Federal College of Education, Nigeria
Isaac Samuel is a prolific writer and an Agricultural Consultant. He holds NCE – Agricultural Science Education, from Federal College of Education [Technical], Bichi. He also holds a B. Agric. (Hons.) Animal Nutrition, from the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, M.Sc. Animal Science from the prestigious Ahmadu Bello University Zaria where he is currently pursuing a PhD. Animal Science Degree. He has worked as Production Manager in the Pioneer Automated Poultry farm in Nigeria and also as agent to reputable agro-allied industries as Consultant before becoming an academic staff with the Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education [Technical], Bichi – Kano, Nigeria. He also has to his credit several publications in reputable National and International Journals. He is a reviewer for many International Journals. He is also the author of Basic Principle of Animal Nutrition and Health © 2013 and Millet Processing Waste: Alternative for Maize in Broiler Chicken Feed [Online] by Lambert Academic Publishing LATVIA© 2018. He speaks English and most Nigerian language fluently and enjoys reading, writing, consulting and travelling.
An experiment was conducted with three hundred (300) day-old broiler chicks to evaluate the effect of feeding varying levels of millet processing waste as replacement for dietary maize on haematological and serum biochemical indices of broiler chicks. The birds were allocated to five treatments with three replicates in a completely randomized design (CRD). Diet 1(Control) contain 100% of the maize component in the ration; Diet 2 contain 20% of the maize component replaced by millet waste; Diet 3 contain 40% of the maize component replaced by millet waste; Diet 4 contain 60% of the maize component replaced by millet waste; Diet 5 contain 80% of the maize component replaced by millet waste. Data generated was statistically analyzed using the General Linear Model Procedure of Statistical Analysis (SAS, 2002). Significant difference between treatments means were separated by Duncan Multiple Range Test (Steel and Torrie, 1980).The results indicated that there were significant (p<0.05) differences in the packed cell volume, haemoglobin, white blood cells, red blood cells, heterocytes and total proteins. However, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils were not significantly (p>0.05) affected.The serum biochemical indices differ (p<0.05) significantly across dietary treatments. In general, the values of haematological parameters fell within the safety limit forhealthy broiler chickens.Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) value in this study indicated that there was no damage done to the heart or liver due to treatment diets.The experiment lasted for a period of 4weeks. The result of this study concluded that replacement of MPW up 80% result in no adverse effect on the health of broilers.