Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore is an island city-state in Southeast Asia. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 62 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23%. The city ranks highly in numerous international rankings, and has been recognised as the most "technology-ready" nation (WEF), top International-meetings city (UIA), city with "best investment potential" (BERI), world's smartest city, world's safest country, world's most competitive economy, third least-corrupt country, third-largest foreign exchange market, third-largest financial centre, third-largest oil refining and trading centre, fifth-most innovative country, and the second-busiest container port.
Transportation system in Singapore: As Singapore is a small island with a high population density, the number of private cars on the road is restricted to curb pollution and congestion. Singapore has a road system covering 3,356 kilometres (2,085 mi), which includes 161 kilometres (100 mi) of expressways. Singaporean residents also travel by e-scooters, bicycles, bus, taxis and train (MRT or LRT). Two companies run the train transport system—SBS Transit and SMRT Corporation. Singapore is a major international transport hub in Asia, serving some of the busiest sea and air trade routes. There are eight airports around Singapore and the Port of Singapore is the world's busiest for transhipment traffic and the world's biggest ship refuelling centre.
Economic Condition: Singapore has a highly developed market economy, based historically on extended trans-shipment port trade.
• The Singaporean economy is known as one of the freest, most innovative, most competitive, most dynamic and most business-friendly.
• For several years, Singapore has been one of the few countries with an AAA credit rating from the "big three", and the only Asian country to achieve this rating.
• Singapore attracts a large amount of foreign investment as a result of its location, skilled workforce, low tax rates, advanced infrastructure and zero-tolerance against corruption.
• It is the 14th largest exporter and the 15th largest importer in the world.
Educational System: The education system in Singapore has been noted to be one of the best in the world. Singapore students excelled in most of the world education benchmarks in maths, science and reading. All institutions, private and public, must be registered with the Ministry of Education. Singapore literature students have won the Angus Ross Prize by Cambridge Examinations every year since 1987 (except in 2000), awarded to the top A-level English literature student outside Britain, with about 12,000 international candidates.
Geographical Situation: Singapore consists of 63 islands, including the main island, Pulau Ujong. There are two-man-made connections to Johor, Malaysia: the Woodlands 1st Link in the north and the Tuas 2nd Link in the west. Jurong Islands, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin and Sentosa are the largest of Singapore's smaller islands. The highest natural point is Bukit Timah Hill at 163.63 m (537 ft). Under British rule, Christmas Island and the Cocos Islands were part of Singapore, but were later transferred over to Australia in 1957. Pedra Branca an outlying island which now belongs to Singapore after the dispute, is the nation's easternmost point.
Notable Members in Singapore: Singapore is known for its quality education and academicians and scientists who have contributed to Singapore’s thriving research and development landscape in their respective fields, and who are laying the groundwork for future breakthroughs and innovations. Dr. Kenneth Lee, Lim Chwee Teck, Lok Shee-Mei are the renowned scientists from Singapore.
Universities and Research centers in Singapore:
• National University of Singapore (NUS)
• Nanyang Technological University (NTU)
• Singapore Management University (SMU)
• Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD)
• Singapore Institute of Technology (SIT)
• Singapore University of Social Sciences (SUSS)
• S14 Centre for Advanced 2D Materials & Graphene Research Centre
• NTU (School of MAE) - Robotics Research Centre
• Centre for Quantum Technologies
• Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences (SICS)
• Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering
• Centre for Climate Research Singapore
• Centre For Remote Imaging Sensing & Processing
• Technology Centre for Offshore and Marine, Singapore (TCOMS)
• Duke-NUS Medical School
• Lilly Centre for Clinical Pharmacology Pte Ltd
Tourist Attraction of Singapore: Tourism forms a large part of the economy, with over 17 million tourists visiting the city-state in 2017. The main attractions are: Sentosa, ArtScience Museum, Gardens by the Bay, Merlion, Universal Studios Singapore, Marina Bay Sands Singapore, Singapore Flyer, Singapore Zoo, Singapore Botanic Gardens, River Safari, Buddha Tooth Relic Temple etc.