This aims to empower medical graduates who are already working or planning to work in cardiology units of hospitals with deeper understanding of cardiology topics and also general practitioners who wish to improve their knowledge and skills in managing patients with cardiovascular conditions. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.
The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Often it occurs in the centre or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat, or feeling tired. An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest.
Heart failure (HF) often referred to as chronic heart failure (CHF), occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood flow to maintain and to meet the body's needs. These cause heart failure by changing either the structure or the functioning of the heart. There are two main types of heart failure: heart failure due to left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure with normal ejection fraction. Common causes of heart failure include coronary artery disease including a previous myocardial infarction (heart attack), high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, vascular heart disease, excess alcohol use, infection, and cardiomyopathy of an unknown cause. The severity of disease is usually graded by the degree of problems with exercise.
Nuclear cardiology studies use non-invasive techniques to assess myocardial blood flow, evaluate the pumping function of the heart as well as predict the size and location of a heart attack. Among the techniques of nuclear cardiology, myocardial perfusion imaging (nuclear stress tests) for the detection and management of coronary artery disease, viability studies to assess for the extent of myocardial infarction, radionuclide cineangiograms (RNCA/MUGA studies) to evaluate heart function are widely used.
Few tissues like skin and large organs such as liver regrow quite readily, whereas others have little or no capacity of regeneration. However in the present research, it suggests that particularly in the Lungs and heart, there is hope for a variety of organs and tissues will eventually develop and the capacity to regenerate.
Cardiovascular pharmacology deals with the drugs used for the treatment of cardiac, circulatory and vascular system. There are many types of cardiovascular drugs on the market that include cardiac glycosides, anticoagulants, antiarrhythmic agents, anti anginal agents and antihypertensive agents.
Bevyxxa (betrixaban): Approved June 2017
Byvalson (nebivolol and valsartan): Approved June 2016
Yosprala (aspirin and omeprazole): Approved September 2016
Cardiologists estimate patients for potential risk of developing heart conditions if patients take certain types of cancer drugs or other radiation treatment to the chest conditions. Cardiologists also help oncologists in patients during treatment by closely watching the heart conditions and recognizing heart trouble early in treatment.
Branch of medicine concerning childhood heart problems is known as pediatric cardiology. Proper nursing and care for such children is essential in addition to the treatments. They work closely with a wide range of specialists as part of a multidisciplinary team to assess and treat patients.
The emerging field of geriatric cardiology reflects a shift in clinical practice as the typical cardiovascular (CV) patient is now much older than in the past with distinctive goals and complexities related to age. Cardiac disorders are main reason of morbidity and mortality in elders. Proper nursing and care is essential.
The improvement of heart surgery and cardiopulmonary sidestep procedures has lessened the death rates of these surgeries to generally low positions. Cardiac surgery, or cardiovascular surgery, is surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels by cardiac surgeons. For example, repairs of inborn heart deformities are at present assessed to have 4–6% death rates. It is often used to treat complications of ischemic heart diseases like coronary artery bypass grafting, to correct congenital heart disease; or to treat valvular heart disease from various causes, including endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, and atherosclerosis. There will be expanded discussions regarding the new advanced technologies in cardiac transplantation and surgery processes.
An advanced nurse practitioner practises autonomously within his/her expanded scope of clinical practice. The advanced nurse practitioner demonstrates highly developed assessment, diagnostic, analytical and clinical judgement skills and the components of this level of practice. This framework provides the foundation on which all future advanced practice roles are to be developed and existing roles are to be reviewed and subsequently managed. The framework is aimed at employers, service leads, education providers and senior or advanced practitioners themselves. Cardiac surgery essentials for critical care nursing is the newest resource available to nurses who care for cardiac surgery patients. The goal of the cardiology conference was organized to make it useful to all nurses from novices to experts and to make the content specific to the cardiac surgery population rather than including all cardiothoracic procedures.
Cardiology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart. Heart is an important muscular organ in humans and other animals, pumps blood through the blood vessels of the circulatory system. The drugs that are used to treat other disorders in body, show a great impact on heart causing various side effects. Hence case reports on cardiac disorders and diseases have a great value and help in advancing and development of treatment strategies. Cardiology conferences, cardiologists' meeting and cardiology events are very important for the common people to be aware of the most important part of human body.