Neuroscience, also known as Neural Science, is the study of how the sensory system develops, its structure, and what it does. Neuroscientists focus on the brain and its effect on behavior and cognitive functions. Not exclusively is neuroscience worried about the typical working of the sensory system, yet in addition what happens to the sensory system when individuals have neurological, mental and neurodevelopmental disarranges.
Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary branch of science that deals with the life systems, biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology of neurons and neural circuits. It additionally draws upon different fields, with the most evident being pharmacology, psychology, and medicine.
The scope of neuroscience
The scope of neuroscience has expanded after some time to incorporate distinctive methodologies used to ponder the molecular, cellular, developmental, structural, functional, evolutionary, computational, psychosocial and medical aspects of the nervous system. Neuroscience has also given rise to such other disciplines as neuroeducation. Neuroethics and neurolaw. The procedures utilized by neuroscientists have additionally extended gigantically, from sub-atomic and cell investigations of individual neurons to imaging of tactile and engine assignments in the cerebrum. Late hypothetical advances in neuroscience have likewise been supported by the investigation of neural systems.
Because of the expanding number of researchers who contemplate the sensory system, a few conspicuous neuroscience associations have been shaped to give a discussion to all neuroscientists and teachers. For instance, the International Brain Research Organization was established in 1960, the International Society for Neurochemistry in 1963, the European Brain and Behavior Society in 1968, and the Society for Neuroscience in 1969.
Global Business/Research on neuroscience
European Commission’s Human Brain Project
The goal of the 10-year Human Brain Project is to build new information computing technology infrastructure for neuroscience and for brain-related research in medicine and computing. It will include six platforms: neuroinformatics, brain stimulation, performance computing, medical informatics, neuromorphic computing, and neurorobotics. Read about the overall vision for this plan »
Two Japanese research organizations, the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) and the RIKEN Brain Science Institute, will join forces with a large European consortium on the Human Brain Project. OIST will contribute to the development of the Brain Simulation Platform, a major software infrastructure effort. RIKEN will contribute to the identification of the brain structures’ underlying mental capabilities.
Japan has launched a brain-mapping project using marmosets as part of a ten year Brain/MINDS project. The goals of this project are to improve understanding of human higher brain function, to improve diagnosis and treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders, and to develop novel cutting-edge technologies. As part of this project, transgenic marmosets are being created to help map the structure and activity of the entire marmoset brain.
The project received the equivalent of $27 million funding for the first year, with a likely increase for the second year and beyond. The work will be divided in to three groups — one at Keio University, one at RIKEN Brain Science Institute, and the third at University of Tokyo.
Israel Brain Technologies
To build on Israel’s strengths in technological innovation, entrepreneurship, and excellence in neuroscience, Israel Brain Technologies is launching programs aimed at supporting multidisciplinary collaboration to facilitate the commercialization process for neurotechnologies. More specifically, IBT will focus on developing the brain machine interface and neurostimulation devices.
The report, Inspiring Smarter Brain Research in Australia, called for an investment of $250 million over 10 years into interdisciplinary projects to understand the human brain. It suggests focusing on four research areas: cognition and intelligence, neurogenetics, artificial intelligence, and aging and dementia.
The Chinese Academy of Science launched a brain science centre in Shanghai this past January.
As a result of the increasing number of scientists who study the nervous system, several prominent neuroscience organizations have been formed to provide a forum to all neuroscientists and educators. For example, the International Brain Research Organization was founded in 1960, the International Society for Neurochemistry in 1963, the European Brain and Behaviour Society in 1968, and the Society for Neuroscience in 1969.
Global Universities related to Neuroscience
University of Cambridge, USA; University of Edinburgh, USA; Curtin University of Technology;
Emory University, Atlanta, USA; Duke University, USA; Stanford University, USA; University of California--San Diego, USA; University of California--Los Angeles; USA.
Societies Associated with Neurological Research:
Mental health Association in Maryland, USA; Society for Mental Health Research, USA; American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, USA; Australian Clinical Psychology Association, USA; American Association of Neurological Surgeons, USA; American Psychiatric Association, USA.
Hospitals Associated with Neuroscience Research
Johns Hopkins Hospital, World Brain Center Hospital, Duke University Hospital, Edward Hospital, Munson Medical Center, St Dominics Hospital, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery
Global Companies related to Neuroscience
Biogen Idec, Novartis, Otsuka , Teva, Johnson & Johnson , Lilli, Merck KGaA