Traditional and Alternative Medicine covers all the aspects of the modernization and standardization Clinical and Experimental research e.g. chemistry, pharmacology, molecular mechanism, systems biology, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, safety, quality control, clinical studies of traditional Chinese, Ayurvedic, Unani, Arabic and other ethnomedicine. Each issue contains updated comprehensive in-depth reviews along with high quality original experimental research articles. Traditional and Alternative Medicine is a leading and important international peer-reviewed journal reflecting the current outstanding scientific Clinical and Experimental research progresses of the global traditional, indigenous, folk and ethnologic medicine. It provides a bridge connected the Tradition and Alternative Medicine system to the modern life science with the efforts of top scientists, as well as a resource to pursuit the solutions for the existing common issues in the traditional and alternative medicine.
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine in which thin needles are inserted into the body. It is a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). TCM theory and practice are not based upon scientific knowledge, and acupuncture is a pseudoscience. There is a diverse range of acupuncture theories based on different philosophies, and techniques vary depending on the country. The method used in TCM is likely the most widespread in the United States. It is most often used for pain relief, though it is also used for a wide range of other conditions. Acupuncture is generally used only in combination with other forms of treatment
Molecular biology offers promising tools for the creation of novel crop varieties with improved nutritional value, resistance to herbicides, pests, diseases, pollutants and adverse climatic conditions.
Medicinal plants are the most important source of life saving drugs for the majority of the world's population. Plant secondary metabolites are economically important as drugs, fragrances, pigments, food additives and pesticides. The biotechnological tools are important to select, multiply, improve and analyse medicinal plants. In-vitro production of secondary metabolites in plant cell suspension cultures has been reported from various medicinal plants and bioreactors are the key step towards commercial production of secondary metabolites by plant biotechnology. Genetic transformation is a powerful tool for enhancing the productivity of novel secondary metabolites
The utilization of nanotechnology for "phytotherapy" or treatment of different ailments by natural medications/drugs, including home grown medication conveyance where present and developing nanotechnologies
Pharmacognosy is the study of medicinal drugs derived from plants or other natural sources. The American Society of Pharmacognosy defines pharmacognosy as "the study of the physical, chemical, biochemical and biological properties of drugs, drug substances or potential drugs or drug substances of natural origin as well as the search for new drugs from natural sources.
Medicinal plants are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals or bionutrients. Studies carried out during the past 2–3 decades have shown that these phytochemicals have an important role in preventing chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes and coronary heart disease. The major classes of phytochemicals with disease-preventing functions are dietary fibre, antioxidants, anticancer, detoxifying agents, immunity-potentiating agents and neuropharmacological agents. Each class of these functional agents consists of a wide range of chemicals with differing potency
Ethnomedicine is a study or comparison of the traditional medicine practiced by various ethnic groups, and especially by indigenous peoples. The word ethnomedicine is sometimes used as a synonym for traditional medicine. Ethnomedical research is interdisciplinary; in its study of traditional medicines, it applies the methods of ethnobotany and medical anthropology. Often, the medicine traditions it studies are preserved only by oral tradition.
Scientific ethnomedical studies constitute either anthropological research or drug discovery research. Anthropological studies examine the cultural perception and context of a traditional medicine. The purpose of drug discovery research is to identify and develop a marketable pharmaceutical product.
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the popular term for health and wellness therapies that have typically not been part of conventional Western medicine. Complementary means treatments that are used along with conventional medicine. Alternative means treatments used in place of conventional medicine.
CAM focuses on the whole person and includes physical, emotional, mental and spiritual health. For example, CAM includes mind-body medicine (such as meditation, acupuncture and yoga), manipulative and body-based practices (such as massage therapy and spinal manipulation), and natural products (such as herbs and dietary supplements).
Most CAM studies in the U.S. show that few people forgo conventional medicine. So the term "integrative medicine" is increasingly preferred. Integrative medicine combines, or integrates, the best of conventional medical care with the best of evidence-based CAM
In the simplest of terms, a natural product is a small molecule that is produced by a biological source. As a central theme of exploration bordering chemistry and biology, natural products research focuses on the chemical properties, biosynthesis and biological functions of secondary metabolites. In this context, the task of defining “natural” is more straight forward and encompasses isolation from a native organism, synthesis in a laboratory, biosynthesis in vitro, or isolation from a metabolically engineered organism whereby the chemical structure has been determined and the resultant compound is chemically equivalent to the original natural product.
Traditional Chinese Medicine is a healing system developed in China more than 2,200 years ago, incorporating therapies that are in some cases. One of its guiding principles is to dispel evil and support the good. In addition to treating illness, Traditional Chinese Medicine focuses on strengthening the body's defenses and enhancing its capacity for healing herbs and to maintain health.
According to Ayurvedic hypothesis, everything in the universe living or not is connected. Good health is achieved when your body, mind, spirit are in harmony with the universe. A disruption of this harmony can lead to poor health and illness.
Anything that affects your physical, spiritual, or emotional well-being can cause you to be out of balance with the universe. Some things that can cause a disturbance include: Genetic birth defects, Injuries, Climate and seasonal changes, Emotions, Age.
How your body works to keep you healthy and your unique physical and psychological characteristics combine to form your body's constitution, or prakriti. prakriti is believed to stay the same for your entire life. But, how you digest food & eliminate waste can influence it.
Folk medicine is traditionally used as a term to describe healing skills that are associated with folk methods and that do not form part of formal medical training. This distinction is, however, primarily an academic construction and tells us little about the reality of everyday medicine as we are able to study it in a historical context.
In Norway we have a range of written sources that in various ways describe how people treated diseases in earlier periods. Descriptions of journeys, medicinal reports, decrees and laws, as well as books of black magic, are all examples of important sources for the study of diseases, treatments and therapists from the time following the Reformation.
The utilization and scan for medications and dietary supplements got from plants have quickened as of late. Ethnopharmacologists, botanists, microbiologists, and characteristic items scientists are searching the Earth for phytochemicals and "leads" which could be produced for treatment of irresistible infections. While 25 to half of current pharmaceuticals are gotten from plants, none are utilized as antimicrobials. Conventional healers have since a long time ago utilized plants to forestall or cure irresistible conditions; Western drug is attempting to copy their victories. Plants are rich in a wide assortment of optional metabolites.
Naturopathic medicines and treatment are a distinct primary healthcare profession emphasizing prevention, treatment & optimal health care through the use of therapeutic methods and substances that encourage individuals inherent self-healing plants process. The practice of naturopathic medicines includes evidence based naturopathic medicines, modern and scientific, traditional, naturopathic treatments and practices and empirical methods
Herbal medicine, also called botanical medicine or phytomedicine, refers to using a plant's seeds, berries, roots, leaves, bark, or flowers for medicinal purposes. Herbalism has a long tradition of use outside conventional medicine. It is becoming more mainstream as improvements in analysis and quality control, along with advances in clinical research, show the value of herbal medicine in treating and preventing disease.
A solution arranged from plants, including the greater part of the world's conventional solutions for illness. The vast majority consider natural cures as items sold over the counter as "supplements, for example, saw palmetto concentrate or goldenseal balm. Be that as it may, numerous over-the-counter and physician endorsed medications depend on fixings initially got from plants, including headache medicine and digoxin. Lab tests have demonstrated that some home grown cures are surely powerful against sickness. One ought to utilize these medications as painstakingly as physician recommended prescriptions, taking consideration to stay away from overdose, communications with different medicines, and abuse.
Medicinal Human sciences is a subfield of human sciences that draws upon, social, natural, and phonetic human studies to better comprehend those elements which impact wellbeing and prosperity (extensively characterized), the experience and dispersion of ailment, the avoidance and treatment of infection, mending forms, the social relations of treatment administration, and the social significance and use of pluralistic restorative frameworks.
The herbal cosmetics are the preparations containing phytochemical from a variety of botanical sources, which influences the functions of skin and provide nutrients necessary for the healthy skin or hair.
Nutraceuticals are food or part of food that provides medical or health benefits including the prevention and/or treatment of a disease. Nutraceutical has advantage over the medicine because they avoid side effect, have naturally dietary supplement, etc. Nutraceutical; on the basis of their natural source, chemical grouping, categories into three key terms -nutrients, herbals, dietary supplements, dietary fiber, etc. The most rapidly growing segments of the industry were dietary supplements (19.5 percent per year) and natural/herbal products (11.6 percent per year). Global nutraceutical market is estimated as USD 117 billion. FDA regulated dietary supplements as foods to ensure that they were safe. In 2006, the Indian government passed Food Safety and Standard Act to regulate the nutraceutical industry. Herbal nutraceutical is used as a powerful instrument in maintaining health and to act against nutritionally induced acute and chronic diseases, thereby promoting optimal health, longevity, and quality of life
Homeopathy is a system of alternative medicine. Homeopathy is a pseudoscience – a belief that is incorrectly presented as scientific. It is not a plausible system of treatment, as its dogmas about how drugs, illness, the human body, liquids and solutions operate are contradicted by a wide range of discoveries across biology, psychology, physics and chemistry made in the two centuries since its invention. Homeopaths generally begin with detailed examinations of their patients' histories, including questions regarding their physical, mental and emotional states, their life circumstances and any physical or emotional illnesses. Homeopathic pills are made from an inert substance upon which a drop of liquid homeopathic preparation is placed and allowed to evaporate
Herbal products like all other products can also be protected from copying and get various forms of rights from the government. Since the rights are granted by the state for a property that has emanated from the use of mind or intellect these are called as intellectual property rights. Four different types of intellectual property rights (IPRs) are possible namely patents, trademarks, designs and copy rights
Governments, international agencies and corporations are increasingly investing in traditional herbal medicine research. Yet little literature addresses ethical challenges in this research. In this paper, we apply concepts in a comprehensive ethical framework for clinical research to international traditional herbal medicine research. We examine in detail three key, underappreciated dimensions of the ethical framework in which particularly difficult questions arise for international herbal medicine research: social value, scientific validity and favorable risk–benefit ratio. Significant challenges exist in determining shared concepts of social value, scientific validity and favorable risk–benefit ratio across international research collaborations. However, we argue that collaborative partnership, including democratic deliberation, offers the context and process by which many of the ethical challenges in international herbal medicine research can, and should be, resolved. By “cross-training” investigators, and investing in safety-monitoring infrastructure, the issues identified by this comprehensive framework can promote ethically sound international herbal medicine research that contributes to global health.
Phytotherapeutic specialists are institutionalized home grown arrangements comprising of complex blends of at least one plant which contain as dynamic fixings plant parts or plant material in the unrefined or prepared state. A checked development in the overall phytotherapeutic advertises has happened in the course of the most recent 15 years. For the European and USA advertises alone, this will reach about $7 billion and $5 billion for every annum, separately, in 1999, and has in this way pulled in light of a legitimate concern for most huge pharmaceutical organizations. Inadequate information exists for most plants to ensure their quality, viability and wellbeing. The possibility that home grown medications are sheltered and free from symptoms is false. Plants contain many constituents and some of them are extremely harmful, for example, the most cytotoxic against tumor plant-determined medications, digitalis and the pyrrolizidine alkaloids, and so forth. In any case, the unfriendly impacts of phytotherapeutic operators are less continuous contrasted and engineered drugs, yet very much controlled clinical trials have now affirmed that such impacts truly exist. A few administrative models for home grown pharmaceuticals are presently accessible including physician recommended drugs, over-the-counter substances, conventional solutions and dietary supplements
They Consists of a few noteworthy parts, for example, Ayurveda, Siddha, homeopathy and Chemoprevention of ailments by plant items and unani drugs for the treatment of CNS and mind issue. Restorative plants constitute a noteworthy part in these conventional frameworks. A few regulations and controls on the utilization of therapeutic plants in conventional solution have advanced in the present survey; we gathered and basically examined information on in the anticipation of danger of hostile to disease drugs. The utilization of the word Toxicokinetics has changed in the course of the most recent decade and it is currently utilized, especially in the pharmaceutical business, to depict the era of pharmacokinetic information as a necessary segment in the behavior of nonclinical poisonous quality studies. The goal is to depict the systemic introduction to the test substance in creatures and its relationship to dosage level and the time course of the Toxicokinetics, creatures' models and measurement bunches
Emergency medicine is the medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of unforeseen illness or injury. It encompasses a unique body of knowledge as set forth in the “Model of the Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine.” The practice of emergency medicine includes the initial evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, coordination of care among multiple providers, and disposition of any patient requiring expeditious medical, surgical, or psychiatric care