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Be a part of 8th Global Summit on Recycling and Waste Management

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March 21-22, 2022 at 10:00 AM GMT 
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Berlin, Germany

Incineration, the combustion of organic material such as waste with energy recovery, is the most common Waste to Energy implementation. All new Waste to Energy plants in Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries incinerating waste must meet strict emission standards, including those on nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur dioxide (SO2), heavy metals and dioxins. Hence, modern incineration plants are vastly different from old types, some of which neither recovered energy nor materials. Modern incinerators reduce the volume of the original waste by 95-96 percent, depending upon composition and degree of recovery of materials such as metals from the ash for recycling.
Waste sorting is the process by which waste is separated into different elements. Before producing waste, it should be investigated whether the amount of generated waste could be reduced. This would also lead to reduced efforts in subsequent handling, treatment and disposal operations. Waste segregation is included in law because it is much easier to recycle.  Effective segregation of wastes means that less waste goes to landfill which makes it cheaper and better for people and the environment.  It is also important to segregate for public health.  In particular, hazardous wastes can cause long term health problems, so it is very important that they are disposed of correctly and safely and not mixed in with the normal waste coming out of your home or office.
Similar to drinking water provisions, the federal government has delegated responsibility for wastewater treatment to the provinces and territories. There are two federal acts, however, that may apply to wastewater, and the Fisheries Act prohibits the release of harmful substances into waters that fish live in. The Environmental Protection Act governs the release of toxic substances into the environment and allows the federal government to develop regulations for the use of toxic substances. Most provincial and territorial governments have legislation regarding wastewater treatment standards and requirements.
Changes in the climate have recently become more than obvious. By the end of this century, it is estimated that the Earth's surface temperature will rise by approximately 2°C, having devastating effects on our ecosystems, flora, fauna and humans. Moreover, the chemical composition of the atmosphere has also noticed significant changes, thanks to an increase in greenhouse gas emissions, predominantly methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide. Not only is climate change affecting the environment, but also human life. In addition to changes in the natural world, climate change is also causing frightful changes to our biological system. Environmental hazards to human health are becoming more prevalent, including extreme weather, an increased danger of fire, loss of biodiversity and the spread of infectious diseases.
Investigating utility rebates as well as federal and state grants for energy efficient operations or use of alternative energy sources also may gain the facility additional funds. At the same time, water and wastewater facilities must establish a baseline of energy usage. This is accomplished with an energy audit and establishes where and how much energy a plant is using. The next step in the cycle is implementation of passive and active energy efficiency measures. Passive energy measures are defined as items that are easy to implement without complex automation. Active energy measures require automation and optimization of processes. The last step is metering for monitoring and verification of energy usage. The metering allows a plant to benchmark energy use and establish future energy efficiency goals and key performance indicators for effectiveness of measures implemented.
Numerous institutions, municipalities, and governances have set ambitious Zero Waste (ZW) goals with many specifically targeting food waste. Grounded in ecological theory, Perishable organic materials, such as food, present unique considerations and challenges for Zero Waste, which was originally conceived for the management of chemicals and other materials that can be stored for long periods of time without changing form.
Electronic waste or e-squander is a term used to portray any electronic device that is old, outdated, broken, gave, discarded, or close to the completion of its accommodating life. This consolidates telephones, PCs, workstations, PDAs, screens, TVs, printers, scanners, and some other electrical devices. One of the huge challenges is reusing the printed circuit sheets from the electronic wastes. The circuit sheets contain such important metals as gold, silver, platinum, etc. and such base metals as copper, iron, aluminum, etc.
The air pollution produced by biogas. The content of toxic hydrogen sulfide presents additional risks and has been responsible for serious accidents. Leaks of unburned methane are an additional risk, because methane is a potent greenhouse gas. Biogas can be explosive when mixed in the ratio of one part biogas to 8–20 parts air. Special safety precautions have to be taken for entering an empty biogas digester for maintenance work. It is important that a biogas system never has negative pressure as this could cause an explosion. Negative gas pressure can occur if too much gas is removed or leaked; Because of this biogas should not be used at pressures below one column inch of water, measured by a pressure gauge.
Compost improves soil fertility in gardens, landscaping, horticulture, urban agriculture, and organic farming. The benefits of compost include providing nutrients to crops as fertilizer, acting as a soil conditioner, increasing the humus acid contents of the soil, and introducing beneficial colonies of microbes that help to suppress pathogens in the soil. It also reduces expenses on commercial chemical fertilizers for recreational gardeners and commercial farmers alike. Compost can be used for land and stream reclamation, wetland construction, and landfill cover.
The last few years, a lot of measures addressing food waste have been proposed and implemented. Recent literature reviews call for more evidence on the effectiveness or food waste reduction potential of these measures. Furthermore, very few information is available on the extent to which food waste measures have been evaluated based on their economic, environmental and social performance. This review closes this knowledge gap by looking at the methodologies currently used in literature to evaluate food waste prevention measures, using a pre-defined assessment framework with quantitative evaluation criteria.
Global warming, the phenomenon of increasing average air temperatures near the surface of Earth over the past one to two centuries. Climate scientists have since the mid-20th century gathered detailed observations of various weather phenomena and of related influences on climate. These data indicate that Earth’s climate has changed over almost every conceivable timescale since the beginning of geologic time and that the influence of human activities since at least the beginning of the Industrial Revolution has been deeply woven into the very fabric of climate change.
Modern waste is the waste conveyed by mechanical development which joins any material that is delivered vain during an amassing method, for instance, that of creation lines, plants, and mining exercises. It has existed since the start of the Industrial Revolution. A couple of examples of current waste are substance solvents, paints, sandpaper, paper things, mechanical outcomes, metals, and radioactive wastes. Unsafe waste, substance waste, mechanical solid waste and metropolitan solid waste are tasks of current waste. Sewage treatment plants can treat some advanced wastes, for instance those involving common pollutions, for instance, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Mechanical wastes containing hazardous toxic substances require explicit treatment systems.

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Berlin, Germany