Agenda

Date

July 22-23, 2020

Location

Paris, France




Conference Agenda

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Keynote Session:

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab photo

Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab

Mizan-Tepi University

Title: Prevalence Of Soil Transmitted Helminthes Infections And Its Determinants Among Primary School Children In Gena Bossa Woreda, Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study

Biography:

Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab has completed his MSc at the age of 26 years from Jimma University who has served Wachemo University as a Lecturer with the rank of Assistant Professor and currently he is a PhD in Biostatistics Student in Yazd University, Iran. He has published more than 8 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as a reviewer and editorial board member of different international journals.             

Abstract:

Soil-Transmitted Helminthes (STH) infection is a major public health problem among school-aged children in developing countries. In Ethiopia, school aged children have been identified as high risk group of population to be infected with Soil Transmitted Helminthes. Effective prevention and control of STH infection requires identification of risk factors among high risk groups. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of Soil Transmitted Helminthes infection among primary school children in Gena Bossa Woreda, Ethiopia

Title: HIV Transmission Prevention Project: Vulnerable subgroups, risk transmission assessment/mitigation & AI deep reinforcement learning using artificial neural networks to reduce structural violence following exposure to direct violence for persons targeted or at risk

Biography:

Rose-Marie Boylan 

Abstract:

Precursors to HIV transmission include socioeconomic demographics, trauma, gender, race and disability status. The encyclopedia of social deviance indicates that when there are over 50% males in decision-making roles there will be social deviance and higher rates of corruption. Not surprising in Canada there were over 10,000 sexual assaults that were dismissed as not creditable by law enforcement. The male brain processes trauma differently than the female so naturally institutional deviance would discredit victims. The researcher in health economics, outcomes research completed a Master’s degree in leadership studies from 2006-2009 defining human intelligence and the best brains for decisionmaking and leadership in a society. From 2009-2019 the researcher investigated and documented social, civil and political institutions and the role they play in putting victims of violence in harm’s way. Because the HIV virus is transmitted by the male lingam and women with disabilities and children remain powerless to paternalistic approaches to decision-making a model AHIMSA-N was developed using artificial neural networks. The objective was to override binary inspired biases in decision-making which promote the transmission of the HIV virus to women and children at risk. We know that to “err is human” and humans do not have objective criteria for decision-making when faced with populations they may deem as worthless based on social, civil status, gender identity, disabilities, socioeconomic power and race. For this reason artificial intelligence machine learning algorithms can assist decision-makers in identifying their blindspots which lead to victim retraumatization, sexual assault and indirect facilitation of homicide based on promoting HIV virus transmission. This model reviews over 80 years of research on cognitive, emotional and moral intelligence in the highest & lowest functioning humans in a society. We have created a framework that transfers these system thinkers brain systems to machine learning to reduce morbidity & mortality in subgroups at risk.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Jimmy Kihara  photo

Jimmy Kihara

Kenya Medical Research Institute

Title: Blood path-physiological changes of women suffering from female genital schistosomiasis in parts of coastal regions of Kenya

Biography:

Dr Jimmy Kihara is a medical parasitologist, with many years of experience in parasite, epidemiology, diagnosis and control in various countries including and not limited to India, Pakistan, Gambia, Ghana, Uganda etc. In the past 15 years I have been involved in control of STH and Schistosomiasis in School age children in Kenya, Pakistan and India. Currently I am an associate senior research scientist with Kenya Medical Research Institute. Together with other scientists we have published many papers in peer review journals. Currently I am interested in parasite control and more so Female Genital Schistosomiasis which affects this vulnerable group in the society.

 

Abstract:

Female Genital Schistosomiasis (FGS) apparent in vulval, vaginal and/or cervical areas has been reported from endemic areas. Studies have shown common manifestation in S. haematobium infection, with prevalence rate ranging from 30% to 75% (Steinmann, 2006). Pregnant or lactating women infected may be complicated further by malnutrition, anaemia and low immunity (Olds, 2003) resulting in more pathophysiological changes. This was a cross sectional study where a total of 394 Women of reproductive age (16 – 45 years) were recruited in the study. Urine was examined using nucleopore filtration method to diagnose S. haematobium. Blood was analysed using automated haematology analyzer. Malaria slides were examined to rule out infection. Pregnant women had higher prevalence and intensity of infection with urinary schistosomiasis than non-pregnant women. Presence of anaemia was 65.2% in pregnant women and 22.2% in non-pregnant women (Z=8.46, P<0.001) while RBC count, 52.3% in pregnant women and 14.1% in non-pregnant women (Z=6.39, P<0.001). Levels of Eosinophilia were slightly higher in infected pregnant women than infected non-pregnant women, the same was observed for thrombocytosis. In conclusion, female genital schistosomiasis causes anemia among pregnant women, as well as blood patho-physiological and this could be associated with the subtle disease progression.

 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Misra Shobha photo

Misra Shobha

PDU Govt.Medical College Rajkot

Title: Community-based Investigation of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever outbreak in a factory of a district located in Gujarat, India

Biography:

Shobha Misra, is serving as Professor & Head, Community Medicine, at PDU Govt.Medical College Rajkot, India. Bagged Best Paper awards, IAPSM Bouquets of Honors, PEARL award for excellence in medical education and FAIMER-fellowship from Philadelphia. Completed courses in Biostatistics, Clinical Investigation, Gender and Health, Human Resource Management, Naturopathy and Yoga, Hospital Administration and Advanced courses in Medical Education. Guided couple of theses, has over 34 publications, 20 presentations in International, National & State Conferences, led 10 research projects and a state level trainer. Co-Ordinator of Medical Education Unit and Curriculum Committee. And has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.

 

Abstract:

In the recent past, India has seen outbreaks of eight organisms of emerging and re-emerging diseases in various parts of the country, six of these are of zoonotic origin and five of viral origin. A Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) outbreak was reported in Gujarat, a state located in western India, in 2011. Thereafter, few cases were reported from the same state in August 2019.  We report a community-based investigation of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever outbreak in a factory of a district located in Gujarat.  Methodology: A Rapid Response Team conducted a community-based investigation of an outbreak following a suspected CCHF death in a factory in August 2019 to identify epidemiological determinants, mode of transmission and suggest remedial measures for early action. They undertook: interviews of workers, supervisor and possible contacts of dead person; inspected working place and surrounding environment for vectors and their breeding places. Results: Out of the 38 workers (22 males and 16 females) 18 (47.34%) were having one or more symptoms viz: respiratory infection (88.9%), followed by fever (44.4%) and headache (33.3%) indicating acute viral infection. Out of the 49 workers investigated, 34 were found to having thrombocytopenia. An open drainage tank near the quarters of workers was the suspected breeding place of Culex mosquitos. Two buffaloes in a farm adjacent to factory were having ticks on breast whose samples were collected. A comprehensive strategy comprising of; daily surveillance of factory workers, stopping migration, contact tracing, intensified tick control measures and health awareness program controlled the outbreak.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Shuxin Han photo

Shuxin Han

University of Science and Technology of China

Title: KLF15 Regulates Endobiotic and Xenobiotic Metabolism

Biography:

Dr. Shuxin Han has dedicated to metabolic biology for 15 years, mainly studying the transcriptional regulation of broad endogenous and exogenous compound metabolism by transcription factors (e.g., Kruppel-like factor/KLF, nuclear receptors). He has published articles in the high-level journals like Molecular Endocrinology, PNAS, Nature Communications, and Nature Metabolism. Dr. Han is now serving as a faculty member at University of Science and Technology of China First Affiliated Hospital and as the head of Central Nodal Bioscience and Technology Research Center and in Hefei, Anhui Province, China.

Abstract:

Hepatic metabolism and elimination of endobiotics (e.g., steroids, bile acids) and xenobiotics (e.g., drugs, toxins) is essential for health. While the enzymatic (termed phase I-II) and transport machinery (termed phase III) controlling endobiotic and xenobiotic metabolism (EXM) is known, our understanding of molecular nodal points that coordinate EXM function in physiology and disease remains incompletely understood. Here we show that the transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 15 (KLF15) regulates all three phases of the EXM system by direct and indirect pathways. Unbiased transcriptomic analyses coupled with validation studies in cells, human tissues, and animals, support direct transcriptional control of the EXM machinery by KLF15. Liver-specific deficiency of KLF15 (Li-KO) results in altered expression of numerous phase I-III targets, and renders animals resistant to the pathologic effect of bile acid and acetaminophen toxicity. Furthermore, Li-KO mice demonstrate enhanced degradation and elimination of endogenous steroid hormones, such as testosterone and glucocorticoid, resulting in reduced male fertility and blood glucose level, respectively. Viral reconstitution of hepatic KLF15 expression in Li-KO mice reverses these phenotypes. Our observations identify a previously unappreciated transcriptional pathway regulating metabolism and elimination of endobiotics and xenobiotics. 

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Segundo Mesa Castillo photo

Segundo Mesa Castillo

Psychiatric Hospital of Havana

Title: Direct evidence of viral infection and mitochondrial alterations in the brain of fetuses at high risk for schizophrenia

Biography:

Segundo Mesa Castillo. As Specialist in Neurology, he worked for 10 years in the Institute of Neurology of Havana, Cuba.  He has worked in Electron Microscopic Studies on Schizophrenia for 32 years. He was awarded with the International Price of the Stanley Foundation Award Program and for the Professional Committee to work as a fellowship position in the Laboratory of the Central Nervous System Studies, National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke under Dr. Joseph Gibbs for a period of 6 months, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, Washington D.C. USA, June 5, 1990.

Abstract:

There is increasing evidences that favor the prenatal beginning of schizophrenia. These evidences point toward intra-uterine environmental factors that act specifically during the second pregnancy trimester producing a direct damage of the brain of the fetus. The current available technology doesn't allow observing what is happening at cellular level since the human brain is not exposed  to a direct analysis in that stage of the life in subjects at high risk of developing schizophrenia. Methods. In 1977 we began a direct electron microscopic research of the brain of fetuses at high risk from schizophrenic mothers in order to finding differences at cellular level in relation to controls. Results. In these studies we have observed within the nuclei of neurons the presence of complete and incomplete viral particles that reacted in positive form with antibodies to herpes simplex hominis type I [HSV1] virus, and mitochondria alterations. Conclusion. The importance of these findings can have practical applications in the prevention of the illness keeping in mind its direct relation to the aetiology and physiopathology of schizophrenia. A study of amniotic fluid cells in women at risk of having a schizophrenic offspring is considered. Of being observed the same alterations that those observed previously in the cells of the brain of the studied foetuses, it would intend to these women in risk of having a schizophrenia descendant, previous information of the results, the voluntary medical interruption of the pregnancy or an early anti HSV1 viral treatment as preventive measure of the later development of the illness.

Meetings International -  Conference Keynote Speaker Aliakbar Isari photo

Aliakbar Isari

University of Rome

Title: A new insight into an effective degradation of Ciprofloxacin antibiotic and real pharmaceutical wastewater using direct Z-type WO3/g-C3N4 novel nanocomposite: Effective factors, toxicity and biodegradability studies

Biography:

Experienced engineer with a demonstrated history of working in the Pharmaceutical wastewater industry. Skilled in Nanomaterials, Wastewater treatment and management, and Advanced water treatments. Strong research professional focused in Nanotechnology and treatment methods from Sapienza Università di Roma.He has published more than 17 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of repute.

Abstract:

Recently, Ciprofloxacin (CIP) has raised serious environmental concerns due to its high resistance to traditional wastewater treatments methods. Heterogeneous photocatalysis as an advanced oxidation process (AOP) is a promising alternative to conventional water treatments. In this work, as a straightforward efficient approach, direct Z-type WO3/g-C3N4 (WCN) nanocomposite was synthesized through a facile one step hydrothermal method. Structural, morphological and surface properties of the samples were comprehensively characterized by XRD, FT-IR, TEM, FESEM, EIS, TGA, EDX, DRS, BET. The promotion effect and excellent photocatalytic properties of this nanocomposite can be attributed to synergistic effect between the interface of WO3 NPs and g-C3N4 nanosheets , including the enlarged specific surface areas and enhanced absorption of visible light. The effect of operational parameters such as g-C3N4 content, pH, catalyst dosage, initial CPF concentration was studied. After 60 min photocatalytic treatment, complete degradation of CPF achieved. According to kinetic studies, photocatalytic degradation process followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. In addition, the anion addition effect, mineralization, degradation mechanism, and pathway were also investigated. In the end, Moreover, system ability was assessed to treat a real pharmaceutical wastewater under optimized conditions. The biodegradability and toxicity of treated wastewater were examined by proper methods.