such as Life-Saving Drugs, painkillers, cardiac drugs, respiratory drugs, central nervous system drugs, allergy, antibiotics and miscellaneous.

Emergency nursing care is the important part of emergency treatment given to a patient in the absence of a complete emergency practitioner.

Pre-hospital emergency care is mostly done at the sight of accident or medical emergency site. In Pre-hospital emergency care, first aid care service comes first before admitting the patient to the hospital. Pre-hospital emergency care mostly done by the first liners medical attendant.

A professional in a field of emergency medicine should have knowledge of radiology, medicine, and emergency care. Emergency medical services need an expert and active physician to diagnose a patient who needs emergency care. Different type of clinical procedures is involved in treatment based on emergency.

Internal medicine or general medicine is the medical specialty for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are also known as internists. The 5 hotspots of internal Emergency Medicine research were “sepsis,” “acute pulmonary,” “trauma,” “shock” and “cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

The Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA) is a federal law that requires anyone coming to an emergency department to be stabilized and treated, It was designed in such a way that provides a proper diagnosis to anyone seeking treatment for a medical condition, regardless of ability to pay.

The emergency medical services market analysis includes ambulance services, emergency drugs, medical equipment and other medical transportation services provided by the healthcare department in the time of emergency. It also involves analysis report on available medical equipment and ambulance facilities and also scope of modification to provide the better service.

Pediatric emergency medicine is important and sensitive part of emergency care for a child who needs immediate medical attention. All the physicians, who are specialists in this field, are trained to care for a wide range of problems that require immediate medical help.

Cardiac emergencies are the most life-threatening disorders that must be treated soon to minimize morbidity and mortality. The patients may have experienced severe, “crushing” chest pain beforehand, or may have only experienced vague symptoms, such as a discomfort in the chest area, shortness of breath, sweating and nausea, or lightheadedness.

Critical decisions in Emergency medicine are completely proportionate on the basis of an experience of medical professional and medical history of a patient. Decisions are also being taken by our experienced medical professionals available during a medical emergency.

This kind of emergencies happens very often and need attention quickly or else this can be life-threatening for patients. Neuro-Intensivists (The doctors who practice this type of medicine) play the vital role to save a life with their prompt recognition skill. Neurological Emergencies include strokes, ruptured aneurysms, brain and spinal cord injury from trauma, seizures, swelling of the brain (Cerebral edema), infections of the brain (encephalitis) and the brain's or spine's meninges (meningitis), brain tumors, and weakness of the muscles required to breathe (such as the diaphragm).

Respiratory Emergencies are caused due to the failure of the lung’s function. An abrupt stop of gas exchange lasting for more than five minutes may be caused for damage of vital organs especially the brain, possibly permanently. Lack of oxygen to the brain causes loss of consciousness. To save a patient suffering from respiratory arrest, he\she need immediate attention. Treatment includes clearing the airway, establishing an alternate\temporary airway, and providing mechanical ventilation.

Patients suffer psychiatric problems due to depressions, long time health issues. The symptoms of psychiatric emergency may include attempted suicidesubstance dependencealcohol intoxication, acute depression, the presence of delusions, violence, panic attacks, and significant, rapid changes in behavior. The psychiatric patients need medication as well as mental support.


Gynecological Emergencies can be affect women of all ages. This emergency includes ovarian Cancer, Incontinence of urine, Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea, Infertility, Menorrhagia, Hemorrhage, UTI and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Premenstrual Syndrome, Other vaginal diseases. Most common gynecological emergencies nowadays are polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), infertility. The reason for the infertility can be mainly either structural problems in the Fallopian tube or uterus or problems releasing eggs. It also may be caused by blockage of the Fallopian tube due to malformations, infections such as chlamydia and/or scar tissue.


Anesthesia is one kind of pain management treatment given to a patient to ease the pain during surgery or procedure. This can be applied by the highly trained professional with the presence of monitoring technology. Anesthesia suppresses the central nervous system for a certain time.