Berlin, capital and boss urban focus of Germany. The city lies at the core of the North German Plain, athwart an east-west business and geographic hub that helped make it the capital of the realm of Prussia and afterward, from 1871, of a bound together Germany. Berlin's previous magnificence finished in 1945, however the city endure the demolition of World War II. It was remade and came to show astonishing financial and social development. Germany's division after the war put Berlin totally inside the domain of the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany). The city itself repeated the national segment—East Berlin being the capital of East Germany and West Berlin a Land (condition) of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, or West Germany). West Berlin's confinement was later fortified by the solid boundary raised in 1961 and known as the Berlin Wall. Its status as an enclave made Berlin a persistent focal point of encounter between the Eastern and Western powers just as an image of Western way of life for a long time. The fall of the East German socialist system—and the going with opening of the divider—in late 1989 out of the blue raised the possibility for Berlin's reestablishment as the all-German capital.