Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease, or GERD, is defined as heartburn or acid reflux that occurs more than a few times each week. The oesophagus transports food from your mouth to your stomach. The lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) joins the stomach and the oesophagus via a ring of muscles. Stomach acid can leak back up into your oesophagus if the LES is weak, causing heartburn. Over time, this might cause major damage to your oesophagus.
An open sore in the stomach or upper part of the small intestine is known as a PUD. Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining becomes inflamed. Both of these illnesses have comparable symptoms, such as stomach discomfort and nausea, as well as similar causes. The most prevalent cause of PUD is a bacterial infection called H. pylori, which also causes chronic gastritis. Another prevalent cause is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Antacids and proton pump inhibitors are frequently effective. H. pylori infection is treated with antibiotics.
Gluten sensitivity and celiac disease have comparable symptoms. Diarrhea, bloating, and abdominal pain are among them. Gluten sensitivity is a fairly prevalent condition that affects many people all around the world. Only about 1% of people have true celiac disease. It's critical to see your doctor for a proper diagnosis rather than attempting to self-diagnose. Celiac disease, unlike gluten sensitivity, is an autoimmune illness that affects the small intestine. Gluten—a protein found in wheat, rye, barley, and oats—is the primary treatment for both disorders.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition in which the digestive tract is inflamed for a long time. The two most frequent kinds of inflammatory bowel illness are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. They are autoimmune disorders, which mean that the immune system reacts abnormally. Diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fever, and weight loss are all symptoms of IBD, which are caused by inflammation and swelling. Crohn's disease primarily affects the small intestine's end and the colon's beginning. Only the colon and rectum are affected by ulcerative colitis. IBD can be treated with drugs that inhibit your immune response. Surge occurs from time to time.
IBS and IBD are sometimes confused. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is defined as stomach pain that happens at least three times per month for three months in a row. You could possibly be suffering from constipation or diarrhoea. IBS, unlike IBD, does not affect the digestive system and is significantly more frequent. IBS's actual cause is unknown. Smaller meals and avoiding foods that aggravate symptoms may be part of the treatment plan. To treat IBS, some people use laxatives, fibre supplements, or probiotics.
Hemorrhoids are enlarged blood vessels in the anal canal that cause pain. Pain, itching, and bright red blood following a bowel movement are all symptoms. Constipation and pregnancy are two of the most common causes. Hemorrhoids are very frequent, affecting 75 percent of persons over the age of 45. Adding fibre and plenty of fluids to your diet will help you avoid constipation. To ease pain and irritation, use hemorrhoid cream, suppositories, or a warm bath. It may be awkward to discuss haemorrhoids, but don't let that deter you from seeking treatment if your haemorrhoids continue.