Canada is a North American country stretching from the U.S. in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north. Major cities include massive Toronto, west coast film centre Vancouver, French-speaking Montréal and Québec City, and capital city Ottawa. Canada may be very different from your home country, which means there is a great deal to learn about and explore before you arrive here. These pages will introduce you to important features of this country, such as the Canadian climate and way of life. Canada's vast swaths of wilderness include lake-filled Banff National Park in the Rocky Mountains. It's also home to Niagara Falls, a famous group of massive waterfalls.
Toronto, the capital of the province of Ontario, is a major Canadian city along Lake Ontario’s north-western shore. It's a dynamic metropolis with a core of soaring skyscrapers, all dwarfed by the iconic, free-standing CN Tower. Toronto also has many green spaces, from the orderly oval of Queen’s Park to 400-acre High Park and its trails, sports facilities and zoo. Toronto is located on the shore plain beside its harbour. There is a fairly abrupt rise 4 km inland which marks the shoreline of Lake Iroquois, a lake formed by glaciers 12,500 years ago that had a much higher water level than Lake Ontario.
French fur traders had known about the Toronto Passage since the early 1600s, and in 1720 they built a small store on the Humber River. This post failed financially and was abandoned in 1730. In 1750 the French built another small trading post. Fort Rouillé (or Fort Toronto), located in Toronto’s present-day Exhibition Grounds, was burned in 1759 by its French garrison during a retreat from British forces.
Toronto’s economy has gone through the stages of commercial lake port, railway and industrial hub, financial nexus, and high-level service and information centre. At present its port and commercial functions remain important, though relatively less so, apart from heavy retail activity. Its railway role persists, but has been modified by air and automotive transport.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario in Canada. Toronto is the largest population centre in Ontario by population over 5 million. It is situated on the north-west shore of Lake Ontario. There are more people reside in the regions around it. Toronto Area is the great metropolitan area in Canada. Toronto also has many green spaces, the oval of Queen’s Park is 400-acre High Park with consist of trails, sports facilities and zoo. Toronto is a dynamic county town with a core of soaring skyscrapers, and free-standing CN Tower. Toronto is a popular destination for tourists. Toronto’s motto is “Diversity Our Strength. Toronto has North America’s third largest concentration of private companies. This city is a global finance, commerce as well as transportation hub. It has always been ranked highly in the fields of life expectancy, personal safety, healthcare, education etc.
Toronto is a major rail transportation hub in Canada and central North America, with most commercial rail freight operations carried out by two, Class I railways, Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway. Both companies operate major yards and intermodal facilities in various parts of Toronto to serve manufacturing and logistics customers. Toronto is served by inter-city Via Rail to other Canadian cities and Amtrak's daily New York City trains through Union Station, a grand neoclassical structure in the heart of the city's downtown, which is shared with GO Transit's commuter trains. GO Transit operates all of its commuter bus services into and out of downtown Toronto from the Union Station Bus Terminal, a terminal owned and operated by GO Transit and adjacent to Union Station. This bus terminal was opened in 2003, removing GO buses from the Toronto Coach Terminal. GO Transit also operates the York dale Bus Terminal at York dale Shopping Centre and several terminals at subway stations, including Finch Bus Terminal, Scarborough Centre Bus Terminal and York Mills Bus Terminal. There are a number of freeways that serve both the city proper and the Greater Toronto Area. Bisecting the city from west to east across its inner suburbs, Highway 401 (or simply, "the 401") acts as a bypass of the downtown core, and is both the busiest and widest highway in Canada. At its interchange with Highway 400, where it spans 18 lanes, it sees over 400,000 vehicles on an average day, making it one of the world's busiest highways. Toronto has 9500 roads or 5200 kilometres across the city. The backbone of the TTC is a subway system with two lines, Line 1 Yonge–University and Line 2 Bloor–Danforth, running along principal streets and connecting Toronto's outlying areas with its downtown core. Toronto has three most busy airports; Toronto Pearson International Airport, Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport, Hamilton International Airport. There are a number of other general aviation airports in and around the city, including Buttonville Municipal Airport, Markham Airport, Oshawa Airport, Brampton Airport, and Burlington Air Park.
The economy of Toronto is the largest contributor to the Canadian economy, at 20% of national GDP, and an important economic hub of the world. Toronto is a commercial, distribution, financial and industrial centre. It is the banking and stock exchange centre of Canada, and is the country's primary wholesale and distribution point. Ontario's wealth of raw materials and hydroelectric power has made Toronto a primary centre of industry. The metropolitan area of Greater Toronto produces more than half of Canada's manufactured goods. The economy of Toronto is growing rapidly. As the business and financial capital of the country, and one of the world's largest financial centres as per the British Global Financial Centres Index, Toronto hosts the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), the third largest stock exchange in the Americas by market capitalization and ninth in the world.
Geographical Position of City, Canada:
Toronto covers an area of 630 square kilometres (243 sq mi), with a maximum north-south distance of 21 kilometres (13 mi) and a maximum east-west distance of 43 km (27 mi). It has a 46-kilometre (29 mi) long waterfront shoreline, on the north-western shore of Lake Ontario. The city lies on largely flat land, with little in the way of hills.
City’s Education & Life Style:
The University of Toronto is one of the world’s most prestigious post-secondary institutions, ranking 24th in the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Many of Canada’s universities are well known for promoting a global outlook through enrolling international students, hiring international faculty and encouraging international collaborations, meaning that you can expect a cosmopolitan feel on campus. Toronto is also home to two other universities, Ryerson and York University as well as several community colleges. The University of Toronto has many pioneering achievements to its name, including Canada’s first academic publishing house, the first forest science faculty in the country, and becoming the first Canadian university to reach more than C$1 billion in endowment. Toronto attracts investment due to the size of their economy, their projected future prosperity, cost of living and quality of life, Opportunities for the educated. Toronto's expat lifestyle is filled with fantastic restaurants, loads of shopping options, and great entertainment and nightlife venues.
List of Universities in Toronto:
University of Toronto
George Brown College
Centennial College Toronto
Tyndale College & Seminary
Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College
Victoria University in the University of Toronto
Michener Institute for Applied Health Sciences
Regis College University of Toronto
Academy of Design Toronto
Trinity College in the University of Toronto
List of Research centres:
Alberta Research Council
Art Canada Institute
Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre
Banff International Research Station
Canadian Association for HIV Research
Canadian Centre for Architecture
Canadian Community Economic Development Network
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
Ontario Institute for Cancer Research
Royal Ontario Museum
Art Gallery Of Ontario
Ontario Science Centre
Toronto zoo and Canada’s Wonderland
Fabulous shopping in Toronto