This activity can offer learners with a comprehensive summary of the state-of-the art advances within the diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive modalities of organic process diseases supported the newest proof, literature, and clinical analysis.
Pregnancy is a challenging period for the gastroenterologist. Although multiple gastrointestinal complaints may occur during pregnancy (gastro esophageal reflux, constipation, etc.) most of these are mild to moderate, usually managed by the obstetrician, and therefore the gastroenterologist is seldom asked to intervene.
Diseases caused by viruses, such as hepatitis A, hepatitisB, hepatitisC Diseases caused by drugs, poisons or too much alcohol.Eg.include fatty liver disease and cirrhosis.Liver cancer.Inherited diseases, such as hemochromatosis and Wilson disease.
If your child has a digestive system, liver, or nutritional problem, a pediatric Gastroenterology has the expertise to treat your child. Digestive, liver, and nutritional problems in children often are quite different from those seen in adults.
Neuro Gastroenterology is a sub specialty of gastroenterology that overlaps with neurology. The enteric nervous system is a collection of neuron's that can function independently of the central nervous system (CNS). This article discusses the neurological manifestations of Gastroenterology disorders as well as significant Gastroenterology manifestations of neurological disorders
The goals of the division of Gastroenterology research programs are to advance knowledge in the areas of gastroenterology and hepatology through innovative basic science, translational, and clinical research and to foster the spirit of scientific inquiry among faculty, fellows, residents, and students. Gastroenterology Division researchers are actively involved in numerous projects in the study of the biology, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gastrointestinal and liver diseases
When you have Diarrhea and Vomiting, you may say you have the "stomach flu." These symptoms often are due to a condition called gastroenteritis
Intestinal problems, such as polyps and cancer, infections, celiac disease, Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, malabsorption, short bowel syndrome, and intestinal ischemia. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), peptic ulcer disease, and hiatal hernia
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a procedure that combines upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and x-rays to treat problems of the bile and pancreatic ducts.
Liver biopsy remains the cornerstone in the diagnosis and management of liver disorders. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is gaining traction as an alternative method of biopsy. For parenchymal disease, it can decrease sampling variability. It offers a more targeted approach for focal lesions. Its diagnostic yield and limited adverse event profile make it a promising approach for liver biopsy
In many complex diseases it is observed that commensal Microbiota composition is altered. Here are just some of the health conditions that involve our microbes. Our new understanding may lead to more focused and effective treatments. Unlike modern antibiotics, which kill good microbes along with the bad, new drugs may kill only harmful bacteria while leaving the friendly ones alone. Others may nurture friendly bacteria, helping them out complete the harmful ones.
This is divided into 7 sections: the production of acid in the stomach, the regulation of gastric acid secretion, the pharmacology of acid secretion, the biology of acid-related diseases, gastric and duodenal ulcer disease, gastro esophageal reflux disease, and Helicobacter pylori. Each of these sections is extremely well written and provides historical insights into the various areas. For example, the first section point out that Paracelsus was one of the first to relate chemistry to disease; however, he was under the mistaken assumption that acid found in the stomach was ingested.Section 2 presents an accounting of William Beaumont’s study of the gastric fistula in Alexis Saint Martin, which was the result of a gunshot wound. Also included in this section is the accounting of Pavlov’s delineation of vagal function in relation to the GI tract. Other important milestones of gastric physiology that are recounted include Codes’ study of the relationship of histamine to gastric secretion and the work of Bayle’s and Starling in identifying the hormone secretin.In Section 2, gastric acid secretion and its neural and endocrine regulation is covered in a comprehensive manner as are all aspects of parietal cell function.The history of the therapeutic approach to acid-related diseases is detailed in Section 3 and includes the Sippy diet, antacids, sulphated polysaccharide (sulcralfate), histamine H2 receptor antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors along with surgery.Section 4 deals with the barrier function of the upper GI tract, intragastric pH, pepsin, intrinsic factor, and regulation of the growth of gastric epithelium.
Gastrointestinal bleeding (GI bleed), also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum. When there is significant blood loss over a short time, symptoms may include vomiting red blood, vomiting black blood, bloody stool, or black stool.Bleeding is typically divided into two main types: upper gastrointestinal bleeding and lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Causes of upper GI bleeds include: peptic ulcer disease, esophageal varices due to liver cirrhosis and cancer, among others. Causes of lower GI bleeds include: haemorrhoids, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease among others.
Gastrointestinal oncology cancer is the most common cancer in the world. It is also called gastric cancer. It refers to malignant conditions of gastrointestinal GI Cancer is the most common form of cancer. The treatment of GI Cancer depends on the type of cancer, its stage, and expansion. There numerous types of GI cancer such as liver cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, Biliary tract cancer and various.
Gastrointestinal pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with the diagnosis and characterization of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the digestive tract and accessory organs, such as the pancreas and liver.The main purpose of the gastrointestinal tract is the transport of food and the absorption of nutrients. Many pathologic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract impair either or both of these functions. The gastrointestinal tract, and especially the colon, is a common site of malignancy. The two main symptoms related to pathology of the gastrointestinal tract are abdominal pain and gastrointestinal haemorrhage.
The four categories of the causes of acute abdominal pain are (1) inflammation, including appendicitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, and diverticulitis; (2) perforation; (3) obstruction; and (4) vascular disease, including acute ischemia and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The five categories of causes of chronic abdominal pain are (1) inflammation, including peptic ulcer disease, esophagitis, inflammatory bowel disease, and chronic pancreatitis; (2) vascular disease, including chronic ischemia; (3) metabolic disease, including porphyria; (4) abdominal wall pain; and (5) functional causes, including irritable bowel syndrome. The most frequent causes of chronic abdominal pain are functional.
Recent biological and medical advances have clarified the mechanisms of chronic liver inflammation and succeeded in providing new therapies for various liver diseases. The aim of this issue is to summarize the current status of the basic and clinical findings in chronic liver inflammation and its complications. Such information will help develop better management programs for patients and can improve their prognosis.
Bariatric surgery (weight decrease surgery) fuses an arrangement of systems performed on people who have rich imposingness. Weight diminishment is proficient by diminishing the measure of the stomach with a gastric band or through pondering of a piece of the stomach (sleeve gastrostomy or biliopancreatic redirection with duodenal switch) or by resecting and re-directing the minute stomach related framework to an infinitesimal stomach pockets (gastric bypass surgery)
The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food, and liquids from your mouth to the stomach. You may not be aware of your esophagus until you swallow something too large, too hot, or too cold. You may also notice it when something is wrong. You may feel pain or have trouble swallowing. The most common problem with the esophagus is GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disease). With GERD, a muscle at the end of your esophagus does not close properly. This allows stomach contents to leak back, or reflux, into the esophagus and irritate it. Over time, GERD can cause damage to the esophagus. Other problems include heartburn, cancer, and esophagitis. Doctors may use various tests to make a diagnosis. These include imaging tests, an upper endoscopy, and a biopsy.
This could be a condition in which unusual or over the top fat aggregation in fat tissue disables wellbeing. In most cases, it is the result of vitality admissions surpassing vitality consumption over a period of a long time. It is characterized in grown-ups as a body mass index (BMI) over 30. Corpulence is not a infection that as it were influences the more created, rich nations. It is presently an around the world open wellbeing issue, influencing all age and socio-economic bunches. Great nourishment, physical action, and a solid body weight are fundamental parts of a person’s generally wellbeing and well-being. Together, these can offer assistance diminish a person’s chance of creating genuine wellbeing conditions, such as tall blood weight, tall cholesterol, diabetes, heart infection, stroke, and cancer. A energizing slim down, normal physical movement, and accomplishing and keeping up a sound weight too are vital to overseeing wellbeing conditions.