April 21, 2020


Singapore City, Singapore

Conference Agenda

Explore your options to connect, learn and be inspired from our speakers

Keynote Session:

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Hashem Nehrir photo

Hashem Nehrir

Montana State University, USA

Title: Challenges of Renewable Energy Utilization for Power Generation: Renewable-Energy-Based Microgrids and Microgrid-Based Smart Grid Systems


Dr. Nehrir has over forty years of university teaching and research experience. His research encompasses modeling, control, and power management of alternative energy power generation systems, load control (demand response) and application of artificial intelligence for microgrid power management for resiliency and self-healing of power systems.
Dr. Nehrir is a Life Fellow of IEEE, the 2010 recipient of Montana State University’s Wiley Faculty Award for Meritorious Research, the 2016 recipient of IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES) Ramakumar Family Renewable Energy Excellence Award, and the 2017 recipient of Albert Nelson Marquis Lifetime Achievement Award, bestowed by Marquis Who’s Who Publications Board. He has lectured on his research and educational activities in more than ten countries around the globe.


It is expected that demand for electricity will increase rapidly in the foreseeable future with population growth around the globe. The increase in demand dictates the need for increase in generation capacity, much of which is expected to be in the form of emission-free renewable-energy-based power generation.
This presentation evaluates the potential of several different renewable energy resources for power generation with a focus on the potential energy of sun for solar photovoltaic and solar heat power generation, and solar heat for hydrogen production. The opportunities and challenges associated with the use of sustainable, but variable renewable-energy-based power generation sources will be discussed. Furthermore, novel artificial-intelligence-based peer-to-peer power management strategies for mitigating the variability and improving resiliency of multi-source renewable-energy-based microgrids to find a “trade-off” optimal production point, and a microgrid-based power system architecture will be presented. Lastly, a vision for a future renewable-energy-based Hydrogen-economy society will be presented.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Dehua Zheng photo

Dehua Zheng

Goldwind Science and Technology Co., Ltd., China

Title: Fault Protection and Dynamic Control Strategy for Microgrids with High Renewable Energy


Dehua Zheng has completed his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees in Electrical Engineering from North China Electric Power University, Beijing, China in 1982 and 1987, respectively. He has also graduated another M.Sc. degree in Computer Engineering from the University of Manitoba, Canada in 1995. He has published more than 20 invention patents related to microgrid, renewable reseach energy areas. He has published more than 30 papers among which 6 SCI and EI journals. Dehua Zheng is currently a IEEE Senior Member, Deputy Director of China Smart Distribution System & Decentralized Generation Committee, Chief Scientist&General Manager of Goldwind Science and Technology Co., Ltd., IEC project leader for IEC/TS 62898-3-1 standard: “Microgrids – Technical Requirements–Protection and Dynamic Control”(currently the standard has reached the state of DTS), and he is registered senior electrical engineer in North America and PhD. professor in many universities. 


Microgrid is a group of interconnected loads and distributed energy resources (including microturbines, diesel generators, energy storage, renewable resources, and all other kinds of distributed energy resources) at distribution level with defined electrical boundaries that has black start capacity and can operate in island mode and/or grid-connected mode.
Because of the uncertainty, intermittent, and discontinuity of the renewable resources, transient disturbance and dynamic disturbance exist in the microgrid. For the fault current is small in the system and the microgrid has very little inertia, the disturbance control and fault protection of microgrids are more difficult than the ones of traditional grids.
The most challenging part of protection and dynamic control of microgrids is how to distinguish whether a fault or disturbance is occurring in the system. In the microgrid, there may appear transient characteristics similar to the transient and dynamic disturbance at the initial faults. If there is a fault, the transient disturbance control should be used to prevent the system from collapsing and make sure the right breakers should be tripped. But if there are transient and dynamic disturbances, even the initial characteristics of the transient and dynamic are very similar to the fault ones, the breakers should not be tripped.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Michael K H Leung photo

Michael K H Leung

City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Title: Solar Photocatalysis for Hydrogen Power and Fuel Cell


Michael Leung research areas include solar photocatalysis, fuel cell and advanced air-conditioning. His research emphasizes the development of modified nanostructured materials to perform various functional photoelectrochemical activities. He has also developed photocatalytic fuel cell reactors by integration of photocatalytic and electrochemical systems to achieve simultaneous waste water treatment and generation of free electricity. His research works are impactful and have received international recognition as he is recently listed as a Highly Cited Researcher by Clarivate Analytics in 2018. He is also listed as a Most Cited Scholar in Energy Science and Engineering by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy in collaboration with Elsevier. Prof. LEUNG has received total HK$40M+ research grants as a PI from NSFC, ITF, RGC, ECF, SDF, industrial sponsorships, university internal grants, donations, etc. He has published 150+ journal papers, 80+ conference papers, 15 books/book chapters, and 7 patents. 


Solar photocatalysis is a promising approach to achieve production of renewable hydrogen fuel for future sustainable energy. Photocatalysis (PC) can also be integrated with fuel cell (FC) to form photocatalytic fuel cell (PFC) that effectively utilizes solar energy for simultaneous wastewater treatment and recovery of energy chemically stored in wastewater. PFC using photoanode and photocathode can utilize solar energy effectively for hydrogen production, carbon reduction, wastewater treatment and recovery of the energy chemically stored in wastewater. Solar PC can decompose organic compounds while the FC component provides an electrical potential bias to drive the transport of the photogenerated electrons. In this talk, the speaker will first discuss the properties and fundamental mechanisms of solar photocatalysis followed by the development of effective visible-light activated nano-photocatalysts. Then, different reactor configurations, designs and control strategies for various applications will be presented. The talk will also cover upcoming R&D challenges for enhancing the solar photocatalysis technologies.

Oral Session 1:

  • Energy, Renewable Energy, Non Renewable Energy


Hashem Nehrir

Montana State University, USA

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Dharmalingam Sangeetha photo

Dharmalingam Sangeetha

Anna University, India

Title: Phosphonated SBA-15/Phosphonated PSEBS composite membranes for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells


D. Sangeetha is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Anna University. Her Google scholar citation is 1739 with an h-index of 23 and i-10 index of 52.  She has 2 granted Indian patents in the field of Fuel Cells.  Twelve students have completed their Ph.D. under her guidance.  She has successfully carried out a number of sponsored research projects funded by various agencies like DST, DBT, BRNS, CSIR, UGC and ICMR and 5 students are presently pursuing their Ph.D. in various fields like fuel cells, desalination, biopolymers for drug delivery and tissue engineering applications under her guidance.

She was awarded the Active Researcher Award 2012 by Anna University.  She was awarded the H. Nandy Memorial Award at the Indian Engineering Congress 2014. She is also the recipient of Womens Achiever Award 2017 as recognized by Anna University.  As a students mentor, she was awarded twice for the Student Innovative Project Award 2017 and 2018 in the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering by CTDT, Anna University. She received the Wenlock Endowment Scholarship for the year 2016-2017 for high impact research publication in 2018 by Anna University. Dr Sangeetha Dharmalingam has been certified as Professional Engineer in Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Discipline by The Institution of Engineers (India) in 2019.


Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are increasingly becoming an attractive energy source for the future due to their portability, silent operation and high power density. Efforts have been made to improve their efficiency as well as in making the technology affordable. Several parameters come into play in the context of fuel cell efficiency, of which the operating temperature is of prime importance. Specifically, high temperature PEM fuel cell (HTPEMFC) has greater merits such as higher efficiency, improved tolerance of the electrodes against carbon monoxide poisoning, faster reaction kinetics, and effective heat transfer. Since the proton conductivities of commonly used perfluorinated membranes, such as Nafion, is highly dependent on external humidification, their operating temperature is limited to 100 °C. Hence one of the biggest challenges in PEMFC is fabricating a thermally stable membrane which can operate at temperatures above 100 °C under anhydrous conditions.

In the present work phoshonated SBA-15/phosphonated Poly(styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene) (PSEBS) composite membranes are developed for high temperature fuel cell electrolyte. Mesoporous Santa Barbara Amorphous (SBA-15) was synthesized and it was grafted with phosphonate functionality using a simple two-step process involving chloromethylation and subsequent phosphonation. The phosphonated SBA-15 (PSBA-15) was characterized using Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy, solid state 13C Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 29Si NMR, 31P NMR for confirming successful modification. Morphology features were verified by small angle X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Transmission electron microscopy TEM analyses. Poly(styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene) (PSEBS) was chosen as the base polymer and phosphonic acid functional groups were grafted onto the polymer using the aforementioned approach, where chloromethyl (-CH2Cl) groups were attached to the main chain using Friedel Craft’s alkylation, followed by the phosphonation of the chloromethylated polymer by the Michaels-Arbuzov reaction resulting in phosphonated PSEBS (PPSEBS). The functionalisation was confirmed using NMR and FTIR spectroscopy studies. Composite PPSEBS/PSBA-15 membranes were fabricated with different filler concentrations (2, 4, 6, and 8%) of PSBA-15. Various studies such as water uptake, ion exchange capacity and the proton conductivity of the composite membranes were undertaken with respect to fuel cell applications. From the studies, it was found that the PPSEBS/PSBA-15 membrane with 6% wt of filler exhibited maximum proton conductivity of 8.62 mS/cm at 140 °C. Finally, membrane electrode assembly (MEA) was fabricated using PPSEBS/6% PSBA composite membrane, Platinium (Pt) anode, Pt cathode and was tested in an in-house built fuel cell setup. A maximum power density of 226 mW/cm2 and an open circuit voltage of 0.89 V was achieved at 140 °C under un-humidified condition.

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Taha Selim Ustun photo

Taha Selim Ustun

Fukushima Renewable Energy Institute, Japan

Title: Advanced Testing Capabilities for Smooth Integration of Renewable Energy Technologies to Power Systems


Taha Selim USTUN received his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from Victoria University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Currently, he is a researcher at Fukushima Renewable Energy Institute, AIST (FREA) and leads Smart Grid Cybersecurity Lab. Prior to that he was an Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. His research interests include power systems protection, communication in power networks, distributed generation, microgrids, electric vehicle integration and cybersecurity in smartgrids. Dr. Ustun is an Associate Editor of the IEEE ACCESS and Guest Editor of the IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL INFORMATICS, Energies, Electronics and Information Journals. He is a member of IEEE 2004, IEEE 2800 Working Groups and IEC Renewable Energy Management Working Group 8. He has edited several books and special issues with international publishing houses. He is a reviewer in reputable journals and has taken active roles in organizing international conferences and chairing sessions. He has been invited to run specialist courses in Africa, India and China. He delivered talks for Qatar Foundation, World Energy Council, Waterloo Global Science Initiative and European Union Energy Initiative (EUEI).


Wide-scale deployment of Smart Inverters (SIs) can only happen if their impacts on power systems can be clearly understood. For this reason, thorough power flow and system stability studies are required. Traditional power system simulation software does not include proper models for SIs. Furthermore, dynamic behavior of SIs is not very well known to develop such models. Consequently, hardware in the loop tests with digital real-time simulators seem to be the best option, due to their high fidelity. That being said, interface between the simulated and real-world plays a very significant role. Since the real world is sampled and these samples are utilized to map reality inside digital real-time simulator, any mistake may render the test unstable. On the other hand, real-time simulation has very strong timing requirements and this becomes a deciding factor on how much detail can be modeled. Since the bridge inverters have several components that operate in time steps that are much smaller than conventional power systems, digital real-time simulators have very limited capacity. Using simplified inverter models has been investigated in the past and shown to be acceptable in steady-state situations. This paper investigates use of such models for protection studies in low-voltage networks.

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Fulgence V Makonelah  photo

Fulgence V Makonelah

University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Title: Quantitative Risk Assessment of Natural Gas Distribution Pipeline Networks in Urban Areas


Fulgence V. Makonelah is a PhD candidate at University of Dar es salaam conducting research on Natural gas pipeline and transients’ effects mitigation in Natural gas distribution networks. He holds Masters of Energy engineering and BSc in Production Engineering from University of Dar es salaam. He is working as Assistant lecturer at the department of mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.


Natural gas is considered as clean and efficient fossil energy and its consumption is increasing worldwide. Pipelines are widely used as the most economical means of transporting and distributing natural gas over short distances. The distribution pipelines are usually pressurized, and they may become disastrous when gas is accidentally released to the atmosphere. Also, natural gas is volatile and highly flammable, unintentional gas release in urban areas can lead to severe consequences and losses in society. Therefore, it is important to assess the risk of natural gas pipeline in urban areas. In this paper analysis of risks in different parts of the Dar es salaam Natural gas distribution network is conducted. Newton's nodal method was used to analyze the network and an integrated quantitative risk analysis method used to estimate incident losses. The results obtained are useful in understanding the risks, decisions making and taking measures towards ensuring the safety of Dar es salaam natural gas distribution pipeline.

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Michael John photo

Michael John

University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Title: Performance of chemisorption refrigeration system


Michael John is PhD student at the age of 38 years at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. He is the Assistant Lecturer at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. He has published 1 book chapter and international conferences papers.


An experimental study of the adsorption performances of ammonia on calcium chloride was described. A single bed water cooled condenser adsorption refrigerator prototype, which utilises Calcium chloride-ammonia pair has been developed and tested in the laboratory. Experiments have been conducted for desorption temperatures of 100 ï‚°C with desorption time varying from 1hour to 4 hours using an electric tape heater and timer. The adsorption temperature profile, adsorption rate and the prototype performance have been analysed and discussed. For the tested heating desorption temperature of 100°C and heating desorption time of 1 hour to 4 hours, the cold chamber of the prototype obtained temperature between -0.8°C to 8.3°C which is in line with the vaccine requirement of 2°C  to 8°C . The estimated system COP ranges from 0.025 to 0. 076. 

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Joel Mbwiga photo

Joel Mbwiga

University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Title: Performance Improvement of Small Wind Turbine under Low Speed Conditions


Joel Mbwiga is the assistant lecturer in the department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering at Mbeya University of Science and Technology. He is currently pursuing PhD in Renewable Energy at the University of Dar es Salaam. He is doing a research in wind energy specifically optimizing power performance of small wind turbines in low speed wind regimes. He has patented a novelty rotor for low speed conditions.


Being simple and cost-effective, small wind turbines are mainly used as energy option for decentralized rural electrification in developing countries. Since installation site of small wind turbine is normally decided based on the areas where electrification is needed rather than where there is best wind resource, low wind speed sites can not be avoided. However, under low wind speed conditions, energy output has been found to be lower than one which can be predicted. Many researchers have attempted to identify the reasons for such low performance and suggest requisite improvement. Poor starting behavior has been found to be one of the major drawbacks of which there had been many attempts to improve it. Never the less, still commercial small wind turbines depict low performance in low speed wind regimes. In this paper, the rotor parameters responsible for enhancing turbine starting were analyzed and the results used in innovative processes to come up with the rotor having high starting torque and high maximum power performance. Unlike conventional rotor of the horizontal axis wind turbine, the rotor comprises of extra shorter blades mounted on same hub circumference. Blade Element Momentum theory was used to predict the power performance of the novelty rotor.

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Ramandeep Singh Sidhu photo

Ramandeep Singh Sidhu

Bathinda Colleage of Law, India

Title: Right of recourse under nuclear civil liability law of India


Ramandeep Singh Sidhu has Joined Law College as Assistant Professor in January 2017 Working as Officiating Principal in the college since August2018.


The Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010 follows global practice in the field of nuclear civil liability and has a specific provision that enables a nuclear operator to exercise right of recourse against a supplier. The Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Rules, 2011 provides explanation regarding the provisions enshrined in the Act. The Rules explains about the Supplier which has been formulated based on the industry practices of nuclear sector. The paper analyses the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act and Rules on the issue of compatibility of right of recourse with the international nuclear civil liability principles and conventions, particularly with the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage, 1997. This paper also discusses the issue of right of recourse by nuclear operator against the supplier in the light of explanation about a supplier as provided under the Act and Rules.

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Adela Syikilili photo

Adela Syikilili

University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Title: Flow Development Length and Inlet Effect in Vertical Two-phase Flow


Adela Syikilili is a PhD candidate under a sandwich program between University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).  She has a bachelor’s degree in Chemical and Process Engineering, a Master of Science in Petroleum Engineering and now she is doing her PhD in Multiphase flow issues. Apart from being a PhD candidate Adela is an Employee at the University of Dar es Salaam as an assistant lecturer where she acquired a study leave.


The aim of this work was to analyze inlet effect and patterns development length of the vertical gas-liquid flow experimentally. The study was conducted in multiphase rig with a test section of 18m long pipeline and 60 mm internal diameter. Two types of inlets were considered. Four conductivity probe rings were installed at four different positions along the test section. Water flow rate was kept at 0.07 m/s by adjusting pump frequencies and water inlet valve. Air was varied from 4 m/s to 22 m/s at atmospheric pressure and temperature so that to attain different types of flow pattern. Recognition of flow patterns was done by considering four methods; observation with aid of high-speed camera, time series of conductance signals, signals probability density functions and distribution moments about mean. Conductance signals were collected for about two minutes for each test after attaining steady state flow. The results show that with steady state flow, patterns transition can occur within a test section while the inlet effect is very small for slug propagation within a test section.

Meetings International - Energy 2020 Conference Keynote Speaker Hadj Mimoun photo

Hadj Mimoun

Universite de Boumerdes, Algeria

Title: The study of the influence of load’s chemical composition in the coking process on the efficiency and the quality of coke


Hadj Mimoun is working at Universite de Boumerdes, Algeria


This research was performed in order to allow the study of the chemical composition influence of the coking process load on the efficiency and the quality of coke. For this reason, the coking of the following loads was realized: Atmospheric residue (RAT), vacuum Residue (RSV) and catalytic Residue of cracking (RCC). (The residues are obtained from an Algerian crude oil).As the oil residues are rich for their strongly polar composition, such as the asphaltene resins, and complex structures units (SCU), which has a role in the formation of coke, and as the dispersion of these latter improves the quality of coke, a study on the stability of aggregation was carried out by the addition of one stabilizer (oil Extract) in the coking process load. The Compounding (Extracted from /RCC oil) has been drived to the best efficiency of coke. The study consists of the influence, this is characterized by the analyses Infra-red (IR) and x-ray diffraction (XRD).