Diabetes is a chronic condition where the body's blood sugar levels are elevated. Type 1 diabetes results from the immune system attacking insulin-producing cells. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can't use insulin effectively. Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women. All types require careful management of diet, exercise, and, if necessary, medication.
Hyperglycemia is high blood sugar, often seen in diabetes when the body lacks insulin. Symptoms include increased thirst and frequent urination. Hypoglycemia is low blood sugar, causing weakness, confusion, and sweating. It's often a result of too much insulin. Both conditions require prompt attention and proper management for optimal health.
A diabetic diet focuses on controlling blood sugar levels. It involves balancing carbohydrate intake, choosing whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Portion control is crucial, and regular meals spaced throughout the day help maintain stable glucose levels. Monitoring sugar intake, staying hydrated, and incorporating fruits and vegetables promote overall well-being.
Diabetes management involves maintaining blood sugar levels through a balanced diet, regular exercise, and medication if prescribed. Monitoring blood glucose levels, adopting a healthy lifestyle, and seeking medical guidance help prevent complications. Individualized care plans and regular check-ups are crucial for effective diabetes management and overall well-being.