Coastal ecosystems are areas where land and water join to create an environment with a distinct structure, diversity, and flow of energy. It includes salt marshes, mangroves, wetlands, estuaries, and bays and is home to many different types of plants and animals. It is to avoid erosion and floods, and also stops erosion to claim lands. Its goal is to: “preserve, protect, develop, enhance, and restore, the coastal resources.”
Discuss new techniques or ideas which could be used to manage the coastal ecosystem.
Coastal Areas are intensively used dynamic areas which act as the interface between land and sea and also include different landforms occurring in the coast. These areas are covered with diverse range of flora and fauna which needs to be protected from getting extinct. Discuss different life diversities found at the coastal areas.
By being adjacent to water, coastal regions include fish and other types of marine life that are important food sources for humans. Coasts also contain sand and other sediments, which are valuable resources for maintaining healthy beach and dune systems. The coastal zone is a dynamic part of the Earth's surface where both marine and atmospheric processes produce rocky coasts, as well as beaches and dunes, barriers and tidal inlets, and shape deltas.
Economy statistics describe the economic value of activities directly or indirectly related to the use of oceans, or coastal zone resources. And also, know how Tourism affects the Economic status of the coastal ecosystem from economy experts worldwide.
Coastal Archaeological sites (environment, history, settlements and findings), shallow water coastal archaeological surveys and near shore wrecks, methodology of the research (direct surveys, remote sensing, etc.), conservation of the coastal archaeological sites, cultural tourism, coastal and underwater archaeological itineraries.
Coastal Sustainability exposes students to the reality that maintaining the quality of life and benefits that the ocean has provided to humankind while sustaining the integrity of ocean ecosystems, requires changes in how we view, plan, manage, govern and use ocean resources and coastal areas. And also, how it affects the costal climate?
Damage or destruction of habitats kills the plants and animals responsible for the habitat's ecological functions and, in some cases, its survival and regeneration. This pressure focuses on destruction of intertidal habitats and two types of sub tidal habitats, soft bottom and hard bottom. These habitats include coral reefs, sea grasses and mangrove forests, but do not include sea ice, which is accounted for elsewhere.
Discuss how Coastal Pollution is responsible for Habitat destruction.
Mangroves help reduce vulnerability to climate-related coastal hazards whereas Life in the ocean comprises of Cute and cuddly, creepy and crawly, gigantic and microscopic organisms in millions of shapes and size. Learn more about Corals and Mangroves and discuss how they are important for coastal ecosystem management.
Coastal Geology studies have a particular emphasis on near-shore processes, coastal sedimentation and erosion, remote sensing of reefs, geologic history of Hawaiian reefs, Pacific basin sea level history, and submarine landslides. And also, discuss how genetic engineering affects coastal ecosystem.
Discuss about different ACTs which are responsible for conserving the Coastal Ecosystem and how their work is affecting the environment.