Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
The main research interests of the speaker are Sustainable Development and Low-carbon Transition regarding urban, national and global scales. Up to now, about 50 peer-reviewed SCI/SSCI articles have been published in the aspects of economic geography, low-carbon transition, energy-water-land nexus, and sustainable development. The speaker gave a presentation in the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 25) in Madrid, Spain, and served as the reviewer for more than 20 internationally academic journals including Nature Communications, Applied Energy, Water Research, and Land Use Policy.
To address the challenges of climate change caused by the prevailing use of fossil fuels, the low-carbon transition is urgently needed as a major approach to realizing sustainable development in developing countries. Officially launched in 2015, China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) provided opportunities for deep cooperation between China and Pakistan focusing on the energy, transportation, ports, and industrial cooperation. Under the CPEC, an increasing number of renewable energy projects have been funded, providing increasingly significant carbon emission avoided effects in Pakistan. Among the priority energy projects in the CPEC, the photovoltaic power stations in the Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park are among PakistanÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s representative solar energy projects. The development of the project is with the participation of multiple Chinese enterprises, including TBEA Xinjiang Sunoasis Co., Ltd. and Zonergy Company Limited. During the whole processes, the development model of the photovoltaic power stations gradually changed from the Engineering, Procurement, and Construction plus Operation and Maintenance model to the Build-Own- Operate model. Based on the multi-stage construction of solar power stations in the solar park, the land, infrastructure, and transmission facilities could be arranged, simplifying the procedures for the respective enterprises. Meanwhile, the construction and operation of the photovoltaic power stations are subject to the multi-scale embedding framework including resource endowments, industrial linkages, development plans, and institutional systems in the host countries. The construction of the solar park could provide references to promote low-carbon transition, improve energy institutional systems, fulfill carbon reduction commitments, and mitigate climate change, which is expected to provide policy implications for renewable energy development and low-carbon transition.