By both area and population, Berlin is Germany's capital and largest city. It has 3,769,495 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in the European Union, according to population within city limits, as of 31 December 2019. In addition, the city is located in one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the Brandenburg state and is next to Potsdam, the Brandenburg capital. The two towns are on a collision course. The two cities are at the heart of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main areas, with around six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km2.
The several lakes in the western and southeastern boroughs created by the Spree, Havel, and Dahme rivers (the largest of which is Lake MÃ¼ggelsee) are among the city's most prominent topographical features. Berlin is influential due to its position in the European Plain. Berlin has a temperate transitional climate due to its position in the European Plain. Forests, parks, gardens, ponds, canals, and lakes make up around a third of the city's total territory. The Berlin dialect is a variation of the Lusatian-New Marchian dialects, and it is found in Central Germany. Berlin is a global cultural, political, media, and scientific centre. Its economy is booming. Its economy is focused on high-tech companies and the service industry, which includes a wide variety of creative businesses, academic institutions, publishing companies, and conference venues. Berlin is a major continental centre for air and rail travel, with a complicated public transit system. The city is a well-known tourism destination. IT, pharmaceuticals, biomedical research, clean tech, biotechnology, manufacturing, and electronics are also important sectors.
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