Obstetrics and gynecology, also known as Ob-Gyn. Obs and Gyn, is a medical specialty that includes the two subspecialties of obstetrics (which covers pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period) and gynecology (which covers the health of the female reproductive system - vagina, uterus, ovaries, and breasts). Specialization is an important component of women's health care. Obstetrics and gynecology is a broad and diverse field of medicine that includes surgery, prenatal care management, gynecologic care, oncology, and primary health care for women.
Most common maternal infections (for example, UTIs, skin and respiratory tract infections) are usually not serious problems during pregnancy, but some genital infections can interfere with labor or the method of delivery. Some common infections that can occur during pregnancy include influenza, vaginal yeast infections, eczema, herpes, uterine infections, group B streptococcus (GBS), bacterial vaginosis (BV), and listeria. Pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or microscopic parasites that cause disease) cause a variety of conditions affecting the vagina and genital tract, which are referred to as gynaecological infections. Bacterial vaginosis is a common type of gynaecological infection.
The flu, vaginal yeast infections, uterine infections, group B streptococcus, bacterial vaginosis, and listeria are all common infections that can occur during pregnancy. Changes in immune function may contribute to this increased risk of infection, which, if untreated, can result in serious complications. Bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy, one in every four pregnant women will bleed, with many of them having a healthy baby. Miscarriage occurs when a pregnancy ceases to grow and the pregnancy tissue exits the body.
The menstrual cycle is complicated and governed by numerous glands and the hormones produced by these glands. Menstruation, the follicular phase, ovulation, and the luteal phase are the four phases of the menstrual cycle. Heavy or painful periods, as well as premenstrual syndrome (PMS), are common menstrual problems. The menstrual cycle starts on the first day of your period and lasts until the first day of your next period. You are most fertile during ovulation (the release of an egg from your ovaries), which usually occurs 12 to 14 days before your next period.
Adolescent Medicine pediatricians are specially trained to address medical and health issues that teenagers face throughout their lives. Our providers' collective expertise in the field has grown as a result of their work in community, school-based, and hospital settings. A Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecologist, in particular, treats children, adolescents, and young women who have gynecologic problems. These gynecologic concerns can range from neonatal ovarian cysts to puberty issues or period problems.
Cosmetic Gynecology is a new subspecialty of gynecology that combines plastic surgery and gynecology. Cosmetic Gynecology, also known as Intimate Aesthetic Surgery, refers to a group of non-medically necessary cosmetic procedures. They are used to improve the appearance and function of the outer vulva and inner vagina. Aesthetic, regenerative, and functional gynaecology is a new medical subspecialty that deals with issues concerning women's health, well-being, and intimate relationships.
Gynecology surgery encompasses all surgical procedures involving the organs and structures of the female pelvic region, including the uterus, ovaries, cervix, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva. A woman may require gynecology surgery for a variety of reasons. Endometriosis, fibroids (benign tumors), ovarian cysts, cancer, chronic pelvic pain, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine prolapse, or abnormal bleeding may necessitate treatment. Gynecology surgery can also be used to achieve long-term birth control.
Female Cosmetic Genital Surgery (fcgs), also known as Cosmetic Gynecology, is the fastest growing subspecialty for women. It includes procedures to improve the aesthetic appearance of the vulva/vaginal region, as well as vaginal repairs to improve or restore sexual function that has been compromised by childbirth or aging. Gynecologists, particularly urogynecologists, and plastic surgeons perform it. Cosmetic gynecology is not required by law. It is a trend initiated by women, not by their sexual partners. According to studies, the appearance of a woman's genitalia affects her self-esteem and sexuality.
Female genital schistosomiasis (FGS) is a schistosomiasis disease manifestation caused by the waterborne parasite Schistosoma haematobium, which affects both the urinary and genital tracts of infected individuals. FGS is diagnosed through a visual examination of the genitals and colposcopy, a procedure that allows a closer look at someone's vagina and cervix. Female Genital Schistosomiasis (FGS) is caused most commonly by the presence of Schistosoma haematobium eggs lodged in the female reproductive tract, resulting in chronic fibrosis and scarring.
The female reproductive system is regulated by hormonal interactions between the hypothalamus, anterior pituitary gland, and ovaries. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), also known as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone, is secreted by the hypothalamus. Endocrine reproductive disorders are conditions that affect the reproductive endocrine system and frequently result in infertility. Ovarian insufficiency and polycystic ovary syndrome in women, and low testosterone in men, are two examples.
Hydatiform mole (also known as molar pregnancy) is a type of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) that originates in the placenta and can spread. It is unique in that the tumor develops from gestational tissue rather than maternal tissue. A molar pregnancy occurs when the sperm fails to fertilize the egg. This causes abnormal cells or clusters of water-filled sacs to form inside the womb. Molar pregnancies are caused by an imbalance in the pregnancy's genetic material (chromosomes).
The period of pregnancy that occurs during labor is known as intrapartum. It starts as labor begins and ends after the third stage of labor. Postpartum is what happens after the baby is born, as the name implies. Antepartum is when a woman is pregnant, intrapartum is when she is in labor and delivery, and postpartum is after she has given birth. The intrapartum period is the time during pregnancy between the onset of labor and the delivery of the newborn and the placenta. The uterus contracts during this time to provide the main force required for delivery.
A benign gynecological condition is a non-cancerous (benign) problem that affects the female reproductive system, such as uterine fibroids and endometriosis. Menstrual disorders (heavy, painful, irregular, or absent vaginal bleeding), pelvic pain (including endometriosis, ovarian cysts, menopause, recurrent miscarriage, and adolescent gynaecology) are among the symptoms we see. Skin cancer: There are numerous kinds of benign skin tumors. Cherry angioma, sebaceous hyperplasia, seborrheic keratoses, dermatofibromas, and acrochordons, also known as skin tags, are among the most common.