Telemedicine is the use of telecommunication and information technologies to provide clinical and medical health care at a distance. It helps to eliminate distance barriers and can improve access to clinical services that would often not be consistently available in distant rural communities. It is also used to save lives in critical care and emergency situations. Although there were distant precursors to telemedicine, it is essentially a product of 20th century telecommunication and information technologies. These technologies permit communications between patient and medical staff with both convenience and loyalty, as well as the transmission of medical, imaging and health informatics data from one site to another. It is a process for accurate data collection in digital format and an electronic medical record for data incorporation and remote transmission Telemedicine is a system for automatically flagging and providing feedback for outlier data.
Telehealth presently aligns the clinical, operational, financial, and strategic effectiveness of a telehealth program. It mainly assists healthcare decision makers in launching sustainable telehealth services within clinically integrated healthcare systems Telehealth is a modern form of health care delivery. Telehealth breaks away from traditional medical care delivery by using recent telecommunication systems including wireless methods. Traditional use of telehealth services has been for specialist treatment. Telehealth is not a determined service, but a collection of means to enhance medical care and education delivery.
Health care technology implies application of formulated knowledge and skills in the form of devices, drugs, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health issues and improve quality of lives. This includes the pharmaceuticals, devices, procedures and organizational systems used in health care technology. It encompasses a wide range of healthcare products and mainly used to diagnose, monitor, treat diseases or medical conditions affecting humans. Earlier diagnostic methods, very low invasive treatment options and reductions in hospital stays are the applications of health science which are intended to improve the quality of health care delivered. There are recent trends in health technology and the proliferation of health care is increasing day by day mainly they have also focused on cost reduction. Medical technology may be classified into medical devices, information technology and healthcare services.
Tele-home health mainly involves at typical day in the life of a home telehealth Patient. Cancer patients often are treated surgically resulting in the need for temporary or permanent ostomies which are surgically created openings in the body for the discharge of body wastes. They utilize inexpensive videophone equipment connecting to the patient’s home through ordinary telephone lines to connect. They mainly include ostomy care, cardiac transplant care, passionate oncology care.
Healthcare Communication (IHC) determines the quality of healthcare by optimizing the experience and connecting perception, intelligence and expertise to deliver powerful multichannel communication solutions. This mainly involves the process of healthcare communication through creating and distributing innovative educational schedules and services, advocating for the importance of communication as an essential aspect of clinical care involving in collaborative research on communication in healthcare sector, and partnering with other leading organizations. Healthcare researchers whose area of study involves clinicians who need to initiate new, novel, or unfamiliar topics with their patients; These principles are intended to form the basis for defining standards governing responsible, faithful and deceiving communications to inform health or medical care professionals and payers about the effective use of medicines.
Digital health is the linking of genomic and digital technologies with health, healthcare and society to enhance the efficiency of clinical care delivery and make medicines more personalized and precise. It involves the use of information and communication technologies to help address the health problems and challenges faced by patients. These technologies include both hardware and software solutions and services, including email, mobile phones, web-based analysis, and applications, text messages, and clinic or remote monitoring sensors. Generally, digital health is concerned about the development of interconnected health systems to improve the use of computational technologies, smart devices, computational analysis techniques and communication media to aid healthcare professionals and patients manage illnesses and health risks, as well as promote health and wellbeing. Digital health is a multi-disciplinary domain which involves many stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers and scientists with a wide range of expertise in healthcare, engineering, social sciences, public health, health economics and management.
Telenursing is the use of communications technology in nursing to enhance patient care. It involved the use of electromagnetic channels such as wires, radio and optical to transmit voice, data and video communications using electrical or optical transmissions between humans or the computer. It involves patient and client interaction through information technology. It is part of telehealth and as well as telemedicine, and has many points of contacts with other medical and non-medical applications, such as tele diagnosis, teleconsultation, and telemonitoring. telenursing is the provision of nursing care to subjects living at remote places using distance communications technology. The tele nurses should have adequate knowledge and skill to support patient needs and make accurate decisions.
Medical informatics is the application of computers, communications and information technology and systems to all fields of medicine - medical care, medical education and medical research. The definition of Medical Informatics is dynamic due to the rapidly changing nature of both medicine and technology the sharing of a variety of information back and forth between people and healthcare entities. Medical Informatics is a new, exciting and evolving field. New specialties and careers are now possible. The expectation is that information technology will improve medical quality, patient safety, educational resources and patient-physician communication, while decreasing cost. Applied Medical Informatics studies the dispensation of medical statistics, the potent, management of information using computer technology, and the impact of such methods on medical research, education.
Patient Informatics is a new aspect of Medical Informatics that largely reflects the empowered healthcare consumer. Patients are aware that many non-healthcare businesses are automating and modernizing their business processes to attract a larger market share. Web portals are web-based programs that patients can access for health services. A web portal can be a standalone program or it can be integrated with an electronic health record. Patient portals began as a web based entrance to a healthcare system for the purpose of learning about a hospital, healthcare system or physician’s practice. Patients would like to have the same automation and convenience of an ATM machine applied to healthcare. Patients are using the Internet as the medical library of choice before and after seeing clinicians. Patient web portals are now available that are standalone or integrated with electronic health records that offer a multitude of patient oriented services
The application of informatics to the practice of medicine and clinical care Providing clinicians, patients or individuals with knowledge and person-specific or population information, intelligently filtered or presented at appropriate times, to foster better health processes, better individual patient care, and better population health Clinical Informatics is to use modern technologies to advance our ability understand health and health problems, support translational research, develop effective interventions for healthcare delivery. Clinical informatics is so broad and touches so many different aspects of the practice of medicine that each of us comes at it from a slightly different perspective Clinical informaticians use their knowledge of patient care combined with their understanding of informatics concepts, methods, and medical informatics. The information and clinical choice backing included in this field are produced for and utilized by clinicians, patients, and guardians.
Health Systems informatics (HSI) is a healthcare consulting firm and mainly focused on delivering high-quality consulting and support services enabling healthcare institutions to meet the ARRA and HITECH requirements through efficient Electronic Medical Record (EMR) accomplishment and optimization resulting in relevant Use. Built on a justification of strapping, diverse, healthcare talent and a “clients as partners” business criteria, HIS was started to provide support in today’s ever-changing healthcare society.
Cancer informatics is a multidisciplinary field of medical science that deals with the resources, devices, and methods required to optimize storage, retrieval, acquisition and use of information in the field of cancer research and treatment. Research in cancer biology have seen a dramatic increase in the amount of clinical, medical and research data, in particular with genomic and molecular cancer data. The data can benefit researchers understanding of cancer behavior and development of better therapy and treatment, new and improved data management and analysis tools are needed. Cancer informatics attempts to provide those tools "that interconnect research, clinical activities, and data in an organized and efficient manner, with as broad a database as possible. The coupling of cancer informatics tools with computational modeling and statistical analysis will accelerate the goal of making cancer a more treatable if not curable disease. Cancer informatics mainly helps in management and distribution of annotated molecular data for further research and also for the analysis of an individual tumor to determine its molecular phenotype
Medical Informatics application is organized with knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health related problems and improve quality of lives. This includes the pharmaceuticals, devices, instruments, procedures and organizational systems used in health care. The main agenda of social services are to provide better with respect to health services in rural and urban areas. Medical Informatics Research also involves research of proteomes from the level of intracellular protein composition, structure, and its unique activity patterns. It is an important component of functional genomics.
Medical Informatics Engineering mainly targets the delivery of medical care over the entire patient care cycle, which includes treatment, medications, monitoring and checkups screening, vaccination, preventive medicine, diagnosis. Model-based decision tools create engineered innovations in clinical operations, individual treatment choice and supporting supply chains to advance safe, high-quality, consistent and accessible healthcare while avoiding unnecessary costs. HSE focuses on the design of engineered processes to combine resources and support clinical decision making to assure its effective implementation over the entire course of a patient’s care.