With a large scope, veterinary medicine deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals covering all animal species, each domesticated and wild. It helps human health through the monitoring and control of animal disease, food safety, and indirectly through human applications from basic medical analysis. It also helps to take care of food supply through livestock health monitoring and treatment, and mental health by keeping pets healthy and long living. Medical specialty provides a good platform for analysis and industrial applications.
Veterinary nursing is the supportive care of animals receiving treatment within a veterinary practice. A veterinary nurse works as a member of the veterinary team, providing expert nursing care for sick animals. Veterinary nurses also play a significant role in educating owners on maintaining the health of their pets.
The field deals with the diagnosis of diseases through the examination of tissue and body fluids. Anatomical pathology deals with the diagnosis of diseases supported by the gross examination, microscopic, and molecular examination of organs, tissues, and whole bodies (necropsy). While clinical pathology cares with the diagnosis of disease supported the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids like blood, urine or caviar effusions, or tissue aspirates. Veterinary pathologists play a crucial role within the animal diseases diagnosis which successively is useful in avoiding the intense diseases which expire to the humans through animals.
Veterinary Gynecology: a clinical discipline that studies diseases of the sex organs of female animals and their treatment and prevention. In simpler words, it is the branch of science dealing with the pathophysiology of female animals. Theriogenology is the branch of veterinary medicine concerned with reproduction, including the physiology and pathology of male and female reproductive systems of animals and the clinical practice of veterinary obstetrics, gynecology, and andrology. Theriogenologists are veterinarians with advanced training in animal reproduction and obstetrics.
Animal husbandry refers to livestock raising and selective breeding. It is the management and care of animals in which the genetic qualities and behavior of animals are further developed for profit. A large number of farmers depend upon animal husbandry for their livelihood. Animals provide us with a variety of food products which have high nutritional values. Therefore, they require a lot of care and attention. Animals are bred commercially in order to meet the high demand for food. Dairy products from animals like cows, buffaloes, goats, are rich sources of protein. These animals are called milch animals as they provide us with milk.Another set of animals that provide nutrient-rich food are hen, ducks, goose, etc. They provide us with eggs, which again are rich sources of protein.
Being one of the most important and most influential industries, with immeasurable farms and billions of animals worldwide, the livestock industry, has its final goal to manage production for optimal yields in order to ensure economic viability and to produce sufficient volumes to feed massive populations. livestock nutrition is a very important aspect of a livestock operation. The health of teams of animals directly correlates with the operational stability and overall profitability of a farming operation. livestock nutrition is primarily involved with six totally different food teams, all of which serve a particular purpose in maintaining livestock health, weight, and products viability and include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, water, vitamins and minerals.
Veterinary parasitology is the study of animal parasites, especially relationships between parasites and animal hosts. Parasites of cattle, (livestock and pet animals), also as wildlife animals are considered. Veterinary parasitologists study the genesis and development of parasitoses in animal hosts, in addition also the taxonomy and scientific discipline of parasites, as well as the morphology, life cycles, and living desires of parasites within the atmosphere in animal hosts. using a variety of analysis methods, they diagnose, treat, and prevent animal parasitoses
Veterinary medicine is that the study of all aspects of immune system in animals. it's a branch under bioscience and related to zoological science and veterinary sciences. Interests include malfunctions and disorders, however also health, of the immune system in animals. it's interested in how the immune system works, how vaccines stop disease and why vaccines generally don't work and cause adverse reactions.
The Veterinary Anatomy & Histology includes gross anatomical studies on bony frame work, placement / location of viscera / organs of various body systems in the cadaver of domestic/ wild animals & birds. The embryiological study includes the development of embryo till the birth of newborn. The microscopic structure of various body organs is included in the histology. The department contributes its basic knowledge for the research in Veterinary pathology, Veterinary surgery & radiology, etc.
Veterinary surgery is surgery performed on animals by veterinarians, whereby the procedures fall into three broad categories: orthopaedics, soft tissue surgery, and neurosurgery. Advanced surgical procedures such as joint replacement (total hip, knee and elbow replacement), fracture repair, stabilization of cranial cruciate ligament deficiency, oncologic (cancer) surgery, herniated disc treatment, complicated gastrointestinal or urogenital procedures, kidney transplant, skin grafts, complicated wound management, and minimally invasive procedures (arthroscopy, laparoscopy, thoracoscopy) are performed by veterinary surgeons. The goal of veterinary su rgery may be quite different in pets and in farm animals. In the former, the situation is more close to that with human beings, where the benefit to the patient is the important factor. In the latter, the economic benefit is more important.
Veterinary pharmacology and toxicology are being increasingly recognized as important disciplines and were also rapidly changing and evolving in the mid-twentieth century. By the mid-1950s, pharmacology and toxicology were a highly active area of veterinary medicine; veterinary pharmacology and toxicology emerged as new disciplines, closely related, because they were involved in developing new compound, particularly new antimicrobials and antiparasitics to control infection diseases, and analgesic/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs affecting different animal species